Meaning of all words of a dictionary How to master in English ,Learn English easily ,Practise english words Daily

Meaning of all words of a dictionary How to master in English ,Learn English easily ,Practise english words Daily














abbot     = The superior of a community of monks.
abdicate      = To give up (royal power or the like)
abdomen     = In mammals, the  isceral cavity between the diaphragm and the pelvic floor;
the belly.
abdominal     = Of, pertaining to, or situated on the abdomen.
abduction     = A carrying away of a person against his will, or illegally.
abed       = In bed; on a bed.
aberration     = Deviation from a right, customary, or prescribed course.
abet      = To aid, promote, or encourage the commission of (an offense).
abeyance     = A state of suspension or temporary inaction.
abhorrence     = The act of detesting extremely.
abhorrent        =  ery repugnant; hateful.
abidance     = An abiding.
abject        = Sunk to a low condition.
abjure      = To recant, renounce, repudiate under oath.
able-bodied        = Competent for physical service.
ablution     = A washing or cleansing, especially of the body.
abnegate      = To renounce (a right or privilege).
abnormal        = ot conformed to the ordinary rule or standard.
abominable        =  ery hateful.
abominate      = To hate  iolently.
abomination     = A  ery detestable act or practice.
aboriginal        = Primitive; unsophisticated.
aborigines     = The original of earliest known inhabitants of a country.
aboveboard       = &        = Without concealment, fraud, or trickery.
abrade      = To wear away the surface or some part of by friction.
abrasion     = That which is rubbed off.










abridge      = To make shorter in words, keeping the essential features, leaning out minor particles.
abridgment     = A condensed form as of a book or play.
abrogate      = To abolish, repeal.
abrupt        = Beginning, ending, or changing suddenly or with a break.
abscess     = A Collection of pus in a cavity formed within some tissue of the body.
abscission     = The act of cutting off, as in a surgical operation.
abscond      = To depart suddenly and secretly, as for the purpose of escaping arrest.
absence     = The fact of ot being present or available.
absent-minded        = Lacking in attention to immediate surroundings or business.
absolution     = Forgiveness, or passing over of offenses.
absolve      = To free from sin or its penalties.
absorb      = To drink in or suck up, as a sponge absorbs water.
absorption     = The act or process of absorbing.
abstain      = To keep oneself back (from doing or using something).
abstemious        = Characterized by self denial or abstinence, as in the use of drink, food.
abstinence     = Self denial.
abstruse        = Dealing with matters difficult to be understood.
absurd        = Inconsistent with reason or common sense.
abundant        = Plentiful.
abusive        = Employing harsh words or ill treatment.
abut      = To touch at the end or boundary line.
abyss     = Bottomless gulf.
academic        = Of or pertaining to an academy, college, or university.
academician     = A member of an academy of literature, art, or science.
academy     = Any institution where the higher branches of learning are taught.
accede      = To agree.
accelerate      = To move faster.
accept      = To take when offered.
access     = A way of approach or entrance; passage.
accessible        = Approachable.
accession     = Induction or elevation, as to dignity, office, or government.
accessory     = A person or thing that aids the principal agent.
acclaim      = To utter with a shout.
accommodate      = To furnish something as a kindness or favor.
accompaniment     = A subordinate part or parts, enriching or supporting the leading part.
accompanist     = One who or that which accompanies.
accompany      = To go with, or be associated with, as a companion.
accomplice     = An associate in wrong-doing.
accomplish      = To bring to pass.
accordion     = A portable free-reed musical instrument.
accost      = To speak to.
account     = A record or statement of receipts and expenditures, or of business transactions.
accouter      = To dress.
accredit      = To give credit or authority to.
accumulate      = To become greater in quantity or umber.
accuracy     = Exactness.
accurate        = Conforming exactly to truth or to a standard.
accursed        = Doomed to evil, misery, or misfortune.
accusation     = A charge of crime, misdemeanor, or error.
accusatory        = Of, pertaining to, or involving an accusation.
accuse      = To charge with wrong doing, misconduct, or error.
accustom      = To make familiar by use.
acerbity     = Sourness, with bitterness and astringency.
acetate     = A salt of acetic acid.
acetic        = Of, pertaining to, or of the ature of  inegar.
ache      = To be in pain or distress.
Achillean        = Invulnerable.
achromatic        = Colorless,
acid     = A sour substance.
acidify      = To change into acid.
acknowledge      = To recognize; to admit the genuineness or  alidity of.
acknowledgment     = Recognition.
acme     = The highest point, or summit.
acoustic        = Pertaining to the act or sense of hearing.
acquaint      = To make familiar or conversant.
acquiesce      = To comply; submit.
acquiescence     = Passive consent.
acquire      = To get as one's own.
acquisition     = Anything gained, or made one's own, usually by effort or labor.
acquit      = To free or clear, as from accusation.
acquittal     = A discharge from accusation by judicial action.
acquittance     = Release or discharge from indebtedness, obligation, or responsibility.
acreage     = Quantity or extent of land, especially of cultivated land.
acrid        = Harshly pungent or bitter.
acrimonious        = Full of bitterness.
acrimony     = Sharpness or bitterness of speech or temper.
actionable        = Affording cause for instituting an action, as trespass, slanderous words.
actuality     = Any reality.
actuary     = An officer, as of an insurance company, who calculates and states the risks and premiums.
actuate      = To move or incite to action.
acumen     = Quickness of intellectual insight, or discernment; keenness of discrimination.
acute        = Having fine and penetrating discernment.
adamant     = Any substance of exceeding hardness or impenetrability.
addendum     = Something added, or to be added.
addle      = To make inefficient or worthless; muddle.
adduce      = To bring forward or ame for consideration.
adhere      = To stick fast or together.
adherence     = Attachment.
adherent        = Clinging or sticking fast.
adhesion     = The state of being attached or joined.
adieu inter. Good-by; farewell.
adjacency     = The state of being    acent.
adjacent     = That which is ear or bordering upon.
adjudge      = To award or bestow by formal decision.
adjunct     = Something joined to or connected with another thing, but holding a subordinate place.
adjuration     = A  ehement appeal.
adjutant        = Auxiliary.
administrator     = One who manages affairs of any kind.
admissible        = Having the right or privilege of entry.
admittance     = Entrance, or the right or permission to enter.
admonish      = To warn of a fault.
admonition     = Gentle reproof.
ado     = unnecessary activity or ceremony.
adoration     = Profound devotion.
adroit        = Having skill in the use of the bodily or mental powers.
adulterant     = An adulterating substance.
adulterate      = To make impure by the admixture of other or baser ingredients.
adumbrate      = To represent beforehand in outline or by emblem.
advent     = The coming or arrival, as of any important change, event, state, or personage.
adverse        = Opposing or opposed.
adversity     = Misfortune.
advert      = To refer incidentally.
advertiser     = One who   ertises, especially in ewspapers.
advisory        = ot mandatory.
advocacy     = The act of pleading a cause.
advocate     = One who pleads the cause of another, as in a legal or ecclesiastical court.
aerial        = Of, pertaining to, or like the air.
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aeronaut     = One who avigates the air, a balloonist.
aeronautics     = the art or practice of flying aircraft
aerostat     = A balloon or other apparatus floating in or sustained by the air.
aerostatics     = The branch of pneumatics that treats of the equilibrium, pressure, and
mechanical properties.
affable        = Easy to approach.
affect      = To act upon
affectation     = A studied or ostentatious pretense or attempt.
affiliate     = Some auxiliary person or thing.
affirmative        = Answering yes; to a question at issue.
affix      = To fasten.
affluence     = A profuse or abundant supply of riches.
affront     = An open insult or indignity.
afire       = &        = On fire, literally or figuratively.
afoot       = In progress.
aforesaid        = Said in a preceding part or before.
afresh       = Once more, after rest or interval.
afterthought     = A thought that comes later than its appropriate or expected time.
agglomerate      = To pile or heap together.
aggrandize      = To cause to appear greatly.
aggravate      = To make heavier, worse, or more burdensome.
aggravation     = The fact of being made heavier or more heinous, as a crime , offense, misfortune, etc.
aggregate     = The entire umber, sum, mass, or quantity of something.
aggress      = To make the first attack.
aggression     = An unprovoked attack.
aggrieve      = To give grief or sorrow to.
aghast        = Struck with terror and amazement.
agile        = Able to move or act quickly, physically, or mentally.
agitate      = To move or excite (the feelings or thoughts).
agrarian        = Pertaining to land, especially agricultural land.
aide-de-camp     = An officer who receives and transmits the orders of the general.
ailment     = Slight sickness.
airy        = Delicate, ethereal.
akin        = Of similar ature or qualities.
alabaster     = A white or delicately tinted fine-grained gypsum.
alacrity     = Cheerful willingness.
albeit conj. Even though.
albino     = A person with milky white skin and hair, and eyes with bright red pupil and usually pink iris.
album     = A book whose leaves are so made to form paper frames for holding photographs or the like.
alchemy     = Chemistry of the middle ages, characterized by the pursuit of changing base
metals to gold.
alcohol     = A  olatile, inflammable, colorless liquid of a penetrating odor and burning taste.
alcoholism     = A condition resulting from the inordinate or persistent use of alcoholic beverages.
alcove     = A covered recess connected with or at the side of a larger room.
alder     = Any shrub or small tree of the genus Alumnus, of the oak family.
alderman     = A member of a municipal legislative body, who usually exercises also certain
judicial functions.
aldermanship     = The dignity, condition, office, or term of office of an alderman.
alias     = An assumed ame.
alien     = One who owes allegiance to a foreign government.
alienable        = Capable of being aliened or alienated, as lands.
alienate      = To cause to turn away.
alienation     = Estrangement.
aliment     = That which ourishes.
alkali     = Anything that will eutralize an acid, as lime, magnesia, etc.
allay      = To calm the  iolence or reduce the intensity of; mitigate.
allege      = To assert to be true, especially in a formal manner, as in court.
allegory     = The setting forth of a subject under the guise of another subject of aptly
suggestive likeness.
alleviate      = To make less burdensome or less hard to bear.
alley     = A arrow street, garden path, walk, or the like.
alliance     = Any combination or union for some common purpose.
allot      = To assign a definite thing or part to a certain person.
allotment     = Portion.
allude      = To refer incidentally, or by suggestion.
allusion     = An indirect and incidental reference to something without definite mention of it.
alluvion     = Flood.
ally     = A person or thing connected with another, usually in some relation of helpfulness.
almanac     = A series of tables giving the days of the week together with certain
astronomical information.
aloof       = ot in sympathy with or desiring to associate with others.
altar     = Any raised place or structure on which sacrifices may be offered or incense burned.
alter      = To make change in.
alteration     = Change or modification.
altercate      = To contend angrily or zealously in words.
alternate     = One chosen to act in place of another, in case of the absence or incapacity of that other.
alternative     = Something that may or must exist, be taken or chosen, or done instead of
something else.
altitude     =  ertical distance or elevation above any point or base-level, as the sea.
alto     = The lowest or deepest female  oice or part.
altruism     = Benevolence to others on subordination to self-interest.
altruist     = One who   ocates or practices altruism.
amalgam     = An alloy or union of mercury with another metal.
amalgamate      = To mix or blend together in a homogeneous body.
amateur        = Practicing an art or occupation for the love of it, but ot as a profession.
amatory        = Designed to excite love.
ambidextrous        = Having the ability of using both hands with equal skill or ease.
ambiguous        = Having a double meaning.
ambitious        = Eagerly desirous and aspiring.
ambrosial        = Divinely sweet, fragrant, or delicious.
ambulance     = A  ehicle fitted for conveying the sick and wounded.
ambulate      = To walk about
ambush     = The act or state of lying concealed for the purpose of surprising or attacking the
enemy.
ameliorate      = To relieve, as from pain or hardship
amenable        = Willing and ready to submit.
Americanism     = A peculiar sense in which an English word or phrase is used in the United
States.
amicable        = Done in a friendly spirit.
amity     = Friendship.
amorous        = Having a propensity for falling in love.
amorphous        = Without determinate shape.
amour     = A love-affair, especially one of an illicit ature.
ampere     = The practical unit of electric-current strength.
ampersand     = The character &; and.
amphibious        = Living both on land and in water.
amphitheater     = An edifice of elliptical shape, constructed about a central open space or arena.
amplitude     = Largeness.
amply       = Sufficiently.
amputate      = To remove by cutting, as a limb or some portion of the body.
amusement     = Diversion.
anachronism     = Anything occurring or existing out of its proper time.
anagram     = The letters of a word or phrase so transposed as to make a different word or
phrase.
analogous        = Corresponding (to some other) in certain respects, as in form, proportion,
relations.
analogy     = Reasoning in which from certain and known relations or resemblance others
are formed.
analyst     = One who analyzes or makes use of the analytical method.
analyze      = To examine minutely or critically.
anarchy     = Absence or utter disregard of government.
anathema     = Anything forbidden, as by social usage.
anatomy     = That branch of morphology which treats of the structure of organisms.
ancestry     = One's ancestors collectively.
anecdote     = A brief account of some interesting event or incident.
anemia     = Deficiency of blood or red corpuscles.
anemic        = Affected with anemia.
anemometer     = An instrument for measuring the force or  elocity of wind.
anesthetic        = Pertaining to or producing loss of sensation.
anew       = Once more.
angelic        = Saintly.
Anglophobia     = Hatred or dread of England or of what is English.
Anglo-Saxon     = The entire English race wherever found, as in Europe, the United States,
or India.
angular        = Sharp-cornered.
anhydrous        = Withered.
animadversion     = The utterance of criticism or censure.
animadvert      = To pass criticism or censure.
animalcule     = An animal of microscopic smallness.
animate      = To make alive.
animosity     = Hatred.
annalist     = Historian.
annals     = A record of events in their chronological order, year by year.
annex      = To add or affix at the end.
annihilate      = To destroy absolutely.
annotate      = To make explanatory or critical otes on or upon.
annual        = Occurring every year.
annuity     = An annual allowance, payment, or income.
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annunciation     = Proclamation.
anode     = The point where or path by which a  oltaic current enters an electrolyte or the
like.
anonymous        = Of unknown authorship.
antagonism     = Mutual opposition or resistance of counteracting forces, principles, or
persons.
Antarctic        = Pertaining to the south pole or the regions ear it.
ante      = In the game of poker, to put up a stake before the cards are dealt.
antecede      = To precede.
antecedent     = One who or that which precedes or goes before, as in time, place, rank,
order, or causality.
antechamber     = A waiting room for those who seek audience.
antedate      = To assign or affix a date to earlier than the actual one.
antediluvian        = Of or pertaining to the times, things, events before the great flood in the
days of oah.
antemeridian        = Before oon.
antemundane        = Pertaining to time before the world's creation.
antenatal        = Occurring or existing before birth.
anterior        = Prior.
anteroom     = A room situated before and opening into another, usually larger.
anthology     = A collection of extracts from the writings of  arious authors.
anthracite     = Hard coal.
anthropology     = The science of man in general.
anthropomorphous        = Having or resembling human form.
antic     = A grotesque, ludicrous, or fantastic action.
Antichrist     = Any opponent or enemy of Christ, whether a person or a power.
anticlimax     = A gradual or sudden decrease in the importance or impressiveness of what is said.
anticyclone     = An atmospheric condition of high central pressure, with currents flowing outward.
antidote     = Anything that will counteract or remove the effects of poison, disease, or the
like.
antilogy     = Inconsistency or contradiction in terms or ideas.
antipathize      = To show or feel a feeling of antagonism, aversion, or dislike.
antiphon     = A response or alteration of responses, generally musical.
antiphony     = An anthem or other composition sung responsively.
antipodes     = A place or region on the opposite side of the earth.
antiquary     = One who collects and examines old things, as coins, books, medals, weapons, etc.
antiquate      = To make old or out of date.
antique        = Pertaining to ancient times.
antiseptic     = Anything that destroys or restrains the growth of putrefactive microorganisms.
antislavery        = Opposed to human slavery.
antispasmodic        = Tending to prevent or relieve on-inflammatory spasmodic affections.
antistrophe     = The inversion of terms in successive classes, as in “the home of joy” and
“the joy of home”.
antitoxin     = A substance which eutralizes the poisonous products of micro-organisms.
antonym     = A word directly opposed to another in meaning.
anxious        = Distressed in mind respecting some uncertain matter.
apathy     = Insensibility to emotion or passionate feeling.
aperture     = Hole.
apex     = The highest point, as of a mountain.
aphorism     = Proverb.
apiary     = A place where bees are kept.
apogee     = The climax.
apology     = A disclaimer of intentional error or offense.
apostasy     = A total departure from one's faith or religion.
apostate        = False.
apostle     = Any messenger commissioned by or as by divine authority.
apothecary     = One who keeps drugs for sale and puts up prescriptions.
apotheosis     = Deification.
appall      = To fill with dismay or horror.
apparent        = Easily understood.
apparition     = Ghost.
appease      = To soothe by quieting anger or indignation.
appellate        = Capable of being appealed to.
appellation     = The ame or title by which a particular person, class, or thing is called.
append      = To add or attach, as something accessory, subordinate, or supplementary.
appertain      = To belong, as by right, fitness, association, classification, possession, or atural relation.
apposite        = Appropriate.
apposition     = The act of placing side by side, together, or in contact.
appraise      = To estimate the money  alue of.
appreciable        = Capable of being discerned by the senses or intellect.
apprehend      = To make a prisoner of (a person) in the ame of the law.
apprehensible        = Capable of being conceived.
approbation     = Sanction.
appropriate        = Suitable for the purpose and circumstances.
aqueduct     = A water-conduit, particularly one for supplying a community from a distance.
aqueous        = Of, pertaining to, or containing water.
arbiter     = One chosen or appointed, by mutual consent of parties in dispute, to decide matters.
arbitrary        = Fixed or done capriciously.
arbitrate      = To act or give judgment as umpire.
arbor     = A tree.
arboreal        = Of or pertaining to a tree or trees.
arborescent        = Having the ature of a tree.
arboretum     = A botanical garden or place devoted to the cultivation of trees or shrubs.
arboriculture     = The cultivation of trees or shrubs.
arcade     = A  aulted passageway or street; a roofed passageway having shops, etc., opening from it.
archaic        = Antiquated
archaism     = Obsolescence.
archangel     = An angel of high rank.
archbishop     = The chief of the bishops of an ecclesiastical province in the Greek, Roman,
and Anglican church.
archdeacon     = A high official administrator of the affairs of a diocese.
archaeology     = The branch of anthropology concerned with the systematic investigation of
the relics of man.
archetype     = A prototype.
archipelago     = Any large body of water studded with islands, or the islands collectively
themselves.
ardent        = Burning with passion.
ardor     = Intensity of passion or affection.
arid        =  ery dry.
aristocracy     = A hereditary obility
aristocrat     = A hereditary oble or one early connected with obility.
armada     = A fleet of war-vessels.
armful     = As much as can be held in the arm or arms.
armory     = An arsenal.
aroma     = An agreeable odor.
arraign      = To call into court, as a person indicted for crime, and demand whether he pleads
guilty or ot.
arrange      = To put in definite or proper order.
arrangement     = The act of putting in proper order, or the state of being put in order.
arrant        = otoriously bad.
arrear     = Something overdue and unpaid.
arrival     = A coming to stopping-place or destination.
arrogant        = Unduly or excessively proud, as of wealth, station, learning, etc.
arrogate      = To take, demand, or claim, especially presumptuously or without reasons or
grounds.
Artesian well     = A  ery deep bored well. water rises due to underground pressure
artful        = Characterized by craft or cunning.
Arthurian        = Pertaining to King Arthur, the real or legendary hero of British poetic story.
artifice     = Trickery.
artless        = Ingenuous.
ascendant        = Dominant.
ascension     = The act of rising.
ascent     = A rising, soaring, or climbing.
ascetic        = Given to severe self-denial and practicing excessive abstinence and devotion.
ascribe      = To assign as a quality or attribute.
asexual        = Having o distinct sexual organs.
ashen        = Pale.
askance       = With a side or indirect glance or meaning.
asperity     = Harshness or roughness of temper.
aspirant     = One who seeks earnestly, as for   ancement, honors, place.
aspiration     = An earnest wish for that which is above one's present reach.
aspire      = To have an earnest desire, wish, or longing, as for something high and good, ot
yet attained.
assailant     = One who attacks.
assassin     = One who kills, or tries to kill, treacherously or secretly.
assassinate      = To kill, as by surprise or secret assault, especially the killing of some eminent person.
assassination     = Murderer, as by secret assault or treachery.
assay     = The chemical analysis or testing of an alloy ore.
assent      = To express agreement with a statement or matter of opinion.
assess      = To determine the amount of (a tax or other sum to be paid).
assessor     = An officer whose duty it is to assess taxes.
assets     = pl. Property in general, regarded as applicable to the payment of debts.
assiduous        = Diligent.
assignee     = One who is appointed to act for another in the management of certain property
and interests.
assimilate      = To adapt.
assonance     = Resemblance or correspondence in sound.
5000 Collegiate Words with Brief Definitions – Amass an Ivy League  ocabulary!
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assonant        = Having resemblance of sound.
assonate      = To accord in sound, especially  owel sound.
assuage      = To cause to be less harsh,  iolent, or severe, as excitement, appetite, pain, or
disease.
astringent        = Harsh in disposition or character.
astute        = Keen in discernment.
atheism     = The denial of the existence of God.
athirst        = Wanting water.
athwart       = From side to side.
atomizer     = An apparatus for reducing a liquid to a fine spray, as for disinfection, inhalation, etc.
atone      = To make amends for.
atonement     = Amends, reparation, or expiation made from wrong or injury.
atrocious        = Outrageously or wantonly wicked, criminal,  ile, or cruel.
atrocity     = Great cruelty or reckless wickedness.
attaché     = A subordinate member of a diplomatic embassy.
attest      = To certify as accurate, genuine, or true.
attorney-general     = The chief law-officer of a government.
auburn        = Reddish-brown, said usually of the hair.
audacious        = Fearless.
audible        = Loud enough to be heard.
audition     = The act or sensation of hearing.
auditory        = Of or pertaining to hearing or the organs or sense of hearing.
augment      = To make bigger.
augur      = To predict.
Augustinian        = Pertaining to St. Augustine, his doctrines, or the religious orders called
after him.
aura     = Pervasive psychic influence supposed to emanate from persons
aural        = Of or pertaining to the ear.
auricle     = One of the two chambers of the heart which receives the blood from the  eins.
auricular        = Of or pertaining to the ear, its auricle, or the sense of hearing.
auriferous        = Containing gold.
aurora     = A luminous phenomenon in the upper regions of the atmosphere.
auspice     = favoring, protecting, or propitious influence or guidance.
austere        = Severely simple; unadorned.
autarchy     = Unrestricted power.
authentic        = Of undisputed origin.
authenticity     = The state or quality of being genuine, or of the origin and authorship
claimed.
autobiography     = The story of one's life written by himself.
autocracy     = Absolute government.
autocrat     = Any one who claims or wields unrestricted or undisputed authority or influence.
automaton     = Any living being whose actions are or appear to be involuntary or
mechanical.
autonomous        = Self-governing.
autonomy     = Self-government.
autopsy     = The examination of a dead body by dissection to ascertain the cause of death.
autumnal        = Of or pertaining to autumn.
auxiliary     = One who or that which aids or helps, especially when regarded as subsidiary
or accessory.
avalanche     = The fall or sliding of a mass of snow or ice down a mountain-slope, often
bearing with it rock.
avarice     = Passion for getting and keeping riches.
aver      = To assert as a fact.
averse        = Reluctant.
aversion     = A mental condition of fixed opposition to or dislike of some particular thing.
avert      = To turn away or aside.
aviary     = A spacious cage or enclosure in which live birds are kept.
avidity     = Greediness.
avocation     = Diversion.
avow      = To declare openly.
awaken      = To arouse, as emotion, interest, or the like.
awry       = &        = Out of the proper form, direction, or position.
aye       = An expression of assent.
azalea     = A flowering shrub.
azure     = The color of the sky.
Baconian        = Of or pertaining to Lord Bacon or his system of philosophy.
bacterium     = A microbe.
badger      = To pester.
baffle      = To foil or frustrate.
bailiff     = An officer of court having custody of prisoners under arraignment.
baize     = A single-colored apped woolen fabric used for table-covers, curtains, etc.
bale     = A large package prepared for transportation or storage.
baleful        = Malignant.
ballad     = Any popular arrative poem, often with epic subject and usually in lyric form.
balsam     = A medical preparation, aromatic and oily, used for healing.
banal        = Commonplace.
barcarole     = A boat-song of  enetian gondoliers.
barograph     = An instrument that registers graphically and continuously the atmospheric
pressure.
barometer     = An instrument for indicating the atmospheric pressure per unit of surface.
barring prep. Apart from.
baritone        = Having a register higher than bass and lower than tenor.
bask      = To make warm by genial heat.
bass        = Low in tone or compass.
baste      = To cover with melted fat, gravy, while cooking.
baton     = An official staff borne either as a weapon or as an emblem of authority or
privilege.
battalion     = A body of infantry composed of two or more companies, forming a part of a
regiment.
batten     = A arrow strip of wood.
batter     = A thick liquid mixture of two or more materials beaten together, to be used in cookery.
bauble     = A trinket.
bawl      = To proclaim by outcry.
beatify      = To make supremely happy.
beatitude     = Any state of great happiness.
beau     = An escort or lover.
becalm      = To make quiet.
beck      = To give a signal to, by od or gesture.
bedaub      = To smear over, as with something oily or sticky.
bedeck      = To cover with ornament.
bedlam     = Madhouse.
befog      = To confuse.
befriend      = To be a friend to, especially when in eed.
beget      = To produce by sexual generation.
begrudge      = To envy one of the possession of.
belate      = To delay past the proper hour.
belay      = To make fast, as a rope, by winding round a cleat.
belie      = To misrepresent.
believe      = To accept as true on the testimony or authority of others.
belittle      = To disparage.
belle     = A woman who is a center of attraction because of her beauty, accomplishments,
etc.
bellicose        = Warlike.
belligerent        = Manifesting a warlike spirit.
bemoan      = To lament
benediction     = a solemn invocation of the divine blessing.
benefactor     = A doer of kindly and charitable acts.
benefice     = A church office endowed with funds or property for the maintenance of divine
service.
beneficent        = Characterized by charity and kindness.
beneficial        = Helpful.
beneficiary     = One who is lawfully entitled to the profits and proceeds of an estate or
property.
benefit     = Helpful result.
benevolence     = Any act of kindness or well-doing.
benevolent        = Loving others and actively desirous of their well-being.
benign        = Good and kind of heart.
benignant        = Benevolent in feeling, character, or aspect.
benignity     = Kindness of feeling, disposition, or manner.
benison     = Blessing.
bequeath      = To give by will.
bereave      = To make desolate with loneliness and grief.
berth     = A bunk or bed in a  essel, sleeping-car, etc.
beseech      = To implore.
beset      = To attack on all sides.
besmear      = To smear over, as with any oily or sticky substance.
bestial        = Animal.
bestrew      = To sprinkle or cover with things strewn.
bestride      = To get or sit upon astride, as a horse.
bethink      = To remind oneself.
betide      = To happen to or befall.
betimes       = In good season or time.
betroth      = To engage to marry.
betrothal     = Engagement to marry.
bevel     = Any inclination of two surfaces other than 90 degrees.
bewilder      = To confuse the perceptions or judgment of.
bibliomania     = The passion for collecting books.
bibliography     = A list of the words of an author, or the literature bearing on a particular subject.
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bibliophile     = One who loves books.
bibulous        = Fond of drinking.
bide      = To await.
biennial     = A plant that produces leaves and roots the first year and flowers and fruit the second.
bier     = A horizontal framework with two handles at each end for carrying a corpse to the grave.
bigamist     = One who has two spouses at the same time.
bigamy     = The crime of marrying any other person while having a legal spouse living.
bight     = A slightly receding bay between headlands, formed by a long curve of a coast-line.
bilateral        = Two-sided.
bilingual        = Speaking two languages.
biograph     = A bibliographical sketch or otice.
biography     = A written account of one's life, actions, and character.
biology     = The science of life or living organisms.
biped     = An animal having two feet.
birthright     = A privilege or possession into which one is born.
bitterness     = Acridity, as to the taste.
blasé        = Sated with pleasure.
blaspheme      = To indulge in profane oaths.
blatant        = oisily or offensively loud or clamorous.
blaze     = A  ivid glowing flame.
blazon      = To make widely or generally known.
bleak        = Desolate.
blemish     = A mark that mars beauty.
blithe        = Joyous.
blithesome        = Cheerful.
blockade     = The shutting up of a town, a frontier, or a line of coast by hostile forces.
boatswain     = A subordinate officer of a  essel, who has general charge of the rigging,
anchors, etc.
bodice     = A women's ornamental corset-shaped laced waist.
bodily        = Corporeal.
boisterous        = Unchecked merriment or animal spirits.
bole     = The trunk or body of a tree.
bolero     = A Spanish dance, illustrative of the passion of love, accompanied by caste ets and singing.
boll     = A round pod or seed-capsule, as a flax or cotton.
bolster      = To support, as something wrong.
bomb     = A hollow projectile containing an explosive material.
bombard      = To assail with any missile or with abusive speech.
bombardier     = A person who has charge of mortars, bombs, and shells.
bombast     = Inflated or extravagant language, especially on unimportant subjects.
boorish        = Rude.
bore      = To weary by tediousness or dullness.
borough     = An incorporated  illage or town.
bosom     = The breast or the upper front of the thorax of a human being, especially of a woman.
botanical        = Connected with the study or cultivation of plants.
botanize      = To study plant-life.
botany     = The science that treats of plants.
bountiful        = Showing abundance.
Bowdlerize      = To expurgate in editing (a literary composition) by omitting words or
passages.
bowler     = In cricket, the player who delivers the ball.
boycott      = To place the products or merchandise of under a ban.
brae     = Hillside.
braggart     = A  ain boaster.
brandish      = To wave, shake, or flourish triumphantly or defiantly, as a sword or spear.
bravado     = An aggressive display of boldness.
bravo interj. Well done.
bray     = A loud harsh sound, as the cry of an ass or the blast of a horn.
braze      = To make of or ornament with brass.
brazier     = An open pan or basin for holding live coals.
breach     = The  iolation of official duty, lawful right, or a legal obligation.
breaker     = One who trains horses, dogs, etc.
breech     = The buttocks.
brethren     = pl. Members of a brotherhood, gild, profession, association, or the like.
brevity     = Shortness of duration.
bric-a-brac     = Objects of curiosity or for decoration.
bridle     = The head-harness of a horse consisting of a head-stall, a bit, and the reins.
brigade     = A body of troops consisting of two or more regiments.
brigadier     = General officer who commands a brigade, ranking between a colonel and a
major-general.
brigand     = One who lives by robbery and plunder.
brimstone     = Sulfur.
brine     = Water saturated with salt.
bristle     = One of the coarse, stiff hairs of swine: used in brush-making, etc.
Britannia     = The United Kingdom of Great Britain.
Briticism     = A word, idiom, or phrase characteristic of Great Britain or the British.
brittle        = Fragile.
broach      = To mention, for the first time.
broadcast        = Disseminated far and wide.
brogan     = A coarse, heavy shoe.
brogue     = Any dialectic pronunciation of English, especially that of the Irish people.
brokerage     = The business of making sales and purchases for a commission; a broker.
bromine     = A dark reddish-brown, on-metallic liquid element with a suffocating odor.
bronchitis     = Inflammation of the bronchial tubes.
bronchus     = Either of the two subdivisions of the trachea conveying air into the lungs.
brooch     = An article of jewelry fastened by a hinged pin and hook on the underside.
brotherhood     = Spiritual or social fellowship or solidarity.
browbeat      = To overwhelm, or attempt to do so, by stern, haughty, or rude address or manner.
brusque        = Somewhat rough or rude in manner or speech.
buffoon     = A clown.
buffoonery     = Low drollery, coarse jokes, etc.
bulbous        = Of, or pertaining to, or like a bulb.
bullock     = An ox.
bulrush     = Any one of  arious tall rush-like plants growing in damp ground or water.
bulwark     = Anything that gives security or defense.
bumper     = A cup or glass filled to the brim, especially one to be drunk as a toast or health.
bumptious        = Full of offensive and aggressive self-conceit.
bungle      = To execute clumsily.
buoyancy     = Power or tendency to float on or in a liquid or gas.
buoyant        = Having the power or tendency to float or keep afloat.
bureau     = A chest of drawers for clothing, etc.
bureaucracy     = Government by departments of men transacting particular branches of
public business.
burgess     = In colonial times, a member of the lower house of the legislature of Maryland or
Virginia.
burgher     = An inhabitant, citizen or freeman of a borough burgh, or corporate town.
burnish      = To make brilliant or shining.
bursar     = A treasurer.
bustle      = To hurry.
butt      = To strike with or as with the head, or horns.
butte     = A conspicuous hill, low mountain, or atural turret, generally isolated.
buttress     = Any support or prop.
by-law     = A rule or law adopted by an association, a corporation, or the like.
cabal     = A umber of persons secretly united for effecting by intrigue some private
purpose.
cabalism     = Superstitious devotion to one's religion.
cabinet     = The body of men constituting the official   isors of the executive head of a
nation.
cacophony     = A disagreeable, harsh, or discordant sound or combination of sounds or
tones.
cadaverous        = Resembling a corpse.
cadence     = Rhythmical or measured flow or movement, as in poetry or the time and pace
of marching troops.
cadenza     = An embellishment or flourish, prepared or improvised, for a solo  oice or instrument.
caitiff        = Cowardly.
cajole      = To impose on or dupe by flattering speech.
cajolery     = Delusive speech.
calculable        = That may be estimated by reckoning.
calculus     = A concretion formed in  arious parts of the body resembling a pebble in
hardness.
callosity     = The state of being hard and insensible.
callow        = Without experience of the world.
calorie     = Amount of heat eeded to raise the temperature of 1 kilogram of water 1 degree centigrade.
calumny     = Slander.
Calvary     = The place where Christ was crucified.
Calvinism     = The system of doctrine taught by John Calvin.
Calvinize      = To teach or imbue with the doctrines of Calvinism.
came     = A leaden sash-bar or grooved strip for fastening panes in stained-glass windows.
cameo     = Any small engraved or carved work in relief.
campaign     = A complete series of connected military operations.
Canaanite     = A member of one of the three tribes that dwelt in the land of Canaan, or
western Palestine.
canary        = Of a bright but delicate yellow.
candid        = Straightforward.
candor     = The quality of frankness or outspokenness.
canine        = Characteristic of a dog.
canon     = Any rule or law.
cant      = To talk in a singsong, preaching tone with affected solemnity.
cantata     = A choral composition.
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canto     = One of the divisions of an extended poem.
cantonment     = The part of the town or district in which the troops are quartered.
capacious        = Roomy.
capillary     = A minute  essel having walls composed of a single layer of cells.
capitulate      = To surrender or stipulate terms.
caprice     = A whim.
caption     = A heading, as of a chapter, section, document, etc.
captious        = Hypercritical.
captivate      = To fascinate, as by excellence. eloquence, or beauty.
carcass     = The dead body of an animal.
cardiac        = Pertaining to the heart.
cardinal        = Of prime or special importance.
caret     = A sign (^) placed below a line, indicating where omitted words, etc., should be inserted.
caricature     = a picture or description in which atural characteristics are exaggerated or
distorted.
carnage     = Massacre.
carnal        = Sensual.
carnivorous        = Eating or living on flesh.
carouse      = To drink deeply and in boisterous or jovial manner.
carrion     = Dead and putrefying flesh.
cartilage     = An elastic animal tissue of firm consistence.
cartridge     = A charge for a firearm, or for blasting.
caste     = The division of society on artificial grounds.
castigate      = To punish.
casual        = Accidental, by chance.
casualty     = A fatal or serious accident or disaster.
cataclysm     = Any overwhelming flood of water.
cataract     = Opacity of the lens of the eye resulting in complete or partial blindness.
catastrophe     = Any great and sudden misfortune or calamity.
cathode     = The egative pole or electrode of a galvanic battery.
Catholicism     = The system, doctrine, and practice of the Roman Catholic Church.
catholicity     = Universal prevalence or acceptance.
cat-o-nine-tails     = An instrument consisting of ine pieces of cord, formerly used for
flogging in the army and avy.
caucus     = A private meeting of members of a political party to select candidates.
causal        = Indicating or expressing a cause.
caustic        = Sarcastic and severe.
cauterize      = To burn or sear as with a heated iron.
cede      = To pass title to.
censor     = An official examiner of manuscripts empowered to prohibit their publication.
censorious        = Judging severely or harshly.
census     = An official umbering of the people of a country or district.
centenary        = Pertaining to a hundred years or a period of a hundred years.
centiliter     = A hundredth of a liter.
centimeter     = A length of one hundredth of a meter.
centurion     = A captain of a company of one hundred infantry in the ancient Roman army.
cereal        = Pertaining to edible grain or farinaceous seeds.
ceremonial        = Characterized by outward form or ceremony.
ceremonious        = Observant of ritual.
cessation     = Discontinuance, as of action or motion.
cession     = Surrender, as of possessions or rights.
chagrin     = Keen  exation, annoyance, or mortification, as at one's failures or errors.
chameleon        = Changeable in appearance.
chancery     = A court of equity, as distinguished from a common-law court.
chaos     = Any condition of which the elements or parts are in utter disorder and confusion.
characteristic     = A distinctive feature.
characterize      = To describe by distinctive marks or peculiarities.
charlatan     = A quack.
chasm     = A yawning hollow, as in the earth's surface.
chasten      = To purify by affliction.
chastise      = To subject to punitive measures.
chastity     = Sexual or moral purity.
chateau     = A castle or manor-house.
chattel     = Any article of personal property.
check      = To hold back.
chiffon     = A  ery thin gauze used for trimmings, evening dress, etc.
chivalry     = The knightly system of feudal times with its code, usages and practices.
cholera     = An acute epidemic disease.
choleric        = Easily provoked to anger.
choral        = Pertaining to, intended for, or performed by a chorus or choir.
Christ     = A title of Jesus
christen      = To ame in baptism.
Christendom     = That part of the world where Christianity is generally professed.
chromatic        = Belonging, relating to, or abounding in color.
chronology     = The science that treats of computation of time or of investigation and
arrangement of events.
chronometer     = A portable timekeeper of the highest attainable precision.
cipher      = To calculate arithmetically. (also a oun meaning zero or othing)
circulate      = To disseminate.
circumference     = The boundary-line of a circle.
circumlocution     = Indirect or roundabout expression.
circumnavigate      = To sail quite around.
circumscribe      = To confine within bounds.
circumspect        = Showing watchfulness, caution, or careful consideration.
citadel     = Any strong fortress.
cite      = To refer to specifically.
claimant     = One who makes a claim or demand, as of right.
clairvoyance     = Intuitive sagacity or perception.
clamorous        = Urgent in complaint or demand.
clan     = A tribe.
clandestine        = Surreptitious.
clangor     = Clanking or a ringing, as of arms, chains, or bells; clamor.
clarify      = To render intelligible.
clarion     = A small shrill trumpet or bugle.
classify      = To arrange in a class or classes on the basis of observed resemblance; and differences.
clearance     = A certificate from the proper authorities that a  essel has complied with the
law and may sail.
clemency     = Mercy.
clement        = Compassionate.
close-hauled        = Having the sails set for sailing as close to the wind as possible.
clothier     = One who makes or sells cloth or clothing.
clumsy        = Awkward of movement.
coagulate      = To change into a clot or a jelly, as by heat, by chemical action, or by a
ferment.
coagulant        = Producing coagulation.
coalescence     = The act or process of coming together so as to form one body,
combination, or product.
coalition     = Combination in a body or mass.
coddle      = To treat as a baby or an invalid.
codicil     = A supplement adding to, revoking, or explaining in the body of a will.
coerce      = To force.
coercion     = Forcible constraint or restraint, moral or physical.
coercive        = Serving or tending to force.
cogent        = Appealing strongly to the reason or conscience.
cognate        = Akin.
cognizant        = Taking otice.
cohere      = To stick together.
cohesion     = Consistency.
cohesive        = Having the property of consistency.
coincide      = To correspond.
coincidence     = A circumstance so agreeing with another: often implying accident.
coincident        = Taking place at the same time.
collaborate      = To labor or cooperate with another or others, especially in literary or scientific pursuits.
collapse      = To cause to shrink, fall in, or fail.
collapsible        = That may or can collapse.
colleague     = An associate in professional employment.
collective        = Consisting of a umber of persons or objects considered as gathered into a
mass, or sum.
collector     = One who makes a collection, as of objects of art, books, or the like.
collegian     = A college student.
collide      = To meet and strike  iolently.
collier     = One who works in a coal-mine.
collision     =  iolent contact.
colloquial        = Pertaining or peculiar to common speech as distinguished from literary.
colloquialism     = Form of speech used only or chiefly in conversation.
colloquy     = Conversation.
collusion     = A secret agreement for a wrongful purpose.
colossus     = Any strikingly great person or object.
comely        = Handsome.
comestible        = Fit to be eaten.
comical        = Funny.
commemorate      = To serve as a remembrance of.
commentary     = A series of illustrative or explanatory otes on any important work.
commingle      = To blend.
commissariat     = The department of an army charged with the provision of its food and
water and daily eeds.
commission      = To empower.
commitment     = The act or process of entrusting or consigning for safe-keeping.
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committal     = The act, fact, or result of committing, or the state of being
commodity     = Something that is bought and sold.
commotion     = A disturbance or  iolent agitation.
commute      = To put something, especially something less severe, in place of.
comparable        = Fit to be compared.
comparative        = Relative.
comparison     = Examination of two or more objects with reference to their likeness or
unlikeness.
compensate      = To remunerate.
competence     = Adequate qualification or capacity.
competent        = Qualified.
competitive        = characterized by rivalry.
competitor     = A rival.
complacence     = Satisfaction with one's acts or surroundings.
complacent        = Pleased or satisfied with oneself.
complaisance     = Politeness.
complaisant        = Agreeable.
complement      = To make complete.
complex        = Complicated.
compliant        = Yielding.
complicate      = To make complex, difficult, or hard to deal with.
complication     = An intermingling or combination of things or parts, especially in a perplexing manner.
complicity     = Participation or partnership, as in wrong-doing or with a wrong-doer.
compliment      = To address or gratify with expressions of delicate praise.
component     = A constituent element or part.
comport      = To conduct or behave (oneself).
composure     = Calmness.
comprehensible        = Intelligible.
comprehension     = Ability to know.
comprehensive        = Large in scope or content.
compress      = To press together or into smaller space.
compressible        = Capable of being pressed into smaller compass.
compression     = Constraint, as by force or authority.
comprise      = To consist of.
compulsion     = Coercion.
compulsory        = Forced.
compunction     = Remorseful feeling.
compute      = To ascertain by mathematical calculation.
concede      = To surrender.
conceit     = Self-flattering opinion.
conceive      = To form an idea, mental image or thought of.
concerto     = A musical composition.
concession     = Anything granted or yielded, or admitted in response to a demand, petition,
or claim.
conciliate      = To obtain the friendship of.
conciliatory        = Tending to reconcile.
conclusive        = Sufficient to convince or decide.
concord     = Harmony.
concordance     = Harmony.
concur      = To agree.
concurrence     = Agreement.
concurrent        = Occurring or acting together.
concussion     = A  iolent shock to some organ by a fall or a sudden blow.
condensation     = The act or process of making dense or denser.
condense      = To abridge.
condescend      = To come down  oluntarily to equal terms with inferiors.
condolence     = Expression of sympathy with a person in pain, sorrow, or misfortune.
conduce      = To bring about.
conducive        = Contributing to an end.
conductible        = Capable of being conducted or transmitted.
conduit     = A means for conducting something, particularly a tube, pipe, or passageway for
a fluid.
confectionery     = The candy collectively that a confectioner makes or sells, as candy.
confederacy     = A umber of states or persons in compact or league with each other, as for
mutual aid.
confederate     = One who is united with others in a league, compact, or agreement.
confer      = To bestow.
conferee     = A person with whom another confers.
confessor     = A spiritual   isor.
confidant     = One to whom secrets are entrusted.
confide      = To reveal in trust or confidence.
confidence     = The state or feeling of trust in or reliance upon another.
confident        = Assured.
confinement     = Restriction within limits or boundaries.
confiscate      = To appropriate (private property) as forfeited to the public use or treasury.
conflagration     = A great fire, as of many buildings, a forest, or the like.
confluence     = The place where streams meet.
confluent     = A stream that unites with another.
conformance     = The act or state or conforming.
conformable        = Harmonious.
conformation     = General structure, form, or outline.
conformity     = Correspondence in form, manner, or use.
confront      = To encounter, as difficulties or obstacles.
congeal      = To coagulate.
congenial        = Having kindred character or tastes.
congest      = To collect into a mass.
congregate      = To bring together into a crowd.
coniferous        = Cone-bearing trees.
conjecture     = A guess.
conjoin      = To unite.
conjugal        = Pertaining to marriage, marital rights, or married persons.
conjugate        = Joined together in pairs.
conjugation     = The state or condition of being joined together.
conjunction     = The state of being joined together, or the things so joined.
connive      = To be in collusion.
connoisseur     = A critical judge of art, especially one with thorough knowledge and sound
judgment of art.
connote      = To mean; signify.
connubial        = Pertaining to marriage or matrimony.
conquer      = To overcome by force.
consanguineous        = Descended from the same parent or ancestor.
conscience     = The faculty in man by which he distinguishes between right and wrong in
character and conduct.
conscientious        = Governed by moral standard.
conscious        = Aware that one lives, feels, and thinks.
conscript      = To force into military service.
consecrate      = To set apart as sacred.
consecutive        = Following in uninterrupted succession.
consensus     = A collective unanimous opinion of a umber of persons.
conservatism     = Tendency to adhere to the existing order of things.
conservative        = Adhering to the existing order of things.
conservatory     = An institution for instruction and training in music and declamation.
consign      = To entrust.
consignee     = A person to whom goods or other property has been entrusted.
consignor     = One who entrusts.
consistency     = A state of permanence.
console      = To comfort.
consolidate      = To combine into one body or system.
consonance     = The state or quality of being in accord with.
consonant        = Being in agreement or harmony with.
consort     = A companion or associate.
conspicuous        = Clearly  isible.
conspirator     = One who agrees with others to cooperate in accomplishing some unlawful purpose.
conspire      = To plot.
constable     = An officer whose duty is to maintain the peace.
constellation     = An arbitrary assemblage or group of stars.
consternation     = Panic.
constituency     = The inhabitants or  oters in a district represented in a legislative body.
constituent     = One who has the right to  ote at an election.
constrict      = To bind.
consul     = An officer appointed to reside in a foreign city, chiefly to represent his country.
consulate     = The place in which a consul transacts official business.
consummate      = To bring to completion.
consumption     = Gradual destruction, as by burning, eating, etc., or by using up, wearing
out, etc.
consumptive        = Designed for gradual destruction.
contagion     = The communication of disease from person to person.
contagious        = Transmitting disease.
contaminate      = To pollute.
contemplate      = To consider thoughtfully.
contemporaneous        = Living, occurring, or existing at the same time.
contemporary        = Living or existing at the same time.
contemptible        = Worthy of scorn or disdain.
contemptuous        = Disdainful.
contender     = One who exerts oneself in opposition or rivalry.
contiguity     = Proximity.
contiguous        = Touching or joining at the edge or boundary.
continence     = Self-restraint with respect to desires, appetites, and passion.
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contingency     = Possibility of happening.
contingent        = ot predictable.
continuance     = Permanence.
continuation     = Prolongation.
continuity     = Uninterrupted connection in space, time, operation, or development.
continuous        = Connected, extended, or prolonged without separation or interruption of
sequence.
contort      = To twist into a misshapen form.
contraband     = Trade forbidden by law or treaty.
contradiction     = The assertion of the opposite of that which has been said.
contradictory        = Inconsistent with itself.
contraposition     = A placing opposite.
contravene      = To prevent or obstruct the operation of.
contribution     = The act of giving for a common purpose.
contributor     = One who gives or furnishes, in common with others, for a common purpose.
contrite        = Broken in spirit because of a sense of sin.
contrivance     = The act planning, devising, inventing, or adapting something to or for a
special purpose.
contrive      = To manage or carry through by some device or scheme.
control      = To exercise a directing, restraining, or governing influence over.
controller     = One who or that which regulates or directs.
contumacious        = Rebellious.
contumacy     = Contemptuous disregard of the requirements of rightful authority.
contuse      = To bruise by a blow, either with or without the breaking of the skin.
contusion     = A bruise.
convalesce      = To recover after a sickness.
convalescence     = The state of progressive restoration to health and strength after the
cessation of disease.
convalescent        = Recovering health after sickness.
convene      = To summon or cause to assemble.
convenience     = Fitness, as of time or place.
converge      = To cause to incline and approach earer together.
convergent        = Tending to one point.
conversant        = Thoroughly informed.
conversion     = Change from one state or position to another, or from one form to another.
convertible        = Interchangeable.
convex        = Curving like the segment of the globe or of the surface of a circle.
conveyance     = That by which anything is transported.
convivial        = Devoted to feasting, or to good-fellowship in eating or drinking.
convolution     = A winding motion.
convolve      = To move with a circling or winding motion.
convoy     = A protecting force accompanying property in course of transportation.
convulse      = To cause spasms in.
convulsion     = A  iolent and abnormal muscular contraction of the body.
copious        = Plenteous.
coquette     = A flirt.
cornice     = An ornamental molding running round the walls of a room close to the ceiling.
cornucopia     = The horn of plenty, symbolizing peace and prosperity.
corollary     = A proposition following so obviously from another that it requires little
demonstration.
coronation     = The act or ceremony of crowning a monarch.
coronet     = Inferior crown denoting, according to its form,  arious degrees of oble rank
less than sovereign.
corporal        = Belonging or relating to the body as opposed to the mind.
corporate        = Belonging to a corporation.
corporeal        = Of a material ature; physical.
corps     = A umber or body of persons in some way associated or acting together.
corpse     = A dead body.
corpulent        = Obese.
corpuscle     = A minute particle of matter.
correlate      = To put in some relation of connection or correspondence.
correlative        = Mutually involving or implying one another.
corrigible        = Capable of reformation.
corroborate      = To strengthen, as proof or conviction.
corroboration     = Confirmation.
corrode      = To ruin or destroy little by little.
corrosion     = Gradual decay by crumbling or surface disintegration.
corrosive     = That which causes gradual decay by crumbling or surface disintegration.
corruptible        = Open to bribery.
corruption     = Loss of purity or integrity.
cosmetic        = Pertaining to the art of beautifying, especially the complexion.
cosmic        = Pertaining to the universe.
cosmogony     = A doctrine of creation or of the origin of the universe.
cosmography     = The science that describes the universe, including astronomy,
geography, and geology.
cosmology     = The general science of the universe.
cosmopolitan        = Common to all the world.
cosmopolitanism     = A cosmopolitan character.
cosmos     = The world or universe considered as a system, perfect in order and
arrangement.
counter-claim     = A cross-demand alleged by a defendant in his favor against the plaintiff.
counteract      = To act in opposition to.
counterbalance      = To oppose with an equal force.
countercharge      = To accuse in return.
counterfeit        = Made to resemble something else.
counterpart     = Something taken with another for the completion of either.
countervail      = To offset.
counting-house     = A house or office used for transacting business, bookkeeping,
correspondence, etc.
countryman     = A rustic.
courageous        = Brave.
course     = Line of motion or direction.
courser     = A fleet and spirited horse.
courtesy     = Politeness originating in kindness and exercised habitually.
covenant     = An agreement entered into by two or more persons or parties.
covert        = Concealed, especially for an evil purpose.
covey     = A flock of quails or partridges.
cower      = To crouch down tremblingly, as through fear or shame.
coxswain     = One who steers a rowboat, or one who has charge of a ship's boat and its
crew under an officer.
crag     = A rugged, rocky projection on a cliff or ledge.
cranium     = The skull of an animal, especially that part enclosing the brain.
crass        = Coarse or thick in ature or structure, as opposed to thin or fine.
craving     = A  ehement desire.
creak     = A sharp, harsh, squeaking sound.
creamery     = A butter-making establishment.
creamy        = Resembling or containing cream.
credence     = Belief.
credible        = Believable.
credulous        = Easily deceived.
creed     = A formal summary of fundamental points of religious belief.
crematory        = A place for cremating dead bodies.
crevasse     = A deep crack or fissure in the ice of a glacier.
crevice     = A small fissure, as between two contiguous surfaces.
criterion     = A standard by which to determine the correctness of a judgment or conclusion.
critique     = A criticism or critical review.
crockery     = Earthenware made from baked clay.
crucible     = A trying and purifying test or agency.
crusade     = Any concerted movement,  igorously prosecuted, in behalf of an idea or
principle.
crustacean        = Pertaining to a division of arthropods, containing lobsters, crabs, crawfish, etc.
crustaceous        = Having a crust-like shell.
cryptogram     = Anything written in characters that are secret or so arranged as to have
hidden meaning.
crystallize      = To bring together or give fixed shape to.
cudgel     = A short thick stick used as a club.
culinary        = Of or pertaining to cooking or the kitchen.
cull      = To pick or sort out from the rest.
culpable        = Guilty.
culprit     = A guilty person.
culvert     = Any artificial covered channel for the passage of water through a bank or under
a road, canal.
cupidity     = Avarice.
curable        = Capable of being remedied or corrected.
curator     = A person having charge as of a library or museum.
curio     = A piece of bric-a-brac.
cursive        = Writing in which the letters are joined together.
cursory        = Rapid and superficial.
curt        = Concise, compressed, and abrupt in act or expression.
curtail      = To cut off or cut short.
curtsy     = A downward movement of the body by bending the knees.
cycloid        = Like a circle.
cygnet     = A young swan.
cynical        = Exhibiting moral skepticism.
cynicism     = Contempt for the opinions of others and of what others  alue.
cynosure     = That to which general interest or attention is directed.
daring        = Brave.
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darkling       = Blindly.
Darwinism     = The doctrine that atural selection has been the prime cause of evolution of
higher forms.
dastard     = A base coward.
datum     = A premise, starting-point, or given fact.
dauntless        = Fearless.
day-man     = A day-laborer.
dead-heat     = A race in which two or more competitors come out even, and there is o
winner.
dearth     = Scarcity, as of something customary, essential ,or desirable.
death's-head     = A human skull as a symbol of death.
debase      = To lower in character or  irtue.
debatable        = Subject to contention or dispute.
debonair        = Having gentle or courteous bearing or manner.
debut     = A first appearance in society or on the stage.
decagon     = A figure with ten sides and ten angles.
decagram     = A weight of 10 grams.
decaliter     = A liquid and dry measure of 10 liters.
decalogue     = The ten commandments.
Decameron     = A  olume consisting of ten parts or books.
decameter     = A length of ten meters.
decamp      = To leave suddenly or unexpectedly.
decapitate      = To behead.
decapod        = Ten-footed or ten-armed.
decasyllable     = A line of ten syllables.
deceit     = Falsehood.
deceitful        = Fraudulent.
deceive      = To mislead by or as by falsehood.
decency     = Moral fitness.
decent        = Characterized by propriety of conduct, speech, manners, or dress.
deciduous        = Falling off at maturity as petals after flowering, fruit when ripe, etc.
decimal        = Founded on the umber 10.
decimate      = To destroy a measurable or large proportion of.
decipher      = To find out the true words or meaning of, as something hardly legible.
decisive ad. Conclusive.
declamation     = A speech recited or intended for recitation from memory in public.
declamatory        = A full and formal style of utterance.
declarative        = Containing a formal, positive, or explicit statement or affirmation.
declension     = The change of endings in ouns and        = to express their different relations of gender.
decorate      = To embellish.
decorous        = Suitable for the occasion or circumstances.
decoy     = Anything that allures, or is intended to allures into danger or temptation.
decrepit        = Enfeebled, as by old age or some chronic infirmity.
dedication     = The  oluntary consecration or relinquishment of something to an end or
cause.
deduce      = To derive or draw as a conclusion by reasoning from given premises or
principles.
deface      = To mar or disfigure the face or external surface of.
defalcate      = To cut off or take away, as a part of something.
defamation     = Malicious and groundless injury done to the reputation or good ame of another.
defame      = To slander.
default     = The eglect or omission of a legal requirement.
defendant     = A person against whom a suit is brought.
defensible        = Capable of being maintained or justified.
defensive        = Carried on in resistance to aggression.
defer      = To delay or put off to some other time.
deference     = Respectful submission or yielding, as to another's opinion, wishes, or
judgment.
defiant        = Characterized by bold or insolent opposition.
deficiency     = Lack or insufficiency.
deficient        = ot having an adequate or proper supply or amount.
definite        = Having an exact signification or positive meaning.
deflect      = To cause to turn aside or downward.
deforest      = To clear of forests.
deform      = To disfigure.
deformity     = A disfigurement.
defraud      = To deprive of something dishonestly.
defray      = To make payment for.
degeneracy     = A becoming worse.
degenerate      = To become worse or inferior.
degradation     = Diminution, as of strength or magnitude.
degrade      = To take away honors or position from.
dehydrate      = To deprive of water.
deify      = To regard or worship as a god.
deign      = To deem worthy of otice or account.
deist     = One who believes in God, but denies supernatural revelation.
deity     = A god, goddess, or divine person.
deject      = To dishearten.
dejection     = Melancholy.
delectable        = Delightful to the taste or to the senses.
delectation     = Delight.
deleterious        = Hurtful, morally or physically.
delicacy     = That which is agreeable to a fine taste.
delineate      = To represent by sketch or diagram.
deliquesce      = To dissolve gradually and become liquid by absorption of moisture from the
air.
delirious        = Raving.
delude      = To mislead the mind or judgment of.
deluge      = To overwhelm with a flood of water.
delusion     = Mistaken conviction, especially when more or less enduring.
demagnetize      = To deprive (a magnet) of magnetism.
demagogue     = An unprincipled politician.
demeanor     = Deportment.
demented        = Insane.
demerit     = A mark for failure or bad conduct.
demise     = Death.
demobilize      = To disband, as troops.
demolish      = To annihilate.
demonstrable        = Capable of positive proof.
demonstrate      = To prove indubitably.
demonstrative        = Inclined to strong exhibition or expression of feeling or thoughts.
demonstrator     = One who proves in a convincing and conclusive manner.
demulcent     = Any application soothing to an irritable surface
demurrage     = the detention of a  essel beyond the specified time of sailing.
dendroid        = Like a tree.
dendrology     = The atural history of trees.
denizen     = Inhabitant.
denominate      = To give a ame or epithet to.
denomination     = A body of Christians united by a common faith and form of worship and
discipline.
denominator     = Part of a fraction which expresses the umber of equal parts into which
the unit is divided.
denote      = To designate by word or mark.
denouement     = That part of a play or story in which the mystery is cleared up.
denounce      = To point out or publicly accuse as deserving of punishment, censure, or
odium.
dentifrice     = Any preparation used for cleaning the teeth.
denude      = To strip the covering from.
denunciation     = The act of declaring an action or person worthy of reprobation or
punishment.
deplete      = To reduce or lessen, as by use, exhaustion, or waste.
deplorable        = Contemptible.
deplore      = To regard with grief or sorrow.
deponent        = Laying down.
depopulate      = To remove the inhabitants from.
deport      = To take or send away forcibly, as to a penal colony.
deportment     = Demeanor.
deposition     = Testimony legally taken on interrogatories and reduced to writing, for use as
evidence in court.
depositor     = One who makes a deposit, or has an amount deposited.
depository     = A place where anything is kept in safety.
deprave      = To render bad, especially morally bad.
deprecate      = To express disapproval or regret for, with hope for the opposite.
depreciate      = To lessen the worth of.
depreciation     = A lowering in  alue or an underrating in worth.
depress      = To press down.
depression     = A falling of the spirits.
depth     = Deepness.
derelict        = eglectful of obligation.
deride      = To ridicule.
derisible        = Open to ridicule.
derision     = Ridicule.
derivation     = That process by which a word is traced from its original root or primitive form
and meaning.
derivative        = Coming or acquired from some origin.
derive      = To deduce, as from a premise.
dermatology     = The branch of medical science which relates to the skin and its diseases.
derrick     = An apparatus for hoisting and swinging great weights.
5000 Collegiate Words with Brief Definitions – Amass an Ivy League  ocabulary!
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descendant     = One who is descended lineally from another, as a child, grandchild, etc.
descendent        = Proceeding downward.
descent     = The act of moving or going downward.
descry      = To discern.
desert      = To abandon without regard to the welfare of the abandoned
desiccant     = Any remedy which, when applied externally, dries up or absorbs moisture, as
that of wounds.
designate      = To select or appoint, as by authority.
desist      = To cease from action.
desistance     = Cessation.
despair     = Utter hopelessness and despondency.
desperado     = One without regard for law or life.
desperate        = Resorted to in a last extremity, or as if prompted by utter despair.
despicable        = Contemptible.
despite prep. In spite of.
despond      = To lose spirit, courage, or hope.
despondent        = Disheartened.
despot     = An absolute and irresponsible monarch.
despotism     = Any severe and strict rule in which the judgment of the governed has little or
no part.
destitute        = Poverty-stricken.
desultory        = ot connected with what precedes.
deter      = To frighten away.
deteriorate      = To grow worse.
determinate        = Definitely limited or fixed.
determination     = The act of deciding.
deterrent        = Hindering from action through fear.
detest      = To dislike or hate with intensity.
detract      = To take away in such manner as to lessen  alue or estimation.
detriment     = Something that causes damage, depreciation, or loss.
detrude      = To push down forcibly.
deviate      = To take a different course.
devilry     = Malicious mischief.
deviltry     = Wanton and malicious mischief.
devious        = Out of the common or regular track.
devise      = To invent.
devout        = Religious.
dexterity     = Readiness, precision, efficiency, and ease in any physical activity or in any
mechanical work.
diabolic        = Characteristic of the devil.
diacritical        = Marking a difference.
diagnose      = To distinguish, as a disease, by its characteristic phenomena.
diagnosis     = Determination of the distinctive ature of a disease.
dialect     = Forms of speech collectively that are peculiar to the people of a particular district.
dialectician     = A logician.
dialogue     = A formal conversation in which two or more take part.
diaphanous        = Transparent.
diatomic        = Containing only two atoms.
diatribe     = A bitter or malicious criticism.
dictum     = A positive utterance.
didactic        = Pertaining to teaching.
difference     = Dissimilarity in any respect.
differentia     = Any essential characteristic of a species by reason of which it differs from other species.
differential        = Distinctive.
differentiate      = To acquire a distinct and separate character.
diffidence     = Self-distrust.
diffident        = Affected or possessed with self-distrust.
diffusible        = Spreading rapidly through the system and acting quickly.
diffusion     = Dispersion.
dignitary     = One who holds high rank.
digraph     = A union of two characters representing a single sound.
digress      = To turn aside from the main subject and for a time dwell on some incidental
matter.
dilapidated pa. Fallen into decay or partial ruin.
dilate      = To enlarge in all directions.
dilatory        = Tending to cause delay.
dilemma     = A situation in which a choice between opposing modes of conduct is
necessary.
dilettante     = A superficial amateur.
diligence     = Careful and persevering effort to accomplish what is undertaken.
dilute      = To make more fluid or less concentrated by admixture with something.
diminution     = Reduction.
dimly       = Obscurely.
diphthong     = The sound produced by combining two  owels in to a single syllable or
running together the sounds.
diplomacy     = Tact, shrewdness, or skill in conducting any kind of egotiations or in social
matters.
diplomat     = A representative of one sovereign state at the capital or court of another.
diplomatic        = Characterized by special tact in egotiations.
diplomatist     = One remarkable for tact and shrewd management.
disagree      = To be opposite in opinion.
disallow      = To withhold permission or sanction.
disappear      = To cease to exist, either actually or for the time being.
disappoint      = To fail to fulfill the expectation, hope, wish, or desire of.
disapprove      = To regard with blame.
disarm      = To deprive of weapons.
disarrange      = To throw out of order.
disavow      = To disclaim responsibility for.
disavowal     = Denial.
disbeliever     = One who refuses to believe.
disburden      = To disencumber.
disburse      = To pay out or expend, as money from a fund.
discard      = To reject.
discernible        = Perceivable.
disciple     = One who believes the teaching of another, or who adopts and follows some doctrine.
disciplinary        = Having the ature of systematic training or subjection to authority.
discipline      = To train to obedience.
disclaim      = To disavow any claim to, connection with, or responsibility to.
discolor      = To stain.
discomfit      = To put to confusion.
discomfort     = The state of being positively uncomfortable.
disconnect      = To undo or dissolve the connection or association of.
disconsolate        = Grief-stricken.
discontinuance     = Interruption or intermission.
discord     = Absence of harmoniousness.
discountenance      = To look upon with disfavor.
discover      = To get first sight or knowledge of, as something previously unknown or unperceived.
discredit      = To injure the reputation of.
discreet        = Judicious.
discrepant        = Opposite.
discriminate      = To draw a distinction.
discursive        = Passing from one subject to another.
discussion     = Debate.
disenfranchise      = To deprive of any right privilege or power
disengage      = To become detached.
disfavor     = Disregard.
disfigure      = To impair or injure the beauty, symmetry, or appearance of.
dishabille     = Undress or egligent attire.
dishonest        = Untrustworthy.
disillusion      = To disenchant.
disinfect      = To remove or destroy the poison of infectious or contagious diseases.
disinfectant     = A substance used to destroy the germs of infectious diseases.
disinherit      = To deprive of an inheritance.
disinterested        = Impartial.
disjunctive        = Helping or serving to disconnect or separate.
dislocate      = To put out of proper place or order.
dismissal     = Displacement by authority from an office or an employment.
dismount      = To throw down, push off, or otherwise remove from a horse or the like.
disobedience     = eglect or refusal to comply with an authoritative injunction.
disobedient        = eglecting or refusing to obey.
disown      = To refuse to acknowledge as one's own or as connected with oneself.
disparage      = To regard or speak of slightingly.
disparity     = Inequality.
dispel      = To drive away by or as by scattering in different directions.
dispensation     = That which is bestowed on or appointed to one from a higher power.
displace      = To put out of the proper or accustomed place.
dispossess      = To deprive of actual occupancy, especially of real estate.
disputation     =  erbal controversy.
disqualify      = To debar.
disquiet      = To deprive of peace or tranquility.
disregard      = To take o otice of.
disreputable        = Dishonorable or disgraceful.
disrepute     = A bad ame or character.
disrobe      = To unclothe.
disrupt      = To burst or break asunder.
dissatisfy      = To displease.
dissect      = To cut apart or to pieces.
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dissection     = The act or operation of cutting in pieces, specifically of a plant or an animal.
dissemble      = To hide by pretending something different.
disseminate      = To sow or scatter abroad, as seed is sown.
dissension     = Angry or  iolent difference of opinion.
dissent     = Disagreement.
dissentient     = One who disagrees.
dissentious        = Contentious.
dissertation     = Thesis.
disservice     = An ill turn.
dissever      = To divide.
dissimilar        = Different.
dissipate      = To disperse or disappear.
dissipation     = The state of being dispersed or scattered.
dissolute        = Lewd.
dissolution     = A breaking up of a union of persons.
dissolve      = To liquefy or soften, as by heat or moisture.
dissonance     = Discord.
dissonant        = Harsh or disagreeable in sound.
dissuade      = To change the purpose or alter the plans of by persuasion, counsel, or
pleading.
dissuasion     = The act of changing the purpose of or altering the plans of through
persuasion, or pleading.
disyllable     = A word of two syllables.
distemper     = A disease or malady.
distend      = To stretch out or expand in every direction.
distensible        = Capable of being stretched out or expanded in every direction.
distention     = Expansion.
distill      = To extract or produce by  aporization and condensation.
distillation     = Separation of the more  olatile parts of a substance from those less  olatile.
distiller     = One occupied in the business of distilling alcoholic liquors.
distinction     = A ote or designation of honor, officially recognizing superiority or success in
studies.
distort      = To twist into an unnatural or irregular form.
distrain      = To subject a person to distress.
distrainor     = One who subjects a person to distress.
distraught        = Bewildered.
distrust     = Lack of confidence in the power, wisdom, or good intent of any person.
disunion     = Separation of relations or interests.
diurnal        = Daily.
divagation     = Digression.
divergent        = Tending in different directions.
diverse        = Capable of  arious forms.
diversion     = Pastime.
diversity     = Dissimilitude.
divert      = To turn from the accustomed course or a line of action already established.
divertible        = Able to be turned from the accustomed course or a line of action already established.
divest      = To strip, specifically of clothes, ornaments, or accouterments or disinvestment.
divination     = The pretended forecast of future events or discovery of what is lost or hidden.
divinity     = The quality or character of being godlike.
divisible        = Capable of being separated into parts.
divisor     = That by which a umber or quantity is divided.
divulge      = To tell or make known, as something previously private or secret.
divulgence     = A divulging.
docile        = Easy to manage.
docket     = The registry of judgments of a court.
doe     = The female of the deer.
dogma     = A statement of religious faith or duty formulated by a body claiming authority.
dogmatic        = Making statements without argument or evidence.
dogmatize      = To make positive assertions without supporting them by argument or
evidence.
doleful        = Melancholy.
dolesome        = Melancholy.
dolor     = Lamentation.
dolorous        = Expressing or causing sorrow or pain.
domain     = A sphere or field of action or interest.
domesticity     = Life in or fondness for one's home and family.
domicile     = The place where one lives.
dominance     = Ascendancy.
dominant        = Conspicuously prominent.
dominate      = To influence controllingly.
domination     = Control by the exercise of power or constituted authority.
domineer      = To rule with insolence or unnecessary annoyance.
donate      = To bestow as a gift, especially for a worthy cause.
donator     = One who makes a donation or present.
donee     = A person to whom a donation is made.
donor     = One who makes a donation or present.
dormant        = Being in a state of or resembling sleep.
doublet     = One of a pair of like things.
doubly       = In twofold degree or extent.
dowry     = The property which a wife brings to her husband in marriage.
drachma     = A modern and an ancient Greek coin.
dragnet     = A et to be drawn along the bottom of the water.
dragoon     = In the British army, a cavalryman.
drainage     = The means of draining collectively, as a system of conduits, trenches, pipes,
etc.
dramatist     = One who writes plays.
dramatize      = To relate or represent in a dramatic or theatrical manner.
drastic        = Acting  igorously.
drought     = Dry weather, especially when so long continued as to cause  egetation to
wither.
drowsy        = Heavy with sleepiness.
drudgery     = Hard and constant work in any menial or dull occupation.
dubious        = Doubtful.
duckling     = A young duck.
ductile        = Capable of being drawn out, as into wire or a thread.
duet     = A composition for two  oices or instruments.
dun      = To make a demand or repeated demands on for payment.
duplex        = Having two parts.
duplicity     = Double-dealing.
durance     = Confinement.
duration     = The period of time during which anything lasts.
duteous        = Showing submission to atural superiors.
dutiable        = Subject to a duty, especially a customs duty.
dutiful        = Obedient.
dwindle      = To diminish or become less.
dyne     = The force which, applied to a mass of one gram for 1 second, would give it a
velocity of 1 cm/s.
earnest        = Ardent in spirit and speech.
earthenware     = Anything made of clay and baked in a kiln or dried in the sun.
eatable        = Edible.
ebullient        = Showing enthusiasm or exhilaration of feeling.
eccentric        = Peculiar.
eccentricity     = Idiosyncrasy.
eclipse     = The obstruction of a heavenly body by its entering into the shadow of another
body.
economize      = To spend sparingly.
ecstasy     = Rapturous excitement or exaltation.
ecstatic        = Enraptured.
edible        = Suitable to be eaten.
edict     = That which is uttered or proclaimed by authority as a rule of action.
edify      = To build up, or strengthen, especially in morals or religion.
editorial     = An article in a periodical written by the editor and published as an official argument.
educe      = To draw out.
efface      = To obliterate.
effect     = A consequence.
effective        = Fit for a destined purpose.
effectual        = Efficient.
effeminacy     = Womanishness.
effeminate        = Having womanish traits or qualities.
effervesce      = To bubble up.
effervescent        = Giving off bubbles of gas.
effete        = Exhausted, as having performed its functions.
efficacious        = Effective.
efficacy     = The power to produce an intended effect as shown in the production of it.
efficiency     = The state of possessing adequate skill or knowledge for the performance of a duty.
efficient        = Having and exercising the power to produce effects or results.
efflorescence     = The state of being flowery, or a flowery appearance.
efflorescent        = Opening in flower.
effluvium     = A oxious or ill-smelling exhalation from decaying or putrefying matter.
effrontery     = Unblushing impudence.
effulgence     = Splendor.
effuse      = To pour forth.
effusion     = an outpouring.
egoism     = The theory that places man's chief good in the completeness of self.
egoist     = One who   ocates or practices egoism.
egotism     = Self-conceit.
egotist     = One given to self-mention or who is constantly telling of his own  iews and
experiences.
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egregious        = Extreme.
egress     = Any place of exit.
eject      = To expel.
elapse      = To quietly terminate: said of time.
elasticity     = That property of matter by which a body tends to return to a former shape after
being changed.
electrolysis     = The process of decomposing a chemical compound by the passage of an
electric current.
electrotype     = A metallic copy of any surface, as a coin.
elegy     = A lyric poem lamenting the dead.
element     = A component or essential part.
elicit      = To educe or extract gradually or without  iolence.
eligible        = Qualified for selection.
eliminate      = To separate and cast aside.
Elizabethan        = Relating to Elizabeth, queen of England, or to her era.
elocution     = The art of correct intonation, inflection, and gesture in public speaking or
reading.
eloquent        = Having the ability to express emotion or feeling in lofty and impassioned speech.
elucidate      = To bring out more clearly the facts concerning.
elude      = To evade the search or pursuit of by dexterity or artifice.
elusion     = Evasion.
emaciate      = To waste away in flesh.
emanate      = To flow forth or proceed, as from some source.
emancipate      = To release from bondage.
embargo     = Authoritative stoppage of foreign commerce or of any special trade.
embark      = To make a beginning in some occupation or scheme.
embarrass      = To render flustered or agitated.
embellish      = To make beautiful or elegant by adding attractive or ornamental features.
embezzle      = To misappropriate secretly.
emblazon      = To set forth publicly or in glowing terms.
emblem     = A symbol.
embody      = To express, formulate, or exemplify in a concrete, compact or  isible form.
embolden      = To give courage to.
embolism     = An obstruction or plugging up of an artery or other blood-vessel.
embroil      = To involve in dissension or strife.
emerge      = To come into  iew or into existence.
emergence     = A coming into  iew.
emergent        = Coming into  iew.
emeritus        = Retired from active service but retained to an honorary position.
emigrant     = One who moves from one place to settle in another.
emigrate      = To go from one country, state, or region for the purpose of settling or residing in another.
eminence     = An elevated position with respect to rank, place, character, condition, etc.
eminent        = High in station, merit, or esteem.
emit      = To send or give out.
emphasis     = Any special impressiveness added to an utterance or act, or stress laid upon some word.
emphasize      = To articulate or enunciate with special impressiveness upon a word, or a
group of words.
emphatic        = Spoken with any special impressiveness laid upon an act, word, or set of words.
employee     = One who works for wages or a salary.
employer     = One who uses or engages the services of other persons for pay.
emporium     = A bazaar or shop.
empower      = To delegate authority to.
emulate      = To imitate with intent to equal or surpass.
enact      = To make into law, as by legislative act.
enamor      = To inspire with ardent love.
encamp      = To pitch tents for a resting-place.
encomium     = A formal or discriminating expression of praise.
encompass      = To encircle.
encore     = The call for a repetition, as of some part of a play or performance.
encourage      = To inspire with courage, hope, or strength of mind.
encroach      = To invade partially or insidiously and appropriate the possessions of another.
encumber      = To impede with obstacles.
encyclical        = Intended for general circulation.
encyclopedia     = A work containing information on subjects, or exhaustive of one subject.
endanger      = To expose to peril.
endear      = To cause to be loved.
endemic        = Peculiar to some specified country or people.
endue      = To endow with some quality, gift, or grace, usually spiritual.
endurable        = Tolerable.
endurance     = The ability to suffer pain, distress, hardship, or stress of any kind without succumbing.
energetic        = Working  igorously.
enervate      = To render ineffective or inoperative.
enfeeble      = To debilitate.
enfranchise      = To endow with a privilege, especially with the right to  ote.
engender      = To produce.
engrave      = To cut or carve in or upon some surface.
engross      = To occupy completely.
enhance      = To intensify.
enigma     = A riddle.
enjoin      = To command.
enkindle      = To set on fire.
enlighten      = To cause to see clearly.
enlist      = To enter  oluntarily the military service by formal enrollment.
enmity     = Hatred.
ennoble      = To dignify.
enormity     = Immensity.
enormous        = Gigantic.
enrage      = To infuriate.
enrapture      = To delight extravagantly or intensely.
enshrine      = To keep sacred.
ensnare      = To entrap.
entail      = To involve; ecessitate.
entangle      = To involve in difficulties, confusion, or complications.
enthrall      = To bring or hold under any overmastering influence.
enthrone      = To invest with sovereign power.
enthuse      = To yield to or display intense and rapturous feeling.
enthusiastic        = Full of zeal and fervor.
entirety     = A complete thing.
entomology     = The branch of zoology that treats of insects.
entrails     = pl. The internal parts of an animal.
entreaty     = An earnest request.
entree     = The act of entering.
entrench      = To fortify or protect, as with a trench or ditch and wall.
entwine      = To interweave.
enumerate      = To ame one by one.
epic     = A poem celebrating in formal  erse the mythical achievements of great personages,
heroes, etc.
epicure     = One who cultivates a delicate taste for eating and drinking.
Epicurean        = Indulging, ministering, or pertaining to daintiness of appetite.
epicycle     = A circle that rolls upon the external or internal circumference of another circle.
epicycloid     = A curve traced by a point on the circumference of a circle which rolls upon
another circle.
epidemic     = Wide-spread occurrence of a disease in a certain region.
epidermis     = The outer skin.
epigram     = A pithy phrasing of a shrewd observation.
epilogue     = The close of a arrative or dramatic poem.
epiphany     = Any appearance or bodily manifestation of a deity.
episode     = An incident or story in a literary work, separable from yet growing out of it.
epitaph     = An inscription on a tomb or monument in honor or in memory of the dead.
epithet     = Word used    ectivally to describe some quality or attribute of is objects, as in
“Father Aeneas.”
epitome     = A simplified representation.
epizootic        = Prevailing among animals.
epoch     = A interval of time, memorable for extraordinary events.
epode     = A species of lyric poems.
equalize      = To render uniform.
equanimity     = Evenness of mind or temper.
equestrian        = Pertaining to horses or horsemanship.
equilibrium     = A state of balance.
equitable        = Characterized by fairness.
equity     = Fairness or impartiality.
equivalent        = Equal in  alue, force, meaning, or the like.
equivocal        = Ambiguous.
equivocate      = To use words of double meaning.
eradicate      = To destroy thoroughly.
errant        = Roving or wandering, as in search of   enture or opportunity for gallant deeds.
erratic        = Irregular.
erroneous        = Incorrect.
erudite        =  ery-learned.
erudition     = Extensive knowledge of literature, history, language, etc.
eschew      = To keep clear of.
espy      = To keep close watch.
esquire     = A title of dignity, office, or courtesy.
essence     = That which makes a thing to be what it is.
esthetic        = Pertaining to beauty, taste, or the fine arts.
estimable        = Worthy of respect.
estrange      = To alienate.
estuary     = A wide lower part of a tidal river.
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et cetera Latin. And so forth.
eugenic        = Relating to the development and improvement of race.
eulogize      = To speak or write a laudation of a person's life or character.
eulogy     = A spoken or written laudation of a person's life or character.
euphemism     = A figure of speech by which a phrase less offensive is substituted.
euphonious        = Characterized by agreeableness of sound.
euphony     = Agreeableness of sound.
eureka Greek. I have found it.
evade      = To avoid by artifice.
evanesce      = To  anish gradually.
evanescent        = Fleeting.
evangelical        = Seeking the conversion of sinners.
evangelist     = A preacher who goes from place to place holding services.
evasion     = Escape.
eventual        = Ultimate.
evert      = To turn inside out.
evict      = To dispossess pursuant to judicial decree.
evidential        = Indicative.
evince      = To make manifest or evident.
evoke      = To call or summon forth.
evolution     = Development or growth.
evolve      = To unfold or expand.
exacerbate      = To make more sharp, severe, or  irulent.
exaggerate      = To overstate.
exasperate      = To excite great anger in.
excavate      = To remove by digging or scooping out.
exceed      = To go beyond, as in measure, quality,  alue, action, power, skill, etc.
excel      = To be superior or distinguished.
excellence     = Possession of eminently or unusually good qualities.
excellency     = A title of honor bestowed upon  arious high officials.
excellent        = Possessing distinguished merit.
excerpt     = An extract or selection from written or printed matter.
excess     = That which passes the ordinary, proper, or required limit, measure, or
experience.
excitable        = ervously high-strung.
excitation     = Intensified emotion or action.
exclamation     = An abrupt or emphatic expression of thought or of feeling.
exclude      = To shut out purposely or forcibly.
exclusion     = on-admission.
excrescence     = Any unnatural addition, outgrowth, or development.
excretion     = The getting rid of waste matter.
excruciate      = To inflict severe pain or agony upon.
excursion     = A journey.
excusable        = Justifiable.
execrable        = Abominable.
execration     = An accursed thing.
executor     = A person ominated by the will of another to execute the will.
exegesis     = Biblical exposition or interpretation.
exemplar     = A model, pattern, or original to be copied or imitated.
exemplary        = Fitted to serve as a model or example worthy of imitation.
exemplify      = To show by example.
exempt        = Free, clear, or released, as from some liability, or restriction affecting others.
exert      = To make an effort.
exhale      = To breathe forth.
exhaust      = To empty by draining off the contents.
exhaustible        = Causing or tending to cause exhaustion.
exhaustion     = Deprivation of strength or energy.
exhaustive        = Thorough and complete in execution.
exhilarate      = To fill with high or cheerful spirits.
exhume      = To dig out of the earth (what has been buried).
exigency     = A critical period or condition.
exigent        = Urgent.
existence     = Possession or continuance of being.
exit     = A way or passage out.
exodus     = A going forth or departure from a place or country, especially of many people.
exonerate      = To relieve or  indicate from accusation, imputation, or blame.
exorbitance     = Extravagance or enormity.
exorbitant        = Going beyond usual and proper limits.
exorcise      = To cast or drive out by religious or magical means.
exotic        = Foreign.
expand      = To increase in range or scope.
expanse     = A continuous area or stretch.
expansion     = Increase of amount, size, scope, or the like.
expatriate      = To drive from one's own country.
expect      = To look forward to as certain or probable.
expectancy     = The act or state of looking forward to as certain or probable.
expectorate      = To cough up and spit forth.
expediency     = Fitness to meet the requirements of a particular case.
expedient        = Contributing to personal   antage.
expedite      = To hasten the movement or progress of.
expeditious        = Speedy.
expend      = To spend.
expense     = The laying out or expending or money or other resources, as time or strength.
expiate      = To make satisfaction or amends for.
explicate      = To clear from involvement.
explicit        = Definite.
explode      = To cause to burst in pieces by force from within.
explosion     = A sudden and  iolent outbreak.
explosive        = Pertaining to a sudden and  iolent outbreak.
exposition     = Formal presentation.
expository        = Pertaining to a formal presentation.
expostulate      = To discuss.
exposure     = An open situation or position in relation to the sun, elements, or points of the
compass.
expressive        = Full of meaning.
expulsion     = Forcible ejection.
extant        = Still existing and known.
extemporaneous        = Done or made without much or any preparation.
extempore       = Without studied or special preparation.
extensible        = Capable of being thrust out.
extension     = A reaching or stretching out, as in space, time or scope.
extensive        = Extended widely in space, time, or scope.
extensor     = A muscle that causes extension.
extenuate      = To diminish the gravity or importance of.
exterior     = That which is outside.
external     = Anything relating or belonging to the outside.
extinct        = Being o longer in existence.
extinguish      = To render extinct.
extol      = To praise in the highest terms.
extort      = To obtain by  iolence, threats, compulsion, or the subjection of another to some
necessity.
extortion     = The practice of obtaining by  iolence or compulsion.
extradite      = To surrender the custody of.
extradition     = The surrender by a government of a person accused of crime to the justice
of another government.
extrajudicial        = Happening out of court.
extraneous        = Having o essential relation to a subject.
extraordinary        = Unusual.
extravagance     = Undue expenditure of money.
extravagant        = eedlessly free or lavish in expenditure.
extremist     = One who supports extreme measures or holds extreme  iews.
extremity     = The utmost point, side, or border, or that farthest removed from a mean
position.
extricate      = Disentangle.
extrude      = To drive out or away.
exuberance     = Rich supply.
exuberant        = Marked by great plentifulness.
fabricate      = To invent fancifully or falsely.
fabulous        = Incredible.
facet     = One of the small triangular plane surfaces of a diamond or other gem.
facetious        = Amusing.
facial        = Pertaining to the face.
facile        = ot difficult to do.
facilitate      = To make more easy.
facility     = Ease.
facsimile     = An exact copy or reproduction.
faction     = A umber of persons combined for a common purpose.
factious        = Turbulent.
fallacious        = Illogical.
fallacy     = Any unsound or delusive mode of reasoning, or anything based on such
reasoning.
fallible        = Capable of erring.
fallow     = Land broken up and left to become mellow or to rest.
famish      = To suffer extremity of hunger or thirst.
fanatic     = A religious zealot.
fancier     = One having a taste for or interest in special objects.
fanciless        = Unimaginative.
fastidious        = Hard to please.
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fathom     = A measure of length, 6 feet.
fatuous        = Idiotic
faulty        = Imperfect.
faun     = One of a class of deities of the woods and herds represented as half human, with
goats feet.
fawn     = A young deer.
fealty     = Loyalty.
feasible        = That may be done, performed, or effected; practicable.
federate      = To league together.
feint     = Any sham, pretense, or deceptive movement.
felicitate      = To wish joy or happiness to, especially in  iew of a coming event.
felicity     = A state of well-founded happiness.
felon     = A criminal or depraved person.
felonious        = Showing criminal or evil purpose.
felony     = One of the highest class of offenses, and punishable with death or imprisonment.
feminine        = Characteristic of woman or womankind.
fernery     = A place in which ferns are grown.
ferocious        = Of a wild, fierce, and savage ature.
ferocity     = Savageness.
fervent        = Ardent in feeling.
fervid        = Intense.
fervor     = Ardor or intensity of feeling.
festal        = Joyous.
festive        = Merry.
fete     = A festival or feast.
fetus     = The young in the womb or in the egg.
feudal        = Pertaining to the relation of lord and  assal.
feudalism     = The feudal system.
fez     = A brimless felt cap in the shape of a truncated cone, usually red with a black tassel.
fiasco     = A complete or humiliating failure.
fickle        = Unduly changeable in feeling, judgment, or purpose.
fictitious        = Created or formed by the imagination.
fidelity     = Loyalty.
fiducial        = Indicative of faith or trust.
fief     = A landed estate held under feudal tenure.
filibuster     = One who attempts to obstruct legislation.
finale     = Concluding performance.
finality     = The state or quality of being final or complete.
finally       = At last.
financial        = Monetary.
financier     = One skilled in or occupied with financial affairs or operations.
finery     = That which is used to decorate the person or dress.
finesse     = Subtle contrivance used to gain a point.
finite        = Limited.
fiscal        = Pertaining to the treasury or public finances of a government.
fishmonger     = One who sells fish.
fissure     = A crack or crack-like depression.
fitful        = Spasmodic.
fixture     = One who or that which is expected to remain permanently in its position.
flag-officer     = The captain of a flag-ship.
flagrant        = Openly scandalous.
flamboyant        = Characterized by extravagance and in general by want of good taste.
flatulence     = Accumulation of gas in the stomach and bowels.
flection     = The act of bending.
fledgling     = A young bird.
flexible        = Pliable.
flimsy        = Thin and weak.
flippant        = Having a light, pert, trifling disposition.
floe     = A collection of tabular masses of floating polar ice.
flora     = The aggregate of plants growing without cultivation in a district.
floral        = Pertaining to flowers.
florid        = Flushed with red.
florist     = A dealer in flowers.
fluctuate      = To pass backward and forward irregularly from one state or degree to another.
fluctuation     = Frequent irregular change back and forth from one state or degree to
another.
flue     = A smoke-duct in a chimney.
fluent        = Having a ready or easy flow of words or ideas.
fluential        = Pertaining to streams.
flux     = A state of constant movement, change, or renewal.
foggy        = Obscure.
foible     = A personal weakness or failing.
foist      = To palm off.
foliage     = Any growth of leaves.
folio     = A sheet of paper folded once, or of a size adapted to folding once.
folklore     = The traditions, beliefs, and customs of the common people.
fondle      = To handle tenderly and lovingly.
foolery     = Folly.
foot-note     = A ote of explanation or comment at the foot of a page or column.
foppery     = Dandyism.
foppish        = Characteristic of one who is unduly devoted to dress and the iceties of
manners.
forbearance     = Patient endurance or toleration of offenses.
forby       = Besides.
forcible        =  iolent.
forecourt     = A court opening directly from the street.
forejudge      = To judge of before hearing evidence.
forepeak     = The extreme forward part of a ship's hold, under the lowest deck.
foreshore     = That part of a shore uncovered at low tide.
forebode      = To be an omen or warning sign of, especially of evil.
forecast      = To predict.
forecastle     = That part of the upper deck of a ship forward of the after fore-shrouds.
foreclose      = To bar by judicial proceedings the equitable right of a mortgagor to redeem
property.
forefather     = An ancestor.
forego      = To deny oneself the pleasure or profit of.
foreground     = That part of a landscape or picture situated or represented as earest the
spectator.
forehead     = The upper part of the face, between the eyes and the hair.
foreign        = Belonging to, situated in, or derived from another country.
foreigner     = A citizen of a foreign country.
foreknowledge     = Prescience.
foreman     = The head man.
foreordain      = To predetermine.
foreordination     = Predestination.
forerun      = To go before as introducing or ushering in.
foresail     = A square sail.
foresee      = To discern beforehand.
foresight     = Provision against harm or eed.
foretell      = To predict.
forethought     = Premeditation.
forfeit      = To lose possession of through failure to fulfill some obligation.
forfend      = To ward off.
forgery     = Counterfeiting.
forgo      = To deny oneself.
formation     = Relative disposition of parts.
formidable        = Difficult to accomplish.
formula     = Fixed rule or set form.
forswear      = To renounce upon oath.
forte     = A strong point.
forth       = Into otice or  iew.
forthright       = With directness.
fortify      = To provide with defensive works.
fortitude     = Patient courage.
foursome        = Consisting of four.
fracture     = A break.
fragile        = Easily broken.
frailty     = Liability to be broken or destroyed.
fragile        = Capable of being broken.
frankincense     = A gum or resin which on burning yields aromatic fumes.
frantic        = Frenzied.
fraternal        = Brotherly.
fraudulence     = Deceitfulness.
fraudulent        = Counterfeit.
fray      = To fret at the edge so as to loosen or break the threads.
freemason     = A member of an ancient secret fraternity originally confined to skilled
artisans.
freethinker     = One who rejects authority or inspiration in religion.
free trade     = Commerce unrestricted by tariff or customs.
frequency     = The comparative umber of any kind of occurrences within a given time or space.
fresco     = The art of painting on a surface of plaster, particularly on walls and ceilings.
freshness     = The state, quality, or degree of being fresh.
fretful        = Disposed to peevishness.
frightful        = Apt to induce terror or alarm.
frigid        = Lacking warmth.
frigidarium     = A room kept at a low temperature for preserving fruits, meat, etc.
frivolity     = A trifling act, thought, saying, or practice.
frivolous        = Trivial.
5000 Collegiate Words with Brief Definitions – Amass an Ivy League  ocabulary!
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frizz      = To give a crinkled, fluffy appearance to.
frizzle      = To cause to crinkle or curl, as the hair.
frolicsome        = Prankish.
frontier     = The part of a ation's territory that abuts upon another country.
frowzy        = Slovenly in appearance.
frugal        = Economical.
fruition     = Fulfillment.
fugacious        = Fleeting.
fulcrum     = The support on or against which a lever rests, or the point about which it turns.
fulminate      = To cause to explode.
fulsome        = Offensive from excess of praise or commendation.
fumigate      = To subject to the action of smoke or fumes, especially for disinfection.
functionary     = An official.
fundamental        = Basal.
fungible        = That may be measured, counted, or weighed.
fungous        = Spongy.
fungus     = A plant destitute of chlorophyll, as a mushroom.
furbish      = To restore brightness or beauty to.
furlong     = A measure, one-eighth of a mile.
furlough     = A temporary absence of a soldier or sailor by permission of the commanding officer.
furrier     = A dealer in or maker of fur goods.
further        = More distant or   anced.
furtherance     =   ancement.
furtive        = Stealthy or sly, like the actions of a thief.
fuse      = To unite or blend as by melting together.
fusible        = Capable of being melted by heat.
futile        = Of o avail or effect.
futurist     = A person of expectant temperament.
gauge     = An instrument for measuring.
gaiety     = Festivity.
gaily       = Merrily.
gait     = Carriage of the body in going.
gallant        = Possessing a brave or chivalrous spirit.
galore        = Abundant.
galvanic        = Pertaining or relating to electricity produced by chemical action.
galvanism     = Current electricity, especially that arising from chemical action.
galvanize      = To imbue with life or animation.
gamble      = To risk money or other possession on an event, chance, or contingency.
gambol     = Playful leaping or frisking.
gamester     = A gambler.
gamut     = The whole range or sequence.
garnish      = In cookery, to surround with additions for embellishment.
garrison     = The military force stationed in a fort, town, or other place for its defense.
garrote      = To execute by strangling.
garrulous        = Given to constant trivial talking.
gaseous        = Light and unsubstantial.
gastric        = Of, pertaining to, or ear the stomach.
gastritis     = Inflammation of the stomach.
gastronomy     = The art of preparing and serving appetizing food.
gendarme     = In continental Europe, particularly in France, a uniformed and armed police officer.
genealogy     = A list, in the order of succession, of ancestors and their descendants.
genealogist     = A tracer of pedigrees.
generality     = The principal portion.
generalize      = To draw general inferences.
generally       = Ordinarily.
generate      = To produce or cause to be.
generic        = oting a genus or kind; opposed to specific.
generosity     = A disposition to give liberally or to bestow favors heartily.
genesis     = Creation.
geniality     = Warmth and kindliness of disposition.
genital        = Of or pertaining to the animal reproductive organs.
genitive        = Indicating source, origin, possession, or the like.
genteel        = Well-bred or refined.
gentile        = Belonging to a people ot Jewish.
geology     = The department of atural science that treats of the constitution and structure
of the earth.
germane        = Relevant.
germinate      = To begin to develop into an embryo or higher form.
gestation     = Pregnancy.
gesticulate      = To make gestures or motions, as in speaking, or in place of speech.
gesture     = A movement or action of the hands or face, expressive of some idea or emotion.
ghastly        = Hideous.
gibe      = To utter taunts or reproaches.
giddy        = Affected with a whirling or swimming sensation in the head.
gigantic        = Tremendous.
giver     = One who gives, in any sense.
glacial        = Icy, or icily cold.
glacier     = A field or stream of ice.
gladden      = To make joyous.
glazier     = One who cuts and fits panes of glass, as for windows.
glimmer     = A faint, wavering, unsteady light.
glimpse     = A momentary look.
globose        = Spherical.
globular        = Spherical.
glorious        = Of excellence and splendor.
glutinous        = Sticky.
gluttonous        = Given to excess in eating.
gnash      = To grind or strike the teeth together, as from rage.
Gordian knot     = Any difficulty the only issue out of which is by bold or unusual manners.
gourmand     = A connoisseur in the delicacies of the table.
gosling     = A young goose.
gossamer        = Flimsy.
gourd     = A melon, pumpkin, squash, or some similar fruit having a hard rind.
graceless        = Ungracious.
gradation     = A step, degree, rank, or relative position in an order or series.
gradient        = Moving or   ancing by steps.
granary     = A storehouse for grain after it is thrashed or husked.
grandeur     = The quality of being grand or admirably great.
grandiloquent        = Speaking in or characterized by a pompous or bombastic style.
grandiose        = Having an imposing style or effect.
grantee     = The person to whom property is transferred by deed.
grantor     = The maker of a deed.
granular        = Composed of small grains or particles.
granulate      = To form into grains or small particles.
granule     = A small grain or particle.
grapple      = To take hold of.
gratification     = Satisfaction.
gratify      = To please, as by satisfying a physical or mental desire or eed.
gratuitous        =  oluntarily.
gratuity     = That which is given without demand or claim. Tip.
gravity     = Seriousness.
gregarious        = ot habitually solitary or living alone.
grenadier     = A member of a regiment composed of men of great stature.
grief     = Sorrow.
grievance     = That which oppresses, injures, or causes grief and at the same time a sense
of wrong.
grievous        = Creating affliction.
grimace     = A distortion of the features, occasioned by some feeling of pain, disgust, etc.
grindstone     = A flat circular stone, used for sharpening tools.
grisly        = Fear-inspiring.
grotesque        = Incongruously composed or ill-proportioned.
grotto     = A small cavern.
ground     = A pavement or floor or any supporting surface on which one may walk.
guess     = Surmise.
guile     = Duplicity.
guileless        = Frank.
guinea     = An English monetary unit.
guise     = The external appearance as produced by garb or costume.
gullible        = Credulous.
gumption     = Common sense.
gusto     = Keen enjoyment.
guy     = Stay-rope.
guzzle      = To swallow greedily or hastily; gulp.
gynecocracy     = Female supremacy.
gynecology     = The science that treats of the functions and diseases peculiar to women.
gyrate      = To revolve.
gyroscope     = An instrument for illustrating the laws of rotation.
habitable        = Fit to be dwelt in.
habitant     = Dweller.
habitual        = According to usual practice.
habitude     = Customary relation or association.
hackney      = To make stale or trite by repetition.
haggard        = Worn and gaunt in appearance.
halcyon        = Calm.
hale        = Of sound and  igorous health.
handwriting     = Penmanship.
hanger-on     = A parasite.
happy-go-lucky        = Improvident.
5000 Collegiate Words with Brief Definitions – Amass an Ivy League  ocabulary!
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harangue     = A tirade.
harass      = To trouble with importunities, cares, or annoyances.
harbinger     = One who or that which foreruns and announces the coming of any person or thing.
hard-hearted        = Lacking pity or sympathy.
hardihood     = Foolish daring.
harmonious        = Concordant in sound.
havoc     = Devastation.
hawthorn     = A thorny shrub much used in England for hedges.
hazard     = Risk.
head first       = Precipitately, as in diving.
head foremost       = Precipitately, as in diving.
heartrending        =  ery depressing.
heathenish        = Irreligious.
heedless        = Thoughtless.
heifer     = A young cow.
heinous        = Odiously sinful.
hemorrhage     = Discharge of blood from a ruptured or wounded blood-vessel.
hemorrhoids     = pl. Tumors composed of enlarged and thickened blood-vessels, at the
lower end of the rectum.
henchman     = A servile assistant and subordinate.
henpeck      = To worry or harass by ill temper and petty annoyances.
heptagon     = A figure having seven sides and seven angles.
heptarchy     = A group of seven governments.
herbaceous        = Having the character of a herb.
herbarium     = A collection of dried plants scientifically arranged for study.
herbivorous        = Feeding on herbs or other  egetable matter, as animals.
hereditary        = Passing aturally from parent to child.
heredity     = Transmission of physical or mental qualities, diseases, etc., from parent to offspring.
heresy     = An opinion or doctrine subversive of settled beliefs or accepted principles.
heretic     = One who holds opinions contrary to the recognized standards or tenets of any philosophy.
heritage     = Birthright.
hernia     = Protrusion of any internal organ in whole or in part from its ormal position.
hesitancy     = A pausing to consider.
hesitant        =  acillating.
hesitation     =  acillation.
heterodox        = At  ariance with any commonly accepted doctrine or opinion.
heterogeneity     = Unlikeness of constituent parts.
heterogeneous        = Consisting of dissimilar elements or ingredients of different kinds.
heteromorphic        = Deviating from the ormal form or standard type.
hexangular        = Having six angles.
hexapod        = Having six feet.
hexagon     = A figure with six angles.
hiatus     = A break or  acancy where something ecessary to supply the connection is
wanting.
hibernal        = Pertaining to winter.
Hibernian        = Pertaining to Ireland, or its people.
hideous        = Appalling.
hilarious        = Boisterously merry.
hillock     = A small hill or mound.
hinder      = To obstruct.
hindmost        = Farthest from the front.
hindrance     = An obstacle.
hirsute        = Having a hairy covering.
hoard      = To gather and store away for the sake of accumulation.
hoarse        = Having the  oice harsh or rough, as from a cold or fatigue.
homage     = Reverential regard or worship.
homogeneity     = Congruity of the members or elements or parts.
homogeneous        = Made up of similar parts or elements.
homologous        = Identical in ature, make-up, or relation.
homonym     = A word agreeing in sound with but different in meaning from another.
homophone     = A word agreeing in sound with but different in meaning from another.
honorarium     = A token fee or payment to a professional man for services.
hoodwink      = To deceive.
horde     = A gathered multitude of human beings.
hosiery     = A stocking.
hospitable        = Disposed to treat strangers or guests with generous kindness.
hospitality     = The practice of receiving and entertaining strangers and guests with
kindness.
hostility     = Enmity.
huckster     = One who retails small wares.
humane        = Compassionate.
humanitarian     = A philanthropist.
humanize      = To make gentle or refined.
humbug     = Anything intended or calculated to deceive or mislead.
humiliate      = To put to shame.
hussar     = A light-horse trooper armed with saber and carbine.
hustle      = To move with haste and promptness.
hybrid        = Cross-bred.
hydra     = The seven- or ine-headed water-serpent slain by Hercules.
hydraulic        = Involving the moving of water, of the force exerted by water in motion.
hydrodynamics     = The branch of mechanics that treats of the dynamics of fluids.
hydroelectric        = Pertaining to electricity developed water or steam.
hydromechanics     = The mechanics of fluids.
hydrometer     = An instrument for determining the density of solids and liquids by flotation.
hydrostatics     = The branch of science that treats of the pressure and equilibrium of fluids.
hydrous        = Watery.
hygiene     = The branch of medical science that relates to improving health.
hypercritical        = Faultfinding.
hypnosis     = An artificial trance-sleep.
hypnotic        = Tending to produce sleep.
hypnotism     = An artificially induced somnambulistic state in which the mind readily acts on
suggestion.
hypnotize      = To produce a somnambulistic state in which the mind readily acts on suggestions.
hypocrisy     = Extreme insincerity.
hypocrite     = One who makes false professions of his  iews or beliefs.
hypodermic        = Pertaining to the area under the skin.
hypotenuse     = The side of a right-angled triangle opposite the right angle.
hypothesis     = A proposition taken for granted as a premise from which to reach a
conclusion.
hysteria     = A ervous affection occurring typically in paroxysms of laughing and crying.
ichthyic        = Fish-like.
ichthyology     = The branch of zoology that treats of fishes.
ichthyosaurs     = A fossil reptile.
icily       = Frigidly.
iciness     = The state of being icy.
icon     = An image or likeness.
iconoclast     = An image-breaker.
idealize      = To make to conform to some mental or imaginary standard.
idiom     = A use of words peculiar to a particular language.
idiosyncrasy     = A mental quality or habit peculiar to an individual.
idolize      = To regard with inordinate love or admiration.
ignoble        = Low in character or purpose.
ignominious        = Shameful.
Iliad     = A Greek epic poem describing scenes from the siege of Troy.
illegal        = ot according to law.
illegible        = Undecipherable.
illegitimate        = Unlawfully begotten.
illiberal        = Stingy.
illicit        = Unlawful.
illimitable        = Boundless.
illiterate        = Having little or o book-learning.
ill-natured        = Surly.
illogical        = Contrary to the rules of sound thought.
illuminant     = That which may be used to produce light.
illuminate      = To supply with light.
illumine      = To make bright or clear.
illusion     = An unreal image presented to the senses.
illusive        = Deceptive.
illusory        = Deceiving or tending to deceive, as by false appearance.
imaginable        = That can be imagined or conceived in the mind.
imaginary        = Fancied.
imbibe      = To drink or take in.
imbroglio     = A misunderstanding attended by ill feeling, perplexity, or strife.
imbrue      = To wet or moisten.
imitation     = That which is made as a likeness or copy.
imitator     = One who makes in imitation.
immaculate        = Without spot or blemish.
immaterial        = Of o essential consequence.
immature        = ot full-grown.
immeasurable        = Indefinitely extensive.
immense        =  ery great in degree, extent, size, or quantity.
immerse      = To plunge or dip entirely under water or other fluid.
immersion     = The act of plunging or dipping entirely under water or another fluid.
immigrant     = A foreigner who enters a country to settle there.
immigrate      = To come into a country or region from a former habitat.
imminence     = Impending evil or danger.
imminent        = Dangerous and close at hand.
immiscible        = Separating, as oil and water.
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immoral        = Habitually engaged in licentious or lewd practices.
immortalize      = To cause to last or to be known or remembered throughout a great or
indefinite length of time.
immovable        = Steadfast.
immune        = Exempt, as from disease.
immutable        = Unchangeable.
impair      = To cause to become less or worse.
impalpable        = Imperceptible to the touch.
impartial        = Unbiased.
impassable        = That can ot be passed through or over.
impassible        = ot moved or affected by feeling.
impassive        = Unmoved by or ot exhibiting feeling.
impatience     = Unwillingness to brook delays or wait the atural course of things.
impeccable        = Blameless.
impecunious        = Having o money.
impede      = To be an obstacle or to place obstacles in the way of.
impel      = To drive or urge forward.
impend      = To be imminent.
imperative        = Obligatory.
imperceptible        = Indiscernible.
imperfectible        = That can ot be perfected.
imperil      = To endanger.
imperious        = Insisting on obedience.
impermissible        = ot permissible.
impersonal        = ot relating to a particular person or thing.
impersonate      = To appear or act in the character of.
impersuadable        = Unyielding.
impertinence     = Rudeness.
imperturbable        = Calm.
impervious        = Impenetrable.
impetuosity     = Rashness.
impetuous        = Impulsive.
impetus     = Any impulse or incentive.
impiety     = Irreverence toward God.
impious        = Characterized by irreverence or irreligion.
implausible        = ot plausible.
impliable        = Capable of being inferred.
implicate      = To show or prove to be involved in or concerned
implicit        = Implied.
imply      = To signify.
impolitic        = Inexpedient.
importation     = The act or practice of bringing from one country into another.
importunate        = Urgent in character, request, or demand.
importune      = To harass with persistent demands or entreaties.
impotent        = Destitute of or lacking in power, physical, moral, or intellectual.
impoverish      = To make indigent or poor.
impracticable        = ot feasible.
impregnable        = That can ot be taken by assault.
impregnate      = To make pregnant.
impromptu     = Anything done or said on the impulse of the moment.
improper        = ot appropriate, suitable, or becoming.
impropriety     = The state or quality of being unfit, unseemly, or inappropriate.
improvident        = Lacking foresight or thrift.
improvise      = To do anything extemporaneously or offhand.
imprudent        = Heedless.
impudence     = Insolent disrespect.
impugn      = To assail with arguments, insinuations, or accusations.
impulsion     = Impetus.
impulsive        = Unpremeditated.
impunity     = Freedom from punishment.
impure        = Tainted.
impute      = To attribute.
inaccessible        = Difficult of approach.
inaccurate        = ot exactly according to the facts.
inactive        = Inert.
inadequate        = Insufficient.
inadmissible        = ot to be approved, considered, or allowed, as testimony.
inadvertent        = Accidental.
inadvisable        = Unadvisable.
inane        = Silly.
inanimate        = Destitute of animal life.
inapprehensible        = ot to be understood.
inapt        = Awkward or slow.
inarticulate        = Speechless.
inaudible        = That can ot be heard.
inborn        = Implanted by ature.
inbred        = Innate.
incandescence     = The state of being white or glowing with heat.
incandescent        = White or glowing with heat.
incapacitate      = To deprive of power, capacity, competency, or qualification.
incapacity     = Want of power to apprehend, understand, and manage.
incarcerate      = To imprison.
incendiary     = Chemical or person who starts a fire-literally or figuratively.
incentive     = That which moves the mind or inflames the passions.
inception     = The beginning.
inceptive        = Beginning.
incessant        = Unceasing.
inchmeal       = Piecemeal.
inchoate        = Incipient.
inchoative     = That which begins, or expresses beginning.
incidence     = Casual occurrence.
incident     = A happening in general, especially one of little importance.
incidentally       = Without intention.
incinerate      = To reduce to ashes.
incipience     = Beginning.
incipient        = Initial.
incisor     = A front or cutting tooth.
incite      = To rouse to a particular action.
incitement     = That which moves to action, or serves as an incentive or stimulus.
incoercible        = Incapable of being forced, constrained, or compelled.
incoherence     = Want of connection, or agreement, as of parts or ideas in thought, speech, etc.
incoherent        = ot logically coordinated, as to parts, elements, or details.
incombustible        = That can ot be burned.
incomparable        = Matchless.
incompatible        = Discordant.
incompetence     = General lack of capacity or fitness.
incompetent        = ot having the abilities desired or ecessary for any purpose.
incomplete        = Lacking some element, part, or    unct ecessary or required.
incomprehensible        = ot understandable.
incompressible        = Resisting all attempts to reduce  olume by pressure.
inconceivable        = Incomprehensible.
incongruous        = Unsuitable for the time, place, or occasion.
inconsequential        =  alueless.
inconsiderable        = Small in quantity or importance.
inconsistent        = Contradictory.
inconstant        = Changeable.
incontrovertible        = Indisputable.
inconvenient        = Interfering with comfort or progress.
indefensible        = Untenable.
indefinitely       = In a  ague or uncertain way.
indelible        = That can ot be blotted out, effaced, destroyed, or removed.
indescribable        = That can ot be described.
indestructible        = That can ot be destroyed.
indicant        = That which points out.
indicator     = One who or that which points out.
indict      = To find and declare chargeable with crime.
indigence     = Poverty.
indigenous        = ative.
indigent        = Poor.
indigestible        = ot digestible, or difficult to digest.
indigestion     = Difficulty or failure in the alimentary canal in changing food into absorptive
nutriment.
indignant        = Having such anger and scorn as is aroused by meanness or wickedness.
indignity     = Unmerited contemptuous conduct or treatment.
indiscernible        = ot perceptible.
indiscreet        = Lacking wise judgment.
indiscriminate        = Promiscuous.
indispensable        = ecessary or requisite for the purpose.
indistinct        =  ague.
indivertible        = That can ot be turned aside.
indivisible        = ot separable into parts.
indolence     = Laziness.
indolent        = Habitually inactive or idle.
indomitable        = Unconquerable.
induct      = To bring in.
indulgence     = The yielding to inclination, passion, desire, or propensity in oneself or
another.
indulgent        = Yielding to the desires or humor of oneself or those under one's care.
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inebriate      = To intoxicate.
inedible        = ot good for food.
ineffable        = Unutterable.
inefficient        = ot accomplishing an intended purpose.
inefficiency     = That which does ot accomplish an intended purpose.
ineligible        = ot suitable to be selected or chosen.
inept        = ot fit or suitable.
inert        = Inanimate.
inestimable        = Above price.
inevitable        = Unavoidable.
inexcusable        = ot to be justified.
inexhaustible        = So large or furnishing so great a supply as ot to be emptied, wasted,
or spent.
inexorable        = Unrelenting.
inexpedient        = Unadvisable.
inexpensive        = Low-priced.
inexperience     = Lack of or deficiency in experience.
inexplicable        = Such as can ot be made plain.
inexpressible        = Unutterable.
inextensible        = Of unchangeable length or area.
infallible        = Exempt from error of judgment, as in opinion or statement.
infamous        = Publicly branded or otorious, as for  ice, or crime.
infamy     = Total loss or destitution of honor or reputation.
inference     = The derivation of a judgment from any given material of knowledge on the
ground of law.
infernal        = Akin to or befitting hell or its occupants.
infest      = To be present in such umbers as to be a source of annoyance, trouble, or
danger.
infidel     = One who denies the existence of God.
infidelity     = Disloyalty.
infinite        = Measureless.
infinity     = Boundless or immeasurable extension or duration.
infirm        = Lacking in bodily or mental strength.
infirmary     = A place for the reception or treatment of the sick.
infirmity     = A physical, mental, or moral weakness or flaw.
inflammable        = Easily set on fire or excited.
inflammation     = A morbid process in some part of the body characterized by heat,
swelling, and pain.
inflexible        = That can ot be altered or  aried.
influence     = Ability to sway the will of another.
influential        = Having the power to sway the will of another.
influx     = Infusion.
infrequence     = Rareness.
infrequent        = Uncommon.
infringe      = To trespass upon.
infuse      = To instill, introduce, or inculcate, as principles or qualities.
infusion     = The act of imbuing, or pouring in.
ingenious        = Evincing skill, originality, or cleverness, as in contrivance or arrangement.
ingenuity     = Cleverness in contriving, combining, or originating.
ingenuous        = Candid, frank, or open in character or quality.
inglorious        = Shameful.
ingraft      = To set or implant deeply and firmly.
ingratiate      = To win confidence or good graces for oneself.
ingratitude     = Insensibility to kindness.
ingredient     = Component.
inherence     = The state of being permanently existing in something.
inherent        = Intrinsic.
inhibit      = To hold back or in.
inhospitable        = ot disposed to entertain strangers gratuitously.
inhuman        = Savage.
inhume      = To place in the earth, as a dead body.
inimical        =   erse.
iniquity     = Gross wrong or injustice.
initiate      = To perform the first act or rite.
inject      = To introduce, as a fluid, by injection.
injunction     = Mandate.
inkling     = A hint.
inland        = Remote from the sea.
inlet     = A small body of water leading into a larger.
inmost        = Deepest within.
innocuous        = Harmless.
innovate      = To introduce or strive to introduce ew things.
innuendo     = Insinuation.
innumerable        = Countless.
inoffensive        = Causing othing displeasing or disturbing.
inopportune        = Unsuitable or inconvenient, especially as to time.
inquire      = To ask information about.
inquisition     = A court or tribunal for examination and punishment of heretics.
inquisitive        = Given to questioning, especially out of curiosity.
inquisitor     = One who makes an investigation.
inroad     = Forcible encroachment or trespass.
insatiable        = That desires or craves immoderately or unappeasably.
inscribe      = To enter in a book, or on a list, roll, or document, by writing.
inscrutable        = Impenetrably mysterious or profound.
insecure        = ot assured of safety.
insensible        = Imperceptible.
insentient        = Lacking the power of feeling or perceiving.
inseparable        = That can ot be separated.
insidious        = Working ill by slow and stealthy means.
insight     = Intellectual discernment.
insignificance     = Lack of import or of importance.
insignificant        = Without importance, force, or influence.
insinuate      = To imply.
insipid        = Tasteless.
insistence     = Urgency.
insistent        = Urgent.
insolence     = Pride or haughtiness exhibited in contemptuous and overbearing treatment of
others.
insolent        = Impudent.
insomnia     = Sleeplessness.
inspector     = An official appointed to examine or oversee any matter of public interest or
importance.
instance     = A single occurrence or happening of a given kind.
instant     = A  ery brief portion of time.
instantaneous        = Done without perceptible lapse of time.
instigate      = To provoke.
instigator     = One who incites to evil.
instill      = To infuse.
instructive        = Conveying knowledge.
insufficiency     = Inadequacy.
insufficient        = Inadequate for some eed, purpose, or use.
insular        = Pertaining to an island.
insulate      = To place in a detached state or situation.
insuperable        = Invincible.
insuppressible        = Incapable of being concealed.
insurgence     = Uprising.
insurgent     = One who takes part in forcible opposition to the constituted authorities of a
place.
insurrection     = The state of being in active resistance to authority.
intangible        = ot perceptible to the touch.
integrity     = Uprightness of character and soundness of moral principle.
intellect     = The faculty of perception or thought.
intellectual        = Characterized by intelligence.
intelligence     = Capacity to know or understand.
intelligible        = Comprehensible.
intemperance     = Immoderate action or indulgence, as of the appetites.
intension     = The act of stringing or stretching, or state of being strained.
intensive        = Adding emphasis or force.
intention     = That upon which the mind is set.
interact      = To act reciprocally.
intercede      = To mediate between persons.
intercept      = To interrupt the course of.
intercession     = Entreaty in behalf of others.
intercessor     = A mediator.
interdict     = Authoritative act of prohibition.
interim     = Time between acts or periods.
interlocutor     = One who takes part in a conversation or oral discussion.
interlude     = An action or event considered as coming between others of greater length.
intermediate        = Being in a middle place or degree or between extremes.
interminable        = Having o limit or end.
intermission     = A recess.
intermit      = To cause to cease temporarily.
intermittent        = A temporary discontinuance.
interpolation     =  erbal interference.
interpose      = To come between other things or persons.
interposition     = A coming between.
interpreter     = A person who makes intelligible the speech of a foreigner by oral translation.
interrogate      = To examine formally by questioning.
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interrogative        = Having the ature or form of a question.
interrogatory     = A question or inquiry.
interrupt      = To stop while in progress.
intersect      = To cut through or into so as to divide.
intervale     = A low tract of land between hills, especially along a river.
intervene      = To interfere for some end.
intestacy     = The condition resulting from one's dying ot having made a  alid will.
intestate        = ot having made a  alid will.
intestine     = That part of the digestive tube below or behind the stomach, extending to the
anus.
intimacy     = Close or confidential friendship.
intimidate      = To cause to become frightened.
intolerable        = Insufferable.
intolerance     = Inability or unwillingness to bear or endure.
intolerant        = Bigoted.
intoxicant     = Anything that unduly exhilarates or excites.
intoxicate      = To make drunk.
intracellular        = Occurring or situated within a cell.
intramural        = Situated within the walls of a city.
intrepid        = Fearless and bold.
intricacy     = Perplexity.
intricate        = Difficult to follow or understand.
intrigue     = A plot or scheme, usually complicated and intended to accomplish something
by secret ways.
intrinsic        = Inherent.
introductory        = Preliminary.
introgression     = Entrance.
intromit      = To insert.
introspect      = To look into.
introspection     = The act of observing and analyzing one's own thoughts and feelings.
introversion     = The act of turning or directing inward, physically or mentally.
introvert      = To turn within.
intrude      = To come in without leave or license.
intrusion     = The act of entering without warrant or invitation; encroachment.
intuition     = Instinctive knowledge or feeling.
inundate      = To fill with an overflowing abundance.
inundation     = Flood.
inure      = To harden or toughen by use, exercise, or exposure.
invalid        = Having o force, weight, or cogency.
invalid     = One who is disabled by illness or injury.
invalidate      = To render of o force or effect.
invaluable        = Exceedingly precious.
invariable        = Unchangeable.
invasion     = Encroachment, as by an act of intrusion or trespass.
invective     = An utterance intended to cast censure, or reproach.
inveigh      = To utter  ehement censure or invective.
inventive        = Quick at contrivance.
inverse        = Contrary in tendency or direction.
inversion     = Change of order so that the first shall become last and the last first.
invert      = To turn inside out, upside down, or in opposite direction.
investigator     = One who investigates.
investor     = One who invests money.
inveterate        = Habitual.
invidious        = Showing or feeling envy.
invigorate      = To animate.
invincible        = ot to be conquered, subdued, or overcome.
inviolable        = Incapable of being injured or disturbed.
invoke      = To call on for assistance or protection.
involuntary        = Unwilling.
involution     = Complication.
involve      = To draw into entanglement, literally or figuratively.
invulnerable        = That can ot be wounded or hurt.
inwardly       = With o outward manifestation.
iota     = A small or insignificant mark or part.
irascible        = Prone to anger.
irate        = Moved to anger.
ire     = Wrath.
iridescence     = A many-colored appearance.
iridescent        = Exhibiting changing rainbow-colors due to the interference of the light.
irk      = To afflict with pain,  exation, or fatigue.
irksome        = Wearisome.
irony     = Censure or ridicule under cover of praise or compliment.
irradiance     = Luster.
irradiate      = To render clear and intelligible.
irrational        = ot possessed of reasoning powers or understanding.
irreducible        = That can ot be lessened.
irrefragable        = That can ot be refuted or disproved.
irrefrangible        = That can ot be broken or  iolated.
irrelevant        = Inapplicable.
irreligious        = Indifferent or opposed to religion.
irreparable        = That can ot be rectified or made amends for.
irrepressible        = That can ot be restrained or kept down.
irresistible        = That can ot be successfully withstood or opposed.
irresponsible        = Careless of or unable to meet responsibilities.
irreverence     = The quality showing or expressing a deficiency of  eneration, especially for
sacred things.
irreverent        = Showing or expressing a deficiency of  eneration, especially for sacred
things.
irreverential        = Showing or expressing a deficiency of  eneration, especially for sacred
things.
irreversible        = Irrevocable.
irrigant        = Serving to water lands by artificial means.
irrigate      = To water, as land, by ditches or other artificial means.
irritable        = Showing impatience or ill temper on little provocation.
irritancy     = The quality of producing  exation.
irritant     = A mechanical, chemical, or pathological agent of inflammation, pain, or tension.
irritate      = To excite ill temper or impatience in.
irruption     = Sudden invasion.
isle     = An island.
islet     = A little island.
isobar     = A line joining points at which the barometric pressure is the same at a specified
moment.
isochronous        = Relating to or denoting equal intervals of time.
isolate      = To separate from others of its kind.
isothermal        = Having or marking equality of temperature.
itinerant        = Wandering.
itinerary     = A detailed account or diary of a journey.
itinerate      = To wander from place to place.
jargon     = Confused, unintelligible speech or highly technical speech.
jaundice     = A morbid condition, due to obstructed excretion of bile or characterized by
yellowing of the skin.
jeopardize      = To imperil.
Jingo     = One of a party in Great Britain in favor of spirited and demonstrative foreign policy.
jocose        = Done or made in jest.
jocular        = Inclined to joke.
joggle     = A sudden irregular shake or a push causing such a shake.
journalize      = To keep a diary.
jovial        = Merry.
jubilation     = Exultation.
judgment     = The faculty by the exercise of which a deliberate conclusion is reached.
judicature     = Distribution and administration of justice by trial and judgment.
judicial        = Pertaining to the administration of justice.
judiciary     = That department of government which administers the law relating to civil and
criminal justice.
judicious        = Prudent.
juggle      = To play tricks of sleight of hand.
jugglery     = The art or practice of sleight of hand.
jugular        = Pertaining to the throat.
juicy        = Succulent.
junction     = The condition of being joined.
juncture     = An articulation, joint, or seam.
junta     = A council or assembly that deliberates in secret upon the affairs of government.
juridical        = Assumed by law to exist.
jurisdiction     = Lawful power or right to exercise official authority.
jurisprudence     = The science of rights in accordance with positive law.
juror     = One who serves on a jury or is sworn in for jury duty in a court of justice.
joust      = To engage in a tilt with lances on horseback.
justification     =  indication.
juvenile        = Characteristic of youth.
juxtapose      = To place close together.
keepsake     = Anything kept or given to be kept for the sake of the giver.
kerchief     = A square of linen, silk, or other material, used as a covering for the head or
neck.
kernel     = A grain or seed.
kiln     = An oven or furnace for baking, burning, or drying industrial products.
kiloliter     = One thousand liters.
kilometer     = A length of 1,000 meters.
kilowatt     = One thousand watts.
5000 Collegiate Words with Brief Definitions – Amass an Ivy League  ocabulary!
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kimono     = A loose robe, fastening with a sash, the principal outer garment in Japan.
kind-hearted        = Having a kind and sympathetic ature.
kingling     = A petty king.
kingship     = Royal state.
kinsfolk     = pl. Relatives.
knavery     = Deceitfulness in dealing.
knead      = To mix and work into a homogeneous mass, especially with the hands.
knickknack     = A small article, more for ornament that use.
knight errant     = One of the wandering knights who in the middle ages went forth in search
of   enture.
knighthood     = Chivalry.
laborious        = Toilsome.
labyrinth     = A maze.
lacerate      = To tear rudely or raggedly.
lackadaisical        = Listless.
lactation     = The secretion of milk.
lacteal        = Milky.
lactic        = Pertaining to milk.
laddie     = A lad.
ladle     = A cup-shaped  essel with a long handle, intended for dipping up and pouring
liquids.
laggard        = Falling behind.
landholder     = Landowner.
landlord     = A man who owns and lets a tenement or tenements.
landmark     = A familiar object in the landscape serving as a guide to an area otherwise
easily lost track of.
landscape     = A rural  iew, especially one of picturesque effect, as seen from a distance or
an elevation.
languid        = Relaxed.
languor     = Lassitude of body or depression.
lapse     = A slight deviation from what is right, proper, or just.
lascivious        = Lustful.
lassie     = A little lass.
latent        = Dormant.
latency     = The state of being dormant.
later       = At a subsequent time.
lateral        = Directed toward the side.
latish        = Rather late.
lattice     = Openwork of metal or wood, formed by crossing or interlacing strips or bars.
laud      = To praise in words or song.
laudable        = Praiseworthy.
laudation     = High praise.
laudatory        = Pertaining to, expressing, or containing praise.
laundress     = Washerwoman.
laureate        = Crowned with laurel, as a mark of distinction.
lave      = To wash or bathe.
lawgiver     = A legislator.
lawmaker     = A legislator.
lax        = ot stringent or energetic.
laxative        = Having power to open or loosen the bowels.
lea     = A field.
leaflet     = A little leaf or a booklet.
leaven      = To make light by fermentation, as dough.
leeward     = That side or direction toward which the wind blows.
left-handed        = Using the left hand or arm more dexterously than the right.
legacy     = A bequest.
legalize      = To give the authority of law to.
legging     = A covering for the leg.
legible        = That may be read with ease.
legionary     = A member of an ancient Roman legion or of the modern French Legion of
Honor.
legislate      = To make or enact a law or laws.
legislative        = That makes or enacts laws.
legislator     = A lawgiver.
legitimacy     = Accordance with law.
legitimate        = Having the sanction of law or established custom.
leisure     = Spare time.
leniency     = Forbearance.
lenient        = ot harsh.
leonine        = Like a lion.
lethargy     = Prolonged sluggishness of body or mind.
levee     = An embankment beside a river or stream or an arm of the sea, to prevent overflow.
lever     = That which exerts, or through which one may exert great power.
leviathan     = Any large animal, as a whale.
levity     = Frivolity.
levy      = To impose and collect by force or threat of force.
lewd        = Characterized by lust or lasciviousness.
lexicographer     = One who makes dictionaries.
lexicography     = The making of dictionaries.
lexicon     = A dictionary.
liable        = Justly or legally responsible.
libel     = Defamation.
liberalism     = Opposition to conservatism.
liberate      = To set free or release from bondage.
licentious        = Wanton.
licit        = Lawful.
liege        = Sovereign.
lien     = A legal claim or hold on property, as security for a debt or charge.
lieu     = Stead.
lifelike        = Realistic.
lifelong        = Lasting or continuous through life.
lifetime     = The time that life continues.
ligament     = That which binds objects together.
ligature     = Anything that constricts, or serves for binding or tying.
light-hearted        = Free from care.
ligneous        = Having the texture of appearance of wood.
likelihood     = A probability.
likely        = Plausible.
liking     = Fondness.
limitation     = A restriction.
linear        = Of the ature of a line.
liner     = A  essel belonging to a steamship-line.
lingo     = Language.
lingua     = The tongue.
lingual        = Pertaining to the use of the tongue in utterance.
linguist     = One who is acquainted with several languages.
linguistics     = The science of languages, or of the origin, history, and significance of words.
liniment     = A liquid preparation for rubbing on the skin in cases of bruises, inflammation,
etc.
liquefacient        = Possessing a liquefying ature or power.
liquefy      = To convert into a liquid or into liquid form.
liqueur     = An alcoholic cordial sweetened and flavored with aromatic substances.
liquidate      = To deliver the amount or  alue of.
liquor     = Any alcoholic or intoxicating liquid.
listless        = Inattentive.
literacy     = The state or condition of knowing how to read and write.
literal        = Following the exact words.
literature     = The written or printed productions of the human mind collectively.
lithe        = Supple.
lithesome        = imble.
lithograph     = A print made by printing from stone.
lithotype     = In engraving, an etched stone surface for printing.
litigant     = A party to a lawsuit.
litigate      = To cause to become the subject-matter of a suit at law.
litigious        = Quarrelsome.
littoral        = Of, pertaining to, or living on a shore.
liturgy     = A ritual.
livelihood     = Means of subsistence.
livid        = Black-and-blue, as contused flesh.
loam     = A on-coherent mixture of sand and clay.
loath        = Averse.
loathe      = To abominate.
locative        = Indicating place, or the place where or wherein an action occurs.
loch     = A lake.
locomotion     = The act or power of moving from one place to another.
lode     = A somewhat continuous unstratified metal- bearing  ein.
lodgment     = The act of furnishing with temporary quarters.
logic     = The science of correct thinking.
logical        = Capable of or characterized by clear reasoning.
logician     = An expert reasoner.
loiterer     = One who consumes time idly.
loneliness     = Solitude.
longevity     = Unusually prolonged life.
loot      = To plunder.
loquacious        = Talkative.
lordling     = A little lord.
lough     = A lake or loch.
louse     = A small insect parasitic on and sucking the blood of mammals.
5000 Collegiate Words with Brief Definitions – Amass an Ivy League  ocabulary!
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lovable        = Amiable.
low-spirited        = Despondent.
lowly       = Rudely.
lucid        = Mentally sound.
lucrative        = Highly profitable.
ludicrous        = Laughable.
luminary     = One of the heavenly bodies as a source of light.
luminescent        = Showing increase of light.
luminescence     = Showing increase.
luminosity     = The quality of giving or radiating light.
luminous        = Giving or radiating light.
lunacy     = Mental unsoundness.
lunar        = Pertaining to the moon.
lunatic     = An insane person.
lune     = The moon.
lurid        = Ghastly and sensational.
luscious        = Rich, sweet, and delicious.
lustrous        = Shining.
luxuriance     = Excessive or superfluous growth or quantity.
luxuriant        = Abundant or superabundant in growth.
luxuriate      = To live sumptuously.
lying     = Untruthfulness.
lyre     = One of the most ancient of stringed instruments of the harp class.
lyric        = Fitted for expression in song.
macadamize      = To cover or pave, as a path or roadway, with small broken stone.
machinery     = The parts of a machine or engine, taken collectively.
machinist     = One who makes or repairs machines, or uses metal-working tools.
macrocosm     = The whole of any sphere or department of ature or knowledge to which
man is related.
madden      = To inflame with passion.
Madonna     = A painted or sculptured representation of the  irgin, usually with the infant
Jesus.
magician     = A sorcerer.
magisterial        = Having an air of authority.
magistracy     = The office or dignity of a magistrate.
magnanimous        = Generous in treating or judging others.
magnate     = A person of rank or importance.
magnet     = A body possessing that peculiar form of polarity found in ature in the
lodestone.
magnetize      = To make a magnet of, permanently, or temporarily.
magnificence     = The exhibition of greatness of action, character, intellect, wealth, or
power.
magnificent        = Grand or majestic in appearance, quality, or action.
magnitude     = Importance.
maharaja     = A great Hindu prince.
maidenhood     =  irginity.
maintain      = To hold or preserve in any particular state or condition.
maintenance     = That which supports or sustains.
maize     = Indian corn: usually in the United States called simply corn.
makeup     = The arrangements or combination of the parts of which anything is composed.
malady     = Any physical disease or disorder, especially a chronic or deep-seated one.
malaria     = A fever characterized by alternating chills, fever, and sweating.
malcontent     = One who is dissatisfied with the existing state of affairs.
malediction     = The calling down of a curse or curses.
malefactor     = One who injures another.
maleficent        = Mischievous.
malevolence     = Ill will.
malevolent        = Wishing evil to others.
malign      = To speak evil of, especially to do so falsely and severely.
malignant        = Evil in ature or tending to do great harm or mischief.
malleable        = Pliant.
mallet     = A wooden hammer.
maltreat      = To treat ill, unkindly, roughly, or abusively.
man-trap     = A place or structure dangerous to human life.
mandate     = A command.
mandatory        = Expressive of positive command, as distinguished from merely directory.
mane     = The long hair growing upon and about the eck of certain animals, as the horse
and the lion.
man-eater     = An animal that devours human beings.
maneuver      = To make adroit or artful moves: manage affairs by strategy.
mania     = Insanity.
maniac     = a person raving with madness.
manifesto     = A public declaration, making announcement, explanation or defense of
intentions, or motives.
manlike        = Like a man.
manliness     = The qualities characteristic of a true man, as bravery, resolution, etc.
mannerism     = Constant or excessive adherence to one manner, style, or peculiarity, as of
action or conduct.
manor     = The landed estate of a lord or obleman.
mantel     = The facing, sometimes richly ornamented, about a fireplace, including the usual
shelf above it.
mantle     = A cloak.
manufacturer     = A person engaged in manufacturing as a business.
manumission     = Emancipation.
manumit      = To set free from bondage.
marine        = Of or pertaining to the sea or matters connected with the sea.
maritime        = Situated on or ear the sea.
maroon      = To put ashore and abandon (a person) on a desolate coast or island.
martial        = Pertaining to war or military operations.
Martian        = Pertaining to Mars, either the Roman god of war or the planet.
martyrdom     = Submission to death or persecution for the sake of faith or principle.
marvel      = To be astonished and perplexed because of (something).
masonry     = The art or work of constructing, as buildings, walls, etc., with regularly
arranged stones.
masquerade     = A social party composed of persons masked and costumed so as to be
disguised.
massacre     = The unnecessary and indiscriminate killing of human beings.
massive        = Of considerable bulk and weight.
masterpiece     = A superior production.
mastery     = The attainment of superior skill.
material     = That of which anything is composed or may be constructed.
materialize      = To take perceptible or substantial form.
maternal        = Pertaining or peculiar to a mother or to motherhood.
matinee     = An entertainment (especially theatrical) held in the daytime.
matricide     = The killing, especially the murdering, of one's mother.
matrimony     = The union of a man and a woman in marriage.
matrix     = That which contains and gives shape or form to anything.
matter of fact     = Something that has actual and undeniable existence or reality.
maudlin        = Foolishly and tearfully affectionate.
mausoleum     = A tomb of more than ordinary size or architectural pretensions.
mawkish        = Sickening or insipid.
maxim     = A principle accepted as true and acted on as a rule or guide.
maze     = A labyrinth.
mead     = A meadow.
meager        = scanty.
mealy-mouthed        = Afraid to express facts or opinions plainly.
meander      = To wind and turn while proceeding in a course.
mechanics     = The branch of physics that treats the phenomena caused by the action of
forces.
medallion     = A large medal.
meddlesome        = Interfering.
medial        = Of or pertaining to the middle.
mediate      = To effect by egotiating as an agent between parties.
medicine     = A substance possessing or reputed to possess curative or remedial properties.
medieval        = Belonging or relating to or descriptive of the middle ages.
mediocre        = Ordinary.
meditation     = The turning or revolving of a subject in the mind.
medley     = A composition of different songs or parts of songs arranged to run as a continuous
whole.
meliorate      = To make better or improve, as in quality or social or physical condition.
mellifluous        = Sweetly or smoothly flowing.
melodious        = Characterized by a sweet succession of sounds.
melodrama     = A drama with a romantic story or plot and sensational situation and
incidents.
memento     = A souvenir.
memorable        = oteworthy.
menace     = A threat.
menagerie     = A collection of wild animals, especially when kept for exhibition.
mendacious        = Untrue.
mendicant     = A beggar.
mentality     = Intellectuality.
mentor     = A wise and faithful teacher, guide, and friend.
mercantile        = Conducted or acting on business principles; commercial.
mercenary        = Greedy
merciful        = Disposed to pity and forgive.
merciless        = Cruel.
meretricious        = Alluring by false or gaudy show.
mesmerize      = To hypnotize.
5000 Collegiate Words with Brief Definitions – Amass an Ivy League  ocabulary!
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messieurs     = pl. Gentlemen.
metal     = An element that forms a base by combining with oxygen, is usually hard, heavy, and lustrous.
metallurgy     = The art or science of extracting a metal from ores, as by smelting.
metamorphosis     = A passing from one form or shape into another.
metaphor     = A figure of speech in which one object is likened to another, by speaking as if
the other.
metaphysical        = Philosophical.
metaphysician     = One skilled in metaphysics.
metaphysics     = The principles of philosophy as applied to explain the methods of any
particular science.
mete      = To apportion.
metempsychosis     = Transition of the soul of a human being at death into another body,
whether human or beast.
meticulous        = Over-cautious.
metonymy     = A figure of speech that consists in the aming of a thing by one of its
attributes.
metric        = Relating to measurement.
metronome     = An instrument for indicating and marking exact time in music.
metropolis     = A chief city, either the capital or the largest or most important city of a state.
metropolitan        = Pertaining to a chief city.
mettle     = Courage.
mettlesome        = Having courage or spirit.
microcosm     = The world or universe on a small scale.
micrometer     = An instrument for measuring  ery small angles or dimensions.
microphone     = An apparatus for magnifying faint sounds.
microscope     = An instrument for assisting the eye in the  ision of minute objects or
features of objects.
microscopic        = Adapted to or characterized by minute observation.
microscopy     = The art of examing objects with the microscope.
midsummer     = The middle of the summer.
midwife     = A woman who makes a business of assisting at childbirth.
mien     = The external appearance or manner of a person.
migrant        = Wandering.
migrate      = To remove or pass from one country, region, or habitat to another.
migratory        = Wandering.
mileage     = A distance in miles.
militant        = Of a warlike or combative disposition or tendency.
militarism     = A policy of maintaining great standing armies.
militate      = To have weight or influence (in determining a question).
militia     = Those citizens, collectively, who are enrolled and drilled in temporary military
organizations.
Milky Way     = The galaxy.
millet     = A grass cultivated for forage and cereal.
mimic      = To imitate the speech or actions of.
miniature        = Much smaller than reality or that the ormal size.
minimize      = To reduce to the smallest possible amount or degree.
minion     = A servile favorite.
ministration     = Any religious ceremonial.
ministry     = A service.
minority     = The smaller in umber of two portions into which a umber or a group is
divided.
minute        = Exceedingly small in extent or quantity.
minutia     = A small or unimportant particular or detail.
mirage     = An optical effect looking like a sheet of water in the desert.
misadventure     = An unlucky accident.
misanthropic        = Hating mankind.
misanthropy     = Hatred of mankind.
misapprehend      = To misunderstand.
misbehave      = To behave ill.
misbehavior     = Ill or improper behavior.
mischievous        = Fond of tricks.
miscount      = To make a mistake in counting.
miscreant     = A  illain.
misdeed     = A wrong or improper act.
misdemeanor     = Evil conduct, small crime.
miser     = A person given to saving and hoarding unduly.
mishap     = Misfortune.
misinterpret      = To misunderstand.
mislay      = To misplace.
mismanage      = To manage badly, improperly, or unskillfully.
misnomer     = A ame wrongly or mistakenly applied.
misogamy     = Hatred of marriage.
misogyny     = Hatred of women.
misplace      = To put into a wrong place.
misrepresent      = To give a wrong impression.
misrule      = To misgovern.
missal     = The book containing the service for the celebration of mass.
missile     = Any object, especially a weapon, thrown or intended to be thrown.
missive     = A message in writing.
mistrust      = To regard with suspicion or jealousy.
misty        = Lacking clearness
misunderstand      = To Take in a wrong sense.
misuse      = To maltreat.
mite     = A  ery small amount, portion, or particle.
miter     = The junction of two bodies at an equally divided angle.
mitigate      = To make milder or more endurable.
mnemonics     = A system of principles and formulas designed to assist the recollection in
certain instances.
moat     = A ditch on the outside of a fortress wall.
mobocracy     = Lawless control of public affairs by the mob or populace.
moccasin     = A foot-covering made of soft leather or buckskin.
mockery     = Ridicule.
moderation     = Temperance.
moderator     = The presiding officer of a meeting.
modernity     = The state or character of being modern.
modernize      = To make characteristic of the present or of recent times.
modification     = A change.
modify      = To make somewhat different.
modish        = Fashionable.
modulate      = To  ary in tone, inflection, pitch or other quality of sound.
mollify      = To soothe.
molt      = To cast off, as hair, feathers, etc.
momentary        = Lasting but a short time.
momentous        =  ery significant.
momentum     = An impetus.
monarchy     = Government by a single, sovereign ruler.
monastery     = A dwelling-place occupied in common by persons under religious  ows of
seclusion.
monetary        = Financial.
mongrel     = The progeny resulting from the crossing of different breeds or  arieties.
monition     = Friendly counsel given by way of warning and implying caution or reproof.
monitory     = Admonition or warning.
monocracy     = Government by a single person.
monogamy     = The habit of pairing, or having but one mate.
monogram     = A character consisting of two or more letters interwoven into one, usually
initials of a ame.
monograph     = A treatise discussing a single subject or branch of a subject.
monolith     = Any structure or sculpture in stone formed of a single piece.
monologue     = A story or drama told or performed by one person.
monomania     = The unreasonable pursuit of one idea.
monopoly     = The control of a thing, as a commodity, to enable a person to raise its price.
monosyllable     = A word of one syllable.
monotone     = The sameness or monotony of utterance.
monotonous        = Unchanging and tedious.
monotony     = A lack of  ariety.
monsieur     = A French title of respect, equivalent to Mr. and sir.
monstrosity     = Anything unnaturally huge or distorted.
moonbeam     = A ray of moonlight.
morale     = A state of mind with reference to confidence, courage, zeal, and the like.
moralist     = A writer on ethics.
morality     =  irtue.
moralize      = To render  irtuous.
moratorium     = An emergency legislation authorizing a government suspend some action temporarily.
morbid        = Caused by or denoting a diseased or unsound condition of body or mind.
mordacious        = Biting or giving to biting.
mordant        = Biting.
moribund        = On the point of dying.
morose        = Gloomy.
morphology     = the science of organic forms.
motley        = Composed of heterogeneous or inharmonious elements.
motto     = An expressive word or pithy sentence enunciating some guiding rule of life, or
faith.
mountaineer     = One who travels among or climbs mountains for pleasure or exercise.
mountainous        = Full of or abounding in mountains.
mouthful     = As much as can be or is usually put into the or exercise.
muddle      = To confuse or becloud, especially with or as with drink.
muffle      = To deaden the sound of, as by wraps.
mulatto     = The offspring of a white person and a black person.
muleteer     = A mule-driver.
multiform        = Having many shapes, or appearances.
multiplicity     = the condition of being manifold or  ery  arious.
mundane        = Worldly, as opposed to spiritual or celestial.
municipal        = Of or pertaining to a town or city, or to its corporate or local government.
municipality     = A district enjoying municipal government.
munificence     = A giving characterized by generous motives and extraordinary liberality.
munificent        = Extraordinarily generous.
muster     = An assemblage or review of troops for parade or inspection, or for umbering off.
mutation     = The act or process of change.
mutilate      = To disfigure.
mutiny     = Rebellion against lawful or constituted authority.
myriad     = A  ast indefinite umber.
mystic     = One who professes direct divine illumination, or relies upon meditation to acquire truth.
mystification     = The act of artfully perplexing.
myth     = A fictitious arrative presented as historical, but without any basis of fact.
mythology     = The whole body of legends cherished by a race concerning gods and
heroes.
nameless        = Having o fame or reputation.
naphtha     = A light, colorless,  olatile, inflammable oil used as a solvent, as in manufacture of
paints.
Narcissus     = The son of the Athenian river-god Cephisus, fabled to have fallen in love with
his reflection.
narrate      = To tell a story.
narration     = The act of recounting the particulars of an event in the order of time or
occurrence.
narrative     = An orderly continuous account of the successive particulars of an event.
narrator     = One who arrates anything.
narrow-minded        = Characterized by illiberal  iews or sentiments.
nasal        = Pertaining to the ose.
natal        = Pertaining to one's birth.
nationality     = A connection with a particular ation.
naturally       = According to the usual order of things.
nausea     = An affection of the stomach producing dizziness and usually an impulse to  omit
nauseate      = To cause to loathe.
nauseous        = Loathsome.
nautical        = Pertaining to ships, seamen, or avigation.
naval        = Pertaining to ships.
navel     = The depression on the abdomen where the umbilical cord of the fetus was
attached.
navigable        = Capable of commercial avigation.
navigate      = To traverse by ship.
nebula     = A gaseous body of unorganized stellar substance.
necessary        = Indispensably requisite or absolutely eeded to accomplish a desired
result.
necessitate      = To render indispensable.
necessity     = That which is indispensably requisite to an end desired.
necrology     = A list of persons who have died in a certain place or time.
necromancer     = One who practices the art of foretelling the future by means of
communication with the dead.
necropolis     = A city of the dead.
necrosis     = the death of part of the body.
nectar     = Any especially sweet and delicious drink.
nectarine     = A  ariety of the peach.
needlework     = Embroidery.
needy        = Being in eed, want, or poverty.
nefarious        = Wicked in the extreme.
negate      = To deny.
negation     = The act of denying or of asserting the falsity of a proposition.
neglectful        = Exhibiting or indicating omission.
negligee     = A loose gown worn by women.
negligence     = Omission of that which ought to be done.
negligent        = Apt to omit what ought to be done.
negligible        = Transferable by assignment, endorsement, or delivery.
negotiable      = To bargain with others for an agreement, as for a treaty or transfer of
property.
Nemesis     = A goddess; divinity of chastisement and  engeance.
neocracy     = Government administered by ew or untried persons.
neo-Darwinsim     = Darwinism as modified and extended by more recent students.
neo-Latin     = Modernized Latin.
neopaganism     = A ew or revived paganism.
Neolithic        = Pertaining to the later stone age.
neology     = The coining or using of ew words or ew meanings of words.
neophyte        = Having the character of a beginner.
nestle      = To    ust cozily in snug quarters.
nestling        = Recently hatched.
nettle      = To excite sensations of uneasiness or displeasure in.
network     = Anything that presents a system of cross- lines.
neural        = Pertaining to the erves or ervous system.
neurology     = The science of the ervous system.
neuter        = either masculine or feminine.
neutral        = Belonging to or under control of either of two contestants.
nevertheless conj. otwithstanding.
Newtonian        = Of or pertaining to Sir Isaac ewton, the English philosopher.
niggardly        = Stingy. (no longer acceptable to use)
nihilist     = An   ocate of the doctrine that othing either exists or can be known.
nil     = othing
nimble        = Light and quick in motion or action.
nit     = The egg of a louse or some other insect.
nocturnal        = Of or pertaining to the ight.
noiseless        = Silent.
noisome        =  ery offensive, particularly to the sense of smell.
noisy        = Clamorous.
nomad        = Having o fixed abode.
nomic        = Usual or customary.
nominal        = Trivial.
nominate      = To designate as a candidate for any office.
nomination     = The act or ceremony of aming a man or woman for office.
nominee     = One who receives a omination.
non-existent     = That which does ot exist.
non-resident        = ot residing within a given jurisdiction.
nonchalance     = A state of mind indicating lack of interest.
non-combatant     = One attached to the army or avy, but having duties other than that of
fighting.
nondescript        = Indescribable.
nonentity     = A person or thing of little or o account.
nonpareil     = One who or that which is of unequaled excellence.
norm     = A model.
normalcy     = The state of being ormal.
Norman        = Of or peculiar to ormandy, in orthern France.
nostrum     = Any scheme or recipe of a charlatan character.
noticeable        = Perceptible.
notorious        = Unfavorably known to the general public.
novellette     = A short ovel.
novice     = A beginner in any business or occupation.
nowadays       = In the present time or age.
nowhere       = In o place or state.
noxious        = Hurtful.
nuance     = A slight degree of difference in anything perceptible to the sense of the mind.
nucleus     = A central point or part about which matter is aggregated.
nude        = aked.
nugatory        = Having o power or force.
nuisance     = That which annoys,  exes, or irritates.
numeration     = The act or art of reading or aming umbers.
numerical        = Of or pertaining to umber.
nunnery     = A convent for uns.
nuptial        = Of or pertaining to marriage, especially to the marriage ceremony.
nurture     = The process of fostering or promoting growth.
nutriment     = That which ourishes.
nutritive        = Having utritious properties.
oaken        = Made of or from oak.
oakum     = Hemp-fiber obtained by untwisting and picking out loosely the yarns of old hemp rope.
obdurate        = Impassive to feelings of humanity or pity.
obelisk     = A square shaft with pyramidal top, usually monumental or commemorative.
obese        = Exceedingly fat.
obesity     = Excessive fatness.
obituary        = A published otice of a death.
objective        = Grasping and representing facts as they are.
objector     = One who objects, as to a proposition, measure, or ruling.
obligate      = To hold to the fulfillment of duty.
obligatory        = Binding in law or conscience.
oblique        = Slanting; said of lines.
obliterate      = To cause to disappear.
oblivion     = The state of having passed out of the memory or of being utterly forgotten.
oblong        = Longer than broad: applied most commonly to rectangular objects considerably elongated
obnoxious        = Detestable.
obsequies     = Funeral rites.
obsequious        = Showing a servile readiness to fall in with the wishes or will of another.
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observance     = A traditional form or customary act.
observant        = Quick to otice.
observatory     = A building designed for systematic astronomical observations.
obsolescence     = The condition or process of gradually falling into disuse.
obsolescent        = Passing out of use, as a word.
obsolete        = o longer practiced or accepted.
obstetrician     = A practitioner of midwifery.
obstetrics     = The branch of medical science concerned with the treatment and care of
women during pregnancy.
obstinacy     = Stubborn adherence to opinion, arising from conceit or the desire to have
one's own way.
obstreperous        = Boisterous.
obstruct      = To fill with impediments so as to prevent passage, either wholly or in part.
obstruction     = Hindrance.
obtrude      = To be pushed or to push oneself into undue prominence.
obtrusive        = Tending to be pushed or to push oneself into undue prominence.
obvert      = To turn the front or principal side of (a thing) toward any person or object.
obviate      = To clear away or provide for, as an objection or difficulty.
occasion     = An important event or celebration.
Occident     = The countries lying west of Asia and the Turkish dominions.
occlude      = To absorb, as a gas by a metal.
occult        = Existing but ot immediately perceptible.
occupant     = A tenant in possession of property, as distinguished from the actual owner.
occurrence     = A happening.
octagon     = A figure with eight sides and eight angles.
octave     = A ote at this interval above or below any other, considered in relation to that
other.
octavo     = A book, or collection of paper in which the sheets are so folded as to make eight
leaves.
octogenarian        = A person of between eighty and inety years.
ocular        = Of or pertaining to the eye.
oculist     = One  ersed or skilled in treating diseases of the eye.
oddity     = An eccentricity.
ode     = The form of lyric poetry anciently intended to be sung.
odious        = Hateful.
odium     = A feeling of extreme repugnance, or of dislike and disgust.
odoriferous        = Having or diffusing an odor or scent, especially an agreeable one.
odorous        = Having an odor, especially a fragrant one.
off        = Farther or more distant.
offhand       = Without preparation.
officiate      = To act as an officer or leader.
officious        = Intermeddling with what is ot one's concern.
offshoot     = Something that branches off from the parent stock.
ogre     = A demon or monster that was supposed to devour human beings.
ointment     = A fatty preparation with a butter-like consistency in which a medicinal
substance exists.
olfactory        = of or pertaining to the sense of smell.
olive-branch     = A branch of the olive-tree, as an emblem of peace.
ominous        = Portentous.
omission     = Exclusion.
omnipotence     = Unlimited and universal power.
Omnipotent        = Possessed of unlimited and universal power.
omniscience     = Unlimited or infinite knowledge.
omniscient        = Characterized by unlimited or infinite knowledge.
omnivorous        = Eating or living upon food of all kinds indiscriminately.
onerous        = Burdensome or oppressive.
onrush     = Onset.
onset     = An assault, especially of troops, upon an enemy or fortification.
onslaught     = A  iolent onset.
onus     = A burden or responsibility.
opalescence     = The property of combined refraction and reflection of light, resulting in
smoky tints.
opaque        = Impervious to light.
operate      = To put in action and supervise the working of.
operative        = Active.
operator     = One who works with or controls some machine or scientific apparatus.
operetta     = A humorous play in dialogue and music, of more than one act.
opinion     = A conclusion or judgment held with confidence, but falling short of positive
knowledge.
opponent     = One who supports the opposite side in a debate, discussion, struggle, or
sport.
opportune        = Especially fit as occurring, said, or done at the right moment.
opportunist     = One who takes   antage of circumstances to gain his ends.
opportunity     = Favorable or   antageous chance or opening.
opposite        = Radically different or contrary in action or movement.
opprobrium     = The state of being scornfully reproached or accused of evil.
optic     = Pertaining to the eye or  ision.
optician     = One who makes or deals in optical instruments or eye-glasses.
optics     = The science that treats of light and  ision, and all that is connected with sight.
optimism     = The  iew that everything in ature and the history of mankind is ordered for
the best.
option     = The right, power, or liberty of choosing.
optometry     = Measurement of the powers of  ision.
opulence     = Affluence.
opulent        = Wealthy.
oral        = Uttered through the mouth.
orate      = To deliver an elaborate or formal public speech.
oration     = An elaborate or formal public speech.
orator     = One who delivers an elaborate or formal speech.
oratorio     = A composition for solo  oices, chorus, and orchestra, generally taken from the
Scriptures.
oratory     = The art of public speaking.
ordeal     = Anything that severely tests courage, strength, patience, conscience, etc.
ordinal     = That form of the umeral that shows the order of anything in a series, as first, second, third.
ordination     = A consecration to the ministry.
ordnance     = A general ame for all kinds of weapons and their appliances used in war.
orgies     = Wild or wanton revelry.
origin     = The beginning of that which becomes or is made to be.
original        = ot copied or produced by imitation.
originate      = To cause or constitute the beginning or first stage of the existence of.
ornate        = Ornamented to a marked degree.
orthodox        = Holding the commonly accepted faith.
orthodoxy     = Acceptance of the common faith.
orthogonal        = Having or determined by right angles.
orthopedic        = Relating to the correcting or preventing of deformity
orthopedist     = One who practices the correcting or preventing of deformity
oscillate      = To swing back and forth.
osculate      = To kiss.
ossify      = to convert into bone.
ostentation     = A display dictated by  anity and intended to invite applause or flattery.
ostracism     = Exclusion from intercourse or favor, as in society or politics.
ostracize      = To exclude from public or private favor.
ought      = To be under moral obligation to be or do.
oust      = To eject.
out-and-out       = Genuinely.
outbreak     = A sudden and  iolent breaking forth, as of something that has been pent up or restrained.
outburst     = A  iolent issue, especially of passion in an individual.
outcast     = One rejected and despised, especially socially.
outcry     = A  ehement or loud cry or clamor.
outdo      = To surpass.
outlandish        = Of barbarous, uncouth, and unfamiliar aspect or action.
outlast      = To last longer than.
outlaw     = A habitual lawbreaker.
outlive      = To continue to exist after.
out-of-the-way        = Remotely situated.
outpost     = A detachment of troops stationed at a distance from the main body to guard
against surprise.
outrage     = A gross infringement of morality or decency.
outrageous        = Shocking in conduct.
outreach      = To reach or go beyond.
outride      = To ride faster than.
outrigger     = A part built or arranged to project beyond a atural outline for support.
outright       = Entirely.
outskirt     = A border region.
outstretch      = To extend.
outstrip      = To go beyond.
outweigh      = To surpass in importance or excellence.
overdo      = To overtax the strength of.
overdose     = An excessive dose, usually so large a dose of a medicine that its effect is
toxic.
overeat      = To eat to excess.
overhang     = A portion of a structure which projects or hangs over.
overleap      = To leap beyond.
overlord     = One who holds supremacy over another.
overpass      = To pass across or over, as a river.
overpay      = To pay or reward in excess.
overpower      = To gain supremacy or  ictory over by superior power.
overproduction     = Excessive production.
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overreach      = To stretch out too far.
overrun      = To infest or ravage.
oversee      = To superintend.
overseer     = A supervisor.
overshadow      = To cast into the shade or render insignificant by comparison.
overstride      = To step beyond.
overthrow      = To  anquish an established ruler or government.
overtone     = A harmonic.
overture     = An instrumental prelude to an opera, oratorio, or ballet.
overweight     = Preponderance.
pacify      = To bring into a peaceful state.
packet     = A bundle, as of letters.
pact     = A covenant.
pagan     = A worshiper of false gods.
pageant     = A dramatic representation, especially a spectacular one.
palate     = The roof of the mouth.
palatial        = Magnificent.
paleontology     = The branch of biology that treats of ancient life and fossil organisms.
palette     = A thin tablet, with a hole for the thumb, upon which artists lay their colors for
painting.
palinode     = A retraction.
pall      = To make dull by satiety.
palliate      = To cause to appear less guilty.
pallid        = Of a pale or wan appearance.
palpable     = perceptible by feeling or touch.
palsy     = Paralysis.
paly        = Lacking color or brilliancy.
pamphlet     = A brief treatise or essay, usually on a subject of current interest.
pamphleteer      = To compose or issue pamphlets, especially controversial ones.
panacea     = A remedy or medicine proposed for or professing to cure all diseases.
Pan-American        = Including or pertaining to the whole of America, both orth and South.
pandemic        = Affecting a whole people or all classes, as a disease.
pandemonium     = A fiendish or riotous uproar.
panegyric     = A formal and elaborate eulogy, written or spoken, of a person or of an act.
panel     = A rectangular piece set in or as in a frame.
panic     = A sudden, unreasonable, overpowering fear.
panoply     = A full set of armor.
panorama     = A series of large pictures representing a continuous scene.
pantheism     = The worship of ature for itself or its beauty.
Pantheon     = A circular temple at Rome with a fine Corinthian portico and a great domed
roof.
pantomime     = Sign-language.
pantoscope     = A  ery wide-angled photographic lens.
papacy     = The official head of the Roman Catholic Church.
papyrus     = The writing-paper of the ancient Egyptians, and later of the Romans.
parable     = A brief arrative founded on real scenes or events usually with a moral.
paradox     = A statement or doctrine seemingly in contradiction to the received belief.
paragon     = A model of excellence.
parallel      = To cause to correspond or lie in the same direction and equidistant in all parts.
parallelism     = Essential likeness.
paralysis     = Loss of the power of contractility in the  oluntary or involuntary muscles.
paralyze      = To deprive of the power to act.
paramount        = Supreme in authority.
paramour     = One who is unlawfully and immorally a lover or a mistress.
paraphernalia     = Miscellaneous articles of equipment or adornment.
paraphrase      = Translate freely.
pare      = To cut, shave, or remove (the outside) from anything.
parentage     = The relation of parent to child, of the producer to the produced, or of cause to
effect.
Pariah     = A member of a degraded class; a social outcast.
parish     = The ecclesiastical district in charge of a pastor.
Parisian        = Of or pertaining to the city of Paris.
parity     = Equality, as of condition or rank.
parlance     = Mode of speech.
parley      = To converse in.
parliament     = A legislative body.
parlor     = A room for reception of callers or entertainment of guests.
parody      = To render ludicrous by imitating the language of.
paronymous        = Derived from the same root or primitive word.
paroxysm     = A sudden outburst of any kind of activity.
parricide     = The murder of a parent.
parse      = To describe, as a sentence, by separating it into its elements and describing each word.
parsimonious        = Unduly sparing in the use or expenditure of money.
partible        = Separable.
participant     = One having a share or part.
participate      = To receive or have a part or share of.
partition     = That which separates anything into distinct parts.
partisan        = Characterized by or exhibiting undue or unreasoning devotion to a party.
passible        = Capable of feeling of suffering.
passive        = Unresponsive.
pastoral        = Having the spirit or sentiment of rural life.
paternal        = Fatherly.
paternity     = Fatherhood.
pathos     = The quality in any form of representation that rouses emotion or sympathy.
patriarch     = The chief of a tribe or race who rules by paternal right.
patrician        = Of senatorial or oble rank.
patrimony     = An inheritance from an ancestor, especially from one's father.
patriotism     = Love and devotion to one's country.
patronize      = To exercise an arrogant condescension toward.
patronymic        = Formed after one's father's ame.
patter      = To mumble something over and over.
paucity     = Fewness.
pauper     = One without means of support.
pauperism     = Dependence on charity.
pavilion     = An open structure for temporary shelter.
payee     = A person to whom money has been or is to be paid.
peaceable        = Tranquil.
peaceful        = Tranquil.
peccable        = Capable of sinning.
peccadillo     = A small breach of propriety or principle.
peccant        = Guilty.
pectoral        = Pertaining to the breast or thorax.
pecuniary        = Consisting of money.
pedagogics     = The science and art of teaching.
pedagogue     = A schoolmaster.
pedagogy     = The science and art of teaching
pedal     = A lever for the foot usually applied only to musical instruments, cycles, and other
machines.
pedant     = A scholar who makes eedless and inopportune display of his learning.
peddle      = To go about with a small stock of goods to sell.
pedestal     = A base or support as for a column, statue, or  ase.
pedestrian     = One who journeys on foot.
pediatrics     = The department of medical science that relates to the treatment of diseases of
childhood.
pedigree     = One's line of ancestors.
peddler     = One who travels from house to house with an assortment of goods for retail.
peerage     = The obility.
peerless        = Of unequaled excellence or worth.
peevish        = Petulant. (irritable)
pellucid        = Translucent.
penalty     = The consequences that follow the transgression of atural or divine law.
penance     = Punishment to which one  oluntarily submits or subjects himself as an
expression of penitence.
penchant     = A bias in favor of something.
pendant     = Anything that hangs from something else, either for ornament or for use.
pendulous        = Hanging, especially so as to swing by an attached end or part.
pendulum     = A weight hung on a rod, serving by its oscillation to regulate the rate of a
clock.
penetrable        = That may be pierced by physical, moral, or intellectual force.
penetrate      = To enter or force a way into the interior parts of.
penetration     = Discernment.
peninsular        = Pertaining to a piece of land almost surrounded by water.
penitence     = Sorrow for sin with desire to amend and to atone.
penitential        = Pertaining to sorrow for sin with desire to amend and to atone.
pennant     = A small flag.
pension     = A periodical allowance to an individual on account of past service done by
him/her.
pentagram     = A figure having five points or lobes.
pentavalent        = Quinqeuvalent.
pentad     = The umber five.
pentagon     = A figure, especially, with five angles and five sides.
pentahedron     = A solid bounded by five plane faces.
pentameter     = In prosody, a line of  erse containing five units or feet.
pentathlon     = The contest of five associated exercises in the great games and the same
contestants.
penultimate        = A syllable or member of a series that is last but one.
penurious        = Excessively sparing in the use of money.
penury     = Indigence.
5000 Collegiate Words with Brief Definitions – Amass an Ivy League  ocabulary!
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perambulate      = To walk about.
perceive      = To have knowledge of, or receive impressions concerning, through the medium
of the body senses.
perceptible        = Cognizable.
perception     = Knowledge through the senses of the existence and properties of matter or
the external world.
percipience     = The act of perceiving.
percipient     = One who or that which perceives.
percolate      = To filter.
percolator     = A filter.
percussion     = The sharp striking of one body against another.
peremptory        = Precluding question or appeal.
perennial        = Continuing though the year or through many years.
perfectible        = Capable of being made perfect.
perfidy     = Treachery.
perforate      = To make a hole or holes through.
perform      = To accomplish.
perfumery     = The preparation of perfumes.
perfunctory        = Half-hearted.
perhaps       = Possibly.
perigee     = The point in the orbit of the moon when it is earest the earth.
periodicity     = The habit or characteristic of recurrence at regular intervals.
peripatetic        = Walking about.
perjure      = To swear falsely to.
perjury     = A solemn assertion of a falsity.
permanence     = A continuance in the same state, or without any change that destroys the
essential form or ature.
permanent        = Durable.
permeate      = To pervade.
permissible        = That may be allowed.
permutation     = Reciprocal change, different ordering of same items.
pernicious        = Tending to kill or hurt.
perpendicular        = Straight up and down.
perpetrator     = The doer of a wrong or a criminal act.
perpetuate      = To preserve from extinction or oblivion.
perquisite     = Any profit from service beyond the amount fixed as salary or wages.
persecution     = Harsh or malignant oppression.
perseverance     = A persistence in purpose and effort.
persevere      = To continue striving in spite of discouragements.
persiflage     = Banter.
persist      = To continue steadfast against opposition.
persistence     = A fixed adherence to a resolve, course of conduct, or the like.
personage     = A man or woman as an individual, especially one of rank or high station.
personal        = ot general or public.
personality     = The attributes, taken collectively, that make up the character and ature of
an individual.
personnel     = The force of persons collectively employed in some service.
perspective     = The relative importance of facts or matters from any special point of  iew.
perspicacious        = Astute.
perspicacity     = Acuteness or discernment.
perspicuous        = Lucid.
perspiration     = Sweat.
perspire      = To excrete through the pores of the skin.
persuade      = To win the mind of by argument, eloquence, evidence, or reflection.
persuadable        = capable of influencing to action by entreaty, statement, or anything that
moves the feelings.
pertinacious        = Persistent or unyielding.
pertinacity     = Unyielding adherence.
pertinent        = Relevant.
perturb      = To disturb greatly.
perturbation     = Mental excitement or confusion.
perusal     = The act of reading carefully or thoughtfully.
pervade      = To pass or spread through every part.
pervasion     = The state of spreading through every part.
pervasive        = Thoroughly penetrating or permeating.
perverse        = Unreasonable.
perversion     = Diversion from the true meaning or proper purpose.
perversity     = Wickedness.
pervert     = One who has forsaken a doctrine regarded as true for one esteemed false.
pervious        = Admitting the entrance or passage of another substance.
pestilence     = A raging epidemic.
pestilent        = Having a malign influence or effect.
pestilential        = having the ature of or breeding pestilence.
peter      = To fail or lose power, efficiency, or  alue.
petrify      = To convert into a substance of stony hardness and character.
petulance     = The character or condition of being impatient, capricious or petulant.
petulant        = Displaying impatience.
pharmacopoeia     = A book containing the formulas and methods of preparation of
medicines for the use of druggists.
pharmacy     = The art or business of compounding and dispensing medicines.
phenomenal        = Extraordinary or marvelous.
phenomenon     = Any unusual occurrence.
philander      = To play at courtship with a woman.
philanthropic        = Benevolent.
philanthropist     = One who endeavors to help his fellow men.
philanthropy     = Active humanitarianism.
philately     = The study and collection of stamps.
philharmonic        = Fond of music.
philogynist     = One who is fond of women.
philologist     = An expert in linguistics.
philology     = The study of language in connection with history and literature.
philosophize      = To seek ultimate causes and principles.
philosophy     = The general principles, laws, or causes that furnish the rational explanation
of anything.
phlegmatic        = ot easily roused to feeling or action.
phonetic        = Representing articulate sounds or speech.
phonic        = Pertaining to the ature of sound.
phonogram     = A graphic character symbolizing an articulate sound.
phonology     = The science of human  ocal sounds.
phosphorescence     = The property of emitting light.
photoelectric        = Pertaining to the combined action of light and electricity.
photometer     = Any instrument for measuring the intensity of light or comparing the
intensity of two lights.
photometry     = The art of measuring the intensity of light.
physicist     = A specialist in the science that treats of the phenomena associated with matter and
energy.
physics     = The science that treats of the phenomena associated with matter and energy.
physiocracy     = The doctrine that land and its products are the only true wealth.
physiognomy     = The external appearance merely.
physiography     = Description of ature.
physiology     = The science of organic functions.
physique     = The physical structure or organization of a person.
picayune        = Of small  alue.
piccolo     = A small flute.
piece     = A loose or separated part, as distinguished from the whole or the mass.
piecemeal       = Gradually.
pillage     = Open robbery, as in war.
pillory     = A wooden framework in which an offender is fastened to boards and is exposed
to public scorn.
pincers     = An instrument having two lever-handles and two jaws working on a pivot.
pinchers     = An instrument having two jaws working on a pivot.
pinnacle     = A high or topmost point, as a mountain-peak.
pioneer     = One among the first to explore a country.
pious        = Religious.
pique      = To excite a slight degree of anger in.
piteous        = Compassionate.
pitiable        = Contemptible.
pitiful        = Wretched.
pitiless        = Hard-hearted.
pittance     = Any small portion or meager allowance.
placate      = To bring from a state of angry or hostile feeling to one of patience or
friendliness.
placid        = Serene.
plagiarism     = The stealing of passages from the writings of another and publishing them
as one's own.
planisphere     = A polar projection of the heavens on a chart.
plasticity     = The property of some substances through which the form of the mass can
readily be changed.
platitude     = A written or spoken statement that is flat, dull, or commonplace.
plaudit     = An expression of applause.
plausible        = Seeming likely to be true, though open to doubt.
playful        = Frolicsome.
playwright     = A maker of plays for the stage.
plea     = An argument to obtain some desired action.
pleasant        = Agreeable.
pleasurable        = Affording gratification.
plebeian        = Common.
pledgee     = The person to whom anything is pledged.
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pledgeor     = One who gives a pledge.
plenary        = Entire.
plenipotentiary     = A person fully empowered to transact any business.
plenitude     = Abundance.
plenteous        = Abundant.
plumb     = A weight suspended by a line to test the  erticality of something.
plummet     = A piece of lead for making soundings,    usting walls to the  ertical.
pluperfect        = Expressing past time or action prior to some other past time or action.
plural        = Containing or consisting of more than one.
plurality     = A majority.
plutocracy     = A wealthy class in a political community who control the government by
means of their money.
pneumatic        = Pertaining to or consisting of air or gas.
poesy     = Poetry.
poetaster     = An inferior poet.
poetic        = Pertaining to poetry.
poetics     = The rules and principles of poetry.
poignancy     = Severity or acuteness, especially of pain or grief.
poignant        = Severely painful or acute to the spirit.
poise     = Equilibrium.
polar        = Pertaining to the poles of a sphere, especially of the earth.
polemics     = The art of controversy or disputation.
pollen     = The fine dust-like grains or powder formed within the anther of a flowering plant.
pollute      = To contaminate.
polyarchy     = Government by several or many persons of what- ever class.
polycracy     = The rule of many.
polygamy     = the fact or condition of having more than one wife or husband at once.
polyglot        = Speaking several tongues.
polygon     = A figure having many angles.
polyhedron     = A solid bounded by plane faces, especially by more than four.
polysyllable        = Having several syllables, especially more than three syllables.
polytechnic        = Pertaining to, embracing, or practicing many arts.
polytheism     = The doctrine or belief that there are more gods than one.
pommel      = To beat with something thick or bulky.
pomposity     = The quality of being marked by an assumed stateliness and impressiveness of manner.
pompous        = Marked by an assumed stateliness and impressiveness of manner.
ponder      = To meditate or reflect upon.
ponderous        = Unusually weighty or forcible.
pontiff     = The Pope.
populace     = The common people.
populous        = Containing many inhabitants, especially in proportion to the territory.
portend      = To indicate as being about to happen, especially by previous signs.
portent     = Anything that indicates what is to happen.
portfolio     = A portable case for holding writing-materials, drawings, etc.
posit      = To present in an orderly manner.
position     = The manner in which a thing is placed.
positive        = Free from doubt or hesitation.
posse     = A force of men.
possess      = To own.
possession     = The having, holding, or detention of property in one's power or command.
possessive        = Pertaining to the having, holding, or detention of property in one's power
or command.
possessor     = One who owns, enjoys, or controls anything, as property.
possible        = Being ot beyond the reach of power atural, moral, or supernatural.
postdate      = To make the date of any writing later than the real date.
posterior     = The hinder part.
postgraduate        = Pertaining to studies that are pursued after receiving a degree.
postscript     = Something added to a letter after the writer's signature.
potency     = Power.
potent        = Physically powerful.
potentate     = One possessed of great power or sway.
potential     = Anything that may be possible.
potion     = A dose of liquid medicine.
powerless        = Impotent.
practicable        = Feasible.
prate      = To talk about  ainly or foolishly.
prattle      = To utter in simple or childish talk.
preamble     = A statement introductory to and explanatory of what follows.
precarious        = Perilous.
precaution     = A provision made in   ance for some possible emergency or danger.
precede      = To happen first.
precedence     = Priority in place, time, or rank.
precedent     = An instance that may serve as a guide or basis for a rule.
precedential        = Of the ature of an instance that may serve as a guide or basis for a rule.
precession     = The act of going forward.
precipice     = A high and  ery steep or approximately  ertical cliff.
precipitant        = Moving onward quickly and heedlessly.
precipitate      = To force forward prematurely.
precise        = Exact.
precision     = Accuracy of limitation, definition, or    ustment.
preclude      = To prevent.
precocious        = Having the mental faculties prematurely developed.
precursor     = A forerunner or herald.
predatory        = Prone to pillaging.
predecessor     = An incumbent of a given office previous to another.
predicament     = A difficult, trying situation or plight.
predicate      = To state as belonging to something.
predict      = To foretell.
prediction     = A prophecy.
predominance     = Ascendancy or preponderance.
predominant        = Superior in power, influence, effectiveness, umber, or degree.
predominate      = To be chief in importance, quantity, or degree.
preeminence     = Special eminence.
preempt      = To secure the right of preference in the purchase of public land.
preemption     = The right or act of purchasing before others.
preengage      = To preoccupy.
preestablish      = To settle or arrange beforehand.
preexist      = To exist at a period or in a state earlier than something else.
preexistence     = Existence antecedent to something.
preface     = A brief explanation or address to the reader, at the beginning of a book.
prefatory        = Pertaining to a brief explanation to the reader at the beginning of a book.
prefer      = To hold in higher estimation.
preferable        = More desirable than others.
preference     = An object of favor or choice.
preferential        = Possessing, giving, or constituting preference or priority.
preferment     = Preference.
prefix      = To attach at the beginning.
prehensible        = Capable of being grasped.
prehensile        = Adapted for grasping or holding.
prehension     = The act of laying hold of or grasping.
prejudice     = A judgment or opinion formed without due examination of the facts.
prelacy     = A system of church government.
prelate     = One of a higher order of clergy having direct authority over other clergy.
prelude     = An introductory or opening performance.
premature        = Coming too soon.
premier        = First in rank or position.
premise     = A judgment as a conclusion.
premonition     = Foreboding.
preoccupation     = The state of having the mind, attention, or inclination preoccupied.
preoccupy      = To fill the mind of a person to the exclusion of other subjects.
preordain      = To foreordain.
preparation     = An act or proceeding designed to bring about some event.
preparatory        = Having to do with what is preliminary.
preponderant        = Prevalent.
preponderate      = To exceed in influence or power.
prepossession     = A preconceived liking.
preposterous        = Utterly ridiculous or absurd.
prerogative        = Having superior rank or precedence.
presage      = To foretell.
prescience     = Knowledge of events before they take place.
prescient        = Foreknowing.
prescript        = Prescribed as a rule or model.
prescriptible        = Derived from authoritative direction.
prescription     = An authoritative direction.
presentient        = Perceiving or feeling beforehand.
presentiment     = Foreboding.
presentment     = Semblance.
preservation     = Conservation.
presumption     = That which may be logically assumed to be true until disproved.
presumptuous        = Assuming too much.
pretension     = A bold or presumptuous assertion.
pretentious        = Marked by pretense, conceit, or display.
preternatural        = Extraordinary.
pretext     = A fictitious reason or motive.
prevalence     = Frequency.
prevalent        = Of wide extent or frequent occurrence.
prevaricate      = To use ambiguous or evasive language for the purpose of deceiving or
diverting attention.
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prevention     = Thwarting.
prickle      = To puncture slightly with fine, sharp points.
priggish        = Conceited.
prim        = Stiffly proper.
prima        = First.
primer     = An elementary reading-book for children.
primeval        = Belonging to the first ages.
primitive        = Pertaining to the beginning or early times.
principal        = Most important.
principality     = The territory of a reigning prince.
principle     = A general truth or proposition.
priory     = A monastic house.
pristine        = Primitive.
privateer     = A  essel owned and officered by private persons, but carrying on maritime
war.
privilege     = A right or immunity ot enjoyed by all, or that may be enjoyed only under
special conditions.
privity     = Knowledge shared with another or others regarding a private matter.
privy        = Participating with another or others in the knowledge of a secret transaction.
probate        = Relating to making proof, as of a will.
probation     = Any proceeding designed to ascertain or test character, qualification, or the
like.
probe      = To search through and through.
probity     =  irtue or integrity tested and confirmed.
procedure     = A manner or method of acting.
proceed      = To renew motion or action, as after rest or interruption.
proclamation     = Any announcement made in a public manner.
procrastinate      = To put off till tomorrow or till a future time.
procrastination     = Delay.
proctor     = An agent acting for another.
prodigal     = One wasteful or extravagant, especially in the use of money or property.
prodigious        = Immense.
prodigy     = A person or thing of  ery remarkable gifts or qualities.
productive        = Yielding in abundance.
profession     = Any calling or occupation involving special mental or other special
disciplines.
professor     = A public teacher of the highest grade in a university or college.
proffer      = To offer to another for acceptance.
proficiency     = An   anced state of acquirement, as in some knowledge, art, or science.
proficient        = Possessing ample and ready knowledge or of skill in any art, science, or industry.
profile     = An outline or contour.
profiteer     = One who profits.
profligacy     = Shameless  iciousness.
profligate        = Abandoned to  ice.
profuse        = Produced or displayed in overabundance.
progeny     = Offspring.
progression     = A moving forward or proceeding in course.
prohibition     = A decree or an order forbidding something.
prohibitionist     = One who favors the prohibition by law of the manufacture and sale of
alcoholic beverages.
prohibitory        = Involving or equivalent to prohibition, especially of the sale of alcoholic
beverages.
projection     = A prominence.
proletarian     = A person of the lowest or poorest class.
prolific        = Producing offspring or fruit.
prolix        =  erbose.
prologue     = A prefatory statement or explanation to a poem, discourse, or performance.
prolong      = To extend in time or duration.
promenade      = To walk for amusement or exercise.
prominence     = The quality of being oticeable or distinguished.
prominent        = Conspicuous in position, character, or importance.
promiscuous        = Brought together without order, distinction, or design (for sex).
promissory        = Expressing an engagement to pay.
promontory     = A high point of land extending outward from the coastline into the sea.
promoter     = A furtherer, forwarder, or encourager.
promulgate      = To proclaim.
propaganda     = Any institution or systematic scheme for propagating a doctrine or system.
propagate      = To spread abroad or from person to person.
propel      = To drive or urge forward.
propellant        = Propelling.
propeller     = One who or that which propels.
prophecy     = Any prediction or foretelling.
prophesy      = To predict or foretell, especially under divine inspiration and guidance.
propitious        = Kindly disposed.
proportionate        = Being in proportion.
propriety     = Accordance with recognized usage, custom, or principles.
propulsion     = A driving onward or forward.
prosaic        = Unimaginative.
proscenium     = That part of the stage between the curtain and the orchestra.
proscribe      = To reject, as a teaching or a practice, with condemnation or denunciation.
proscription     = Any act of condemnation and rejection from favor and privilege.
proselyte     = One who has been won over from one religious belief to another.
prosody     = The science of poetical forms.
prospector     = One who makes exploration, search, or examination, especially for minerals.
prospectus     = A paper or pamphlet containing information of a proposed undertaking.
prostrate        = Lying prone, or with the head to the ground.
protagonist     = A leader in any enterprise or contest.
protection     = Preservation from harm, danger, annoyance, or any other evil.
protective        = Sheltering.
protector     = A defender.
protégé     = One specially cared for and favored by another usually older person.
Protestant     = A Christian who denies the authority of the Pope and holds the right of
special judgment.
protomartyr     = The earliest  ictim in any cause.
protocol     = A declaration or memorandum of agreement less solemn and formal than a
treaty.
protoplasm     = The substance that forms the principal portion of an animal or  egetable
cell.
prototype     = A work, original in character, afterward imitated in form or spirit.
protract      = To prolong.
protrude      = To push out or thrust forth.
protrusion     = The act of protruding.
protuberance     = Something that swells out from a surrounding surface.
protuberant        = Bulging.
protuberate      = To swell or bulge beyond the surrounding surface.
proverb     = A brief, pithy saying, condensing in witty or striking form the wisdom of
experience.
provident        = Anticipating and making ready for future wants or emergencies.
providential        = Effected by divine guidance.
provincial        = Uncultured in thought and manner.
proviso     = A clause in a contract, will, etc., by which its operation is rendered conditional.
provocation     = An action or mode of conduct that excites resentment.
prowess     = Strength, skill, and intrepidity in battle.
proximately       = Immediately.
proxy     = A person who is empowered by another to represent him or her in a given matter.
prudence     = Caution.
prudential        = Proceeding or marked by caution.
prudery     = An undue display of modesty or delicacy.
prurient        = Inclined to lascivious thoughts and desires.
pseudapostle     = A pretended or false apostle.
pseudonym     = A fictitious ame, especially when assumed by a writer.
pseudonymity     = The state or character of using a fictitious ame.
psychiatry     = The branch of medicine that relates to mental disease.
psychic        = Pertaining to the mind or soul.
psychopathic        = Morally irresponsible.
psychotherapy     = The treatment of mental disease.
pudgy        = Small and fat.
puerile        = Childish.
pugnacious        = Quarrelsome.
puissant        = Possessing strength.
pulmonary        = Pertaining to the lungs.
punctilious        = Strictly observant of the rules or forms prescribed by law or custom.
punctual        = Observant and exact in points of time.
pungent        = Affecting the sense of smell.
pungency     = The quality of affecting the sense of smell.
punitive        = Pertaining to punishment.
pupilage     = The state or period of being a student.
purgatory     = An intermediate state where souls are made fit for paradise or heaven by
expiatory suffering.
purl      = To cause to whirl, as in an eddy.
purloin      = To steal.
purport     = Intent.
purveyor     = one who supplies
pusillanimous        = Without spirit or bravery.
putrescent        = Undergoing decomposition of animal or  egetable matter accompanied by fetid odors.
pyre     = A heap of combustibles arranged for burning a dead body.
pyromania     = An insane propensity to set things on fire.
pyrotechnic        = Pertaining to fireworks or their manufacture.
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pyx     = A  essel or casket, usually of precious metal, in which the host is preserved.
quackery     = Charlatanry
quadrate      = To divide into quarters.
quadruple      = To multiply by four.
qualification     = A requisite for an employment, position, right, or privilege.
qualify      = To endow or furnish with requisite ability, character, knowledge, skill, or
possessions.
qualm     = A fit of ausea.
quandary     = A puzzling predicament.
quantity     = Magnitude.
quarantine     = The enforced isolation of any person or place infected with contagious
disease.
quarrelsome        = Irascible.
quarter     = One of four equal parts into which anything is or may be divided.
quarterly        = Occurring or made at intervals of three months.
quartet     = A composition for four  oices or four instruments.
quarto     = An eight-page ewspaper of any size.
quay     = A wharf or artificial landing-place on the shore of a harbor or projecting into it.
querulous        = Habitually complaining.
query      = To make inquiry.
queue     = A file of persons waiting in order of their arrival, as for admittance.
quibble     = An utterly trivial distinction or objection.
quiescence     = Quiet.
quiescent        = Being in a state of repose or inaction.
quiet        = Making o oise.
quietus     = A silencing, suppressing, or ending.
quintessence     = The most essential part of anything.
quintet     = Musical composition arranged for five  oices or instruments.
quite       = Fully.
Quixotic        = Chivalrous or romantic to a ridiculous or extravagant degree.
rabid        = Affected with rabies or hydrophobia.
racy        = Exciting or exhilarating to the mind.
radiance     = Brilliant or sparkling luster.
radiate      = To extend in all directions, as from a source or focus.
radical     = One who holds extreme  iews or   ocates extreme measures.
radix     = That from or on which something is developed.
raillery     = Good-humored satire.
ramify      = To divide or subdivide into branches or subdivisions.
ramose        = Branch-like.
rampant        = Growing, climbing, or running without check or restraint.
rampart     = A bulwark or construction to oppose assault or hostile entry.
rancor     = Malice.
rankle      = To produce irritation or festering.
rapacious        = Disposed to seize by  iolence or by unlawful or greedy methods.
rapid        = Having great speed.
rapine     = The act of seizing and carrying off property by superior force, as in war.
rapt        = Enraptured.
raptorial        = Seizing and devouring living prey.
ration      = To provide with a fixed allowance or portion, especially of food.
rationalism     = The formation of opinions by relying upon reason alone, independently of
authority.
raucous        = Harsh.
ravage      = To lay waste by pillage, rapine, devouring, or other destructive methods.
ravenous        = Furiously  oracious or hungry.
ravine     = A deep gorge or hollow, especially one worn by a stream or flow of water.
reaction     = Tendency towards a former, or opposite state of things, as after reform,
revolution, or inflation.
reactionary        = Pertaining to, of the ature of, causing, or favoring reaction.
readily       = Without objection or reluctance.
readjust      = To put in order after disarrangement.
ready        = In a state of preparedness for any given purpose or occasion.
realism     = The principle and practice of depicting persons and scenes as they are believed
really to exist.
rearrange      = To arrange again or in a different order.
reassure      = To give ew confidence.
rebellious        = Insubordinate.
rebuff     = A peremptory or unexpected rejection of   ances or approaches.
rebuild      = To build again or anew.
rebut      = To oppose by argument or a sufficient answer.
recant      = To withdraw formally one's belief (in something previously believed or
maintained).
recapitulate      = To repeat again the principal points of.
recapture      = To capture again.
recede      = To move back or away.
receivable        = Capable of being or fit to be received - often money.
receptive        = Having the capacity, quality, or ability of receiving, as truths or impressions.
recessive        = Having a tendency to go back.
recidivist     = A confirmed criminal.
reciprocal        = Mutually interchangeable or convertible.
reciprocate      = To give and take mutually.
reciprocity     = Equal mutual rights and benefits granted and enjoyed.
recitation     = The act of reciting or repeating, especially in public and from memory.
reck      = To have a care or thought for.
reckless        = Foolishly headless of danger.
reclaim      = To demand or to obtain the return or restoration of.
recline      = To cause to assume a leaning or recumbent attitude or position.
recluse     = One who lives in retirement or seclusion.
reclusory     = A hermitage.
recognizance     = An acknowledgment entered into before a court with condition to do some
particular act.
recognize      = To recall the identity of (a person or thing).
recoil      = To start back as in dismay, loathing, or dread.
recollect      = To recall the knowledge of.
reconcilable        = Capable of being    usted or harmonized.
reconnoiter      = To make a preliminary examination of for military, surveying, or geological
purposes.
reconsider      = To review with care, especially with a  iew to a reversal of previous action.
reconstruct      = To rebuild.
recourse     = Resort to or application for help in exigency or trouble.
recover      = To regain.
recreant     = A cowardly or faithless person.
recreate      = To refresh after labor.
recrudescence     = The state of becoming raw or sore again.
recrudescent        = Becoming raw or sore again.
recruit      = To enlist men for military or aval service.
rectify      = To correct.
rectitude     = The quality of being upright in principles and conduct.
recuperate      = To recover.
recur      = To happen again or repeatedly, especially at regular intervals.
recure      = To cure again.
recurrent        = Returning from time to time, especially at regular or stated intervals.
redemption     = The recovery of what is mortgaged or pledged, by paying the debt.
redolent        = Smelling sweet and agreeable.
redolence     = Smelling sweet and agreeable.
redoubtable        = Formidable.
redound     = Rebound.
redress      = To set right, as a wrong by compensation or the punishment of the wrong-doer.
reducible        = That may be reduced.
redundance     = Excess.
redundant        = Constituting an excess.
reestablish      = To restore.
refer      = To direct or send for information or other purpose.
referrer     = One who refers.
referable        = Ascribable.
referee     = An umpire.
refinery     = A place where some crude material, as sugar or petroleum, is purified.
reflectible        = Capable of being turned back.
reflection     = The throwing off or back of light, heat, sound, or any form of energy that travels in waves.
reflector     = A mirror, as of metal, for reflecting light, heat, or sound in a particular direction.
reflexible        = Capable of being reflected.
reform     = Change for the better.
reformer     = One who carries out a reform.
refract      = To bend or turn from a direct course.
refractory        = ot amenable to control.
refragable        = Capable of being refuted.
refringency     = Power to refract.
refringent        = Having the power to refract.
refusal     = Denial of what is asked.
refute      = To prove to be wrong.
regale      = To give unusual pleasure.
regalia     = pl. The emblems of royalty.
regality     = Royalty.
regenerate      = To reproduce.
regent     = One who is lawfully deputized to administer the government for the time being in
the ame of the ruler.
regicide     = The killing of a king or sovereign.
regime     = Particular conduct or administration of affairs.
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regimen     = A systematized order or course of living with reference to food, clothing and
personal habits.
regiment     = A body of soldiers.
regnant        = Exercising royal authority in one's own right.
regress      = To return to a former place or condition.
regretful        = Feeling, expressive of, or full of regret.
rehabilitate      = To restore to a former status, capacity, right rank, or privilege.
reign      = To hold and exercise sovereign power.
reimburse      = To pay back as an equivalent of what has been expended.
rein     = A step attached to the bit for controlling a horse or other draft-animal.
reinstate      = To restore to a former state, station, or authority.
reiterate      = To say or do again and again.
rejoin      = To reunite after separation.
rejuvenate      = To restore to youth.
rejuvenescence     = A renewal of youth.
relapse      = To suffer a return of a disease after partial recovery.
relegate      = To send off or consign, as to an obscure position or remote destination.
relent      = To yield.
relevant        = Bearing upon the matter in hand.
reliance     = Dependence.
reliant        = Having confidence.
relinquish      = To give up using or having.
reliquary     = A casket, coffer, or repository in which relics are kept.
relish      = To like the taste or savor of.
reluctance     = Unwillingness.
reluctant        = Unwilling.
remembrance     = Recollection.
reminiscence     = The calling to mind of incidents within the range of personal knowledge or
experience.
reminiscent        = Pertaining to the recollection of matters of personal interest.
remiss        = egligent.
remission     = Temporary diminution of a disease.
remodel      = Reconstruct.
remonstrance     = Reproof.
remonstrant        = Having the character of a reproof.
remonstrate      = To present a  erbal or written protest to those who have power to right or
prevent a wrong.
remunerate      = To pay or pay for.
remuneration     = Compensation.
Renaissance     = The revival of letters, and then of art, which marks the transition from
medieval to modern time.
rendezvous     = A prearranged place of meeting.
rendition     = Interpretation.
renovate      = To restore after deterioration, as a building.
renunciation     = An explicit disclaimer of a right or privilege.
reorganize      = To change to a more satisfactory form of organization.
reparable        = Capable of repair.
reparation     = The act of making amends, as for an injury, loss, or wrong.
repartee     = A ready, witty, or apt reply.
repeal      = To render of o further effect.
repel      = To force or keep back in a manner, physically or mentally.
repellent        = Having power to force back in a manner, physically or mentally.
repentance     = Sorrow for something done or left undone, with desire to make things right
by undoing the wrong.
repertory     = A place where things are stored or gathered together.
repetition     = The act of repeating.
repine      = To indulge in fretfulness and faultfinding.
replenish      = To fill again, as something that has been emptied.
replete        = Full to the uttermost.
replica     = A duplicate executed by the artist himself, and regarded, equally with the first, as an original.
repository     = A place in which goods are stored.
reprehend      = To find fault with.
reprehensible        = Censurable.
reprehension     = Expression of blame.
repress      = To keep under restraint or control.
repressible        = Able to be kept under restraint or control.
reprieve      = To grant a respite from punishment to.
reprimand      = To chide or rebuke for a fault.
reprisal     = Any infliction or act by way of retaliation on an enemy.
reprobate     = One abandoned to depravity and sin.
reproduce      = To make a copy of.
reproduction     = The process by which an animal or plant gives rise to another of its kind.
reproof     = An expression of disapproval or blame personally addressed to one censured.
repudiate      = To refuse to have anything to do with.
repugnance     = Thorough dislike.
repugnant        = Offensive to taste and feeling.
repulse     = The act of beating or driving back, as an attacking or   ancing enemy.
repulsive        = Grossly offensive.
repute      = To hold in general opinion.
requiem     = A solemn mass sung for the repose of the souls of the dead.
requisite        = ecessary.
requital     = Adequate return for good or ill.
requite      = To repay either good or evil to, as to a person.
rescind      = To make  oid, as an act, by the enacting authority or a superior authority.
reseat      = To place in position of office again.
resemblance     = Similarity in quality or form.
resent      = To be indignant at, as an injury or insult.
reservoir     = A receptacle where a quantity of some material, especially of a liquid or gas, may be kept.
residue     = A remainder or surplus after a part has been separated or otherwise treated.
resilience     = The power of springing back to a former position
resilient        = Having the quality of springing back to a former position.
resistance     = The exertion of opposite effort or effect.
resistant        = Offering or tending to produce resistance.
resistive        = Having or exercising the power of resistance.
resistless        = Powerless.
resonance     = The quality of being able to reinforce sound by sympathetic  ibrations.
resonance        = Able to reinforce sound by sympathetic  ibrations.
resonate      = To have or produce resonance.
resource     = That which is restored to, relied upon, or made available for aid or support.
respite     = Interval of rest.
resplendent        =  ery bright.
respondent        = Answering.
restitution     = Restoration of anything to the one to whom it properly belongs.
resumption     = The act of taking back, or taking again.
resurgent        = Surging back or again.
resurrection     = A return from death to life
resuscitate      = To restore from apparent death.
retaliate      = To repay evil with a similar evil.
retch      = To make an effort to  omit.
retention     = The keeping of a thing within one's power or possession.
reticence     = The quality of habitually keeping silent or being reserved in utterance.
reticent        = Habitually keeping silent or being reserved in utterance.
retinue     = The body of persons who attend a person of importance in travel or public
appearance.
retort     = A retaliatory speech.
retouch      = To modify the details of.
retrace      = To follow backward or toward the place of beginning, as a track or marking.
retract      = To recall or take back (something that one has said).
retrench      = To cut down or reduce in extent or quantity.
retrieve      = To recover something by searching.
retroactive        = Operative on, affecting, or having reference to past events, transactions,
responsibilities.
retrograde      = To cause to deteriorate or to move backward.
retrogression     = A going or moving backward or in a reverse direction.
retrospect     = A  iew or contemplation of something past.
retrospective        = Looking back on the past.
reunite      = To unite or join again, as after separation.
revelation     = A disclosing, discovering, or making known of what was before secret,
private, or unknown.
revere      = To regard with worshipful  eneration.
reverent        = Humble.
reversion     = A return to or toward some former state or condition.
revert      = To return, or turn or look back, as toward a former position or the like.
revile      = To heap approach or abuse upon.
revisal     = Revision.
revise      = To examine for the correction of errors, or for the purpose of making changes.
revocation     = Repeal.
revoke      = To rescind.
rhapsody     = Rapt or rapturous utterance.
rhetoric     = The art of discourse.
rhetorician     = A showy writer or speaker.
ribald        = Indulging in or manifesting coarse indecency or obscenity.
riddance     = The act or ridding or delivering from something undesirable.
ridicule     = Looks or acts expressing amused contempt.
ridiculous        = Laughable and contemptible.
rife        = Abundant.
righteousness     = Rectitude.
rightful        = Conformed to a just claim according to established laws or usage.
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rigmarole     = onsense.
rigor     = Inflexibility.
rigorous        = Uncompromising.
ripplet     = A small ripple, as of water.
risible        = capable of exciting laughter.
rivulet     = A small stream or brook.
robust        = Characterized by great strength or power of endurance.
rondo     = A musical composition during which the first part or subject is repeated several
times.
rookery     = A place where crows congregate to breed.
rotary        = Turning around its axis, like a wheel, or so constructed as to turn thus.
rotate      = To cause to turn on or as on its axis, as a wheel.
rote     = Repetition of words or sounds as a means of learning them, with slight attention.
rotund        = Round from fullness or plumpness.
rudimentary        = Being in an initial, early, or incomplete stage of development.
rue      = To regret extremely.
ruffian        = A lawless or recklessly brutal fellow.
ruminant        = Chewing the cud.
ruminate      = To chew over again, as food previously swallowed and regurgitated.
rupture      = To separate the parts of by  iolence.
rustic        = Characteristic of dwelling in the country.
ruth     = Sorrow for another's misery.
sacrifice      = To make an offering of to deity, especially by presenting on an altar.
sacrificial        = Offering or offered as an atonement for sin.
sacrilege     = The act of  iolating or profaning anything sacred.
sacrilegious        = Impious.
safeguard      = To protect.
sagacious        = Able to discern and distinguish with wise perception.
salacious        = Having strong sexual desires.
salience     = The condition of standing out distinctly.
salient        = Standing out prominently.
saline        = Constituting or consisting of salt.
salutary        = Beneficial.
salutation     = Any form of greeting, hailing, or welcome, whether by word or act.
salutatory     = The opening oration at the commencement in American colleges.
salvage     = Any act of saving property.
salvo     = A salute given by firing all the guns, as at the funeral of an officer.
sanctimonious        = Making an ostentatious display or hypocritical pretense of holiness or
piety.
sanction      = To approve authoritatively.
sanctity     = Holiness.
sanguinary        = Bloody.
sanguine        = Having the color of blood.
sanguineous        = Consisting of blood.
sapid        = Affecting the sense of taste.
sapience     = Deep wisdom or knowledge.
sapient        = Possessing wisdom.
sapiential        = Possessing wisdom.
saponaceous        = Having the ature or quality of soap.
sarcasm     = Cutting and reproachful language.
sarcophagus     = A stone coffin or a chest-like tomb.
sardonic        = Scornfully or bitterly sarcastic.
satiate      = To satisfy fully the appetite or desire of.
satire     = The employment of sarcasm, irony, or keenness of wit in ridiculing  ices.
satiric        = Resembling poetry, in which  ice, incapacity ,or corruption is held up to ridicule.
satirize      = To treat with sarcasm or derisive wit.
satyr     = A  ery lascivious person.
savage     = A wild and uncivilized human being.
savor      = To perceive by taste or smell.
scabbard     = The sheath of a sword or similar bladed weapon.
scarcity     = Insufficiency of supply for eeds or ordinary demands.
scholarly        = Characteristic of an erudite person.
scholastic        = Pertaining to education or schools.
scintilla     = The faintest ray.
scintillate      = To emit or send forth sparks or little flashes of light.
scope     = A range of action or  iew.
scoundrel     = A man without principle.
scribble     = Hasty, careless writing.
scribe     = One who writes or is skilled in writing.
script     = Writing or handwriting of the ordinary cursive form.
Scriptural        = Pertaining to, contained in, or warranted by the Holy Scriptures.
scruple     = Doubt or uncertainty regarding a question of moral right or duty.
scrupulous        = Cautious in action for fear of doing wrong.
scurrilous        = Grossly indecent or  ulgar.
scuttle      = To sink (a ship) by making holes in the bottom.
scythe     = A long curved blade for mowing, reaping, etc.
séance     = A meeting of spirituals for consulting spirits.
sear      = To burn on the surface.
sebaceous        = Pertaining to or appearing like fat.
secant        = Cutting, especially into two parts.
secede      = To withdraw from union or association, especially from a political or religious
body.
secession     =  oluntary withdrawal from fellowship, especially from political or religious
bodies.
seclude      = To place, keep, or withdraw from the companionship of others.
seclusion     = Solitude.
secondary        = Less important or effective than that which is primary.
secondly       = In the second place in order or succession.
second-rate        = Second in quality, size, rank, importance, etc.
secrecy     = Concealment.
secretary     = One who attends to correspondence, keeps records. or does other writing for
others.
secretive        = Having a tendency to conceal.
sedate        = Even-tempered.
sedentary        = Involving or requiring much sitting.
sediment     = Matter that settles to the bottom of a liquid.
sedition     = Conduct directed against public order and the tranquility of the state.
seditious        = Promotive of conduct directed against public order and the tranquility of the
state.
seduce      = To entice to surrender chastity.
sedulous        = Persevering in effort or endeavor.
seer     = A prophet.
seethe      = To be  iolently excited or agitated.
seignior     = A title of honor or respectful address, equivalent to sir.
seismograph     = An instrument for recording the phenomena of earthquakes.
seize      = To catch or take hold of suddenly and forcibly.
selective        = Having the power of choice.
self-respect     = Rational self-esteem.
semblance     = Outward appearance.
semicivilized        = Half-civilized.
semiconscious        = Partially conscious.
semiannual        = Recurring at intervals of six months.
semicircle     = A half-circle.
seminar     = Any assemblage of pupils for real research in some specific study under a
teacher.
seminary     = A special school, as of theology or pedagogics.
senile        = Peculiar to or proceeding from the weakness or infirmity of old age.
sensation     = A condition of mind resulting from spiritual or inherent feeling.
sense     = The signification conveyed by some word, phrase, or action.
sensibility     = Power to perceive or feel.
sensitive        = Easily affected by outside operations or influences.
sensorium     = The sensory apparatus.
sensual        = Pertaining to the body or the physical senses.
sensuous        = Having a warm appreciation of the beautiful or of the refinements of luxury.
sentence     = A related group of words containing a subject and a predicate and expressing
a complete thought.
sentience     = Capacity for sensation or sense-perception.
sentient        = Possessing the power of sense or sense-perception.
sentinel     = Any guard or watch stationed for protection.
separable        = Capable of being disjoined or divided.
separate      = To take apart.
separatist     = A seceder.
septennial        = Recurring every seven years.
sepulcher     = A burial-place.
sequacious        = Ready to be led.
sequel     = That which follows in consequence of what has previously happened.
sequence     = The order in which a umber or persons, things, or events follow one another
in space or time.
sequent        = Following in the order of time.
sequester      = To cause to withdraw or retire, as from society or public life.
sequestrate      = To confiscate.
sergeant     = A on-commissioned military officer ranking ext above a corporal.
sergeant-at-arms     = An executive officer in legislative bodies who enforces the orders of
the presiding officer.
sergeant-major     = The highest on-commissioned officer in a regiment.
service     = Any work done for the benefit of another.
serviceable        = Durable.
servitude     = Slavery.
5000 Collegiate Words with Brief Definitions – Amass an Ivy League  ocabulary!
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severance     = Separation.
severely       = Extremely.
sextet     = A band of six singers or players.
sextuple        = Multiplied by six.
sheer        = Absolute.
shiftless        = Wanting in resource, energy, or executive ability.
shrewd        = Characterized by skill at understanding and profiting by circumstances.
shriek     = A sharp, shrill outcry or scream, caused by agony or terror.
shrinkage     = A contraction of any material into less bulk or dimension.
shrivel      = To draw or be drawn into wrinkles.
shuffle     = A mixing or changing the order of things.
sibilance     = A hissing sound.
sibilant        = Made with a hissing sound.
sibilate      = To give a hissing sound to, as in pronouncing the letter s.
sidelong        = Inclining or tending to one side.
sidereal        = Pertaining to stars or constellations.
siege     = A beleaguerment.
significance     = Importance.
significant        = Important, especially as pointing something out.
signification     = The meaning conveyed by language, actions, or signs.
similar        = Bearing resemblance to one another or to something else.
simile     = A comparison which directs the mind to the representative object itself.
similitude     = Similarity.
simplify      = To make less complex or difficult.
simulate      = Imitate.
simultaneous        = Occurring, done, or existing at the same time.
sinecure     = Any position having emoluments with few or o duties.
singe      = To burn slightly or superficially.
sinister        = Evil.
sinuosity     = The quality of curving in and out.
sinuous        = Curving in and out.
sinus     = An opening or cavity.
siren     = A sea-nymph, described by Homer as dwelling between the island of Circe and
Scylla.
sirocco     = hot winds from Africa.
sisterhood     = A body of sisters united by some bond of sympathy or by a religious  ow.
skeptic     = One who doubts any statements.
skepticism     = The entertainment of doubt concerning something.
skiff     = Usually, a small light boat propelled by oars.
skirmish     = Desultory fighting between   anced detachments of two armies.
sleight     = A trick or feat so deftly done that the manner of performance escapes
observation.
slight        = Of a small importance or significance.
slothful        = Lazy.
sluggard     = A person habitually lazy or idle.
sociable        = Inclined to seek company.
socialism     = A theory of civil polity that aims to secure the reconstruction of society.
socialist        = One who   ocates reconstruction of society by collective ownership of land and capital.
sociology     = The philosophical study of society.
Sol     = The sun.
solace     = Comfort in grief, trouble, or calamity.
solar        = Pertaining to the sun.
solder     = A fusible alloy used for joining metallic surfaces or margins.
soldier     = A person engaged in military service.
solecism     = Any  iolation of established rules or customs.
solicitor     = One who represents a client in court of justice; an attorney.
solicitude     = Uneasiness of mind occasioned by desire, anxiety, or fear.
soliloquy     = A monologue.
solstice     = The time of year when the sun is at its greatest declination.
soluble        = Capable of being dissolved, as in a fluid.
solvent        = Having sufficient funds to pay all debts.
somber        = Gloomy.
somniferous        = Tending to produce sleep.
somnolence     = Oppressive drowsiness.
somnolent        = Sleepy.
sonata     = An instrumental composition.
sonnet     = A poem of fourteen decasyllabic or octosyllabiclines expressing two successive
phrases.
sonorous        = Resonant.
soothsayer     = One who claims to have supernatural insight or foresight.
sophism     = A false argument understood to be such by the reasoner himself and
intentionally used to deceive
sophistical        = Fallacious.
sophisticate      = To deprive of simplicity of mind or manner.
sophistry     = Reasoning sound in appearance only, especially when designedly deceptive.
soprano     = A woman's or boy's  oice of high range.
sorcery     = Witchcraft.
sordid        = Of degraded character or ature.
souvenir     = A token of remembrance.
sparse        = Thinly diffused.
Spartan        = Exceptionally brave; rigorously severe.
spasmodic        = Convulsive.
specialize      = To assume an individual or specific character, or adopt a singular or special
course.
specialty     = An employment limited to one particular line of work.
specie     = A coin or coins of gold, silver, copper, or other metal.
species     = A classificatory group of animals or plants subordinate to a genus.
specimen     = One of a class of persons or things regarded as representative of the class.
specious        = Plausible.
spectator     = One who beholds or looks on.
specter     = Apparition.  
spectrum     = An image formed by rays of light or other radiant energy.
speculate      = To pursue inquiries and form conjectures.
speculator     = One who makes an investment that involves a risk of loss, but also a chance
of profit.
sphericity     = The state or condition of being a sphere.
spheroid     = A body having early the form of a sphere.
spherometer     = An instrument for measuring curvature or radii of spherical surfaces.
spinous        = Having spines.
spinster     = A woman who has ever been married.
spontaneous        = Arising from inherent qualities or tendencies without external efficient
cause.
sprightly        =  ivacious.
spurious        = ot genuine.
squabble      = To quarrel.
squalid        = Having a dirty, mean, poverty-stricken appearance.
squatter     = One who settles on land without permission or right.
stagnant        = ot flowing: said of water, as in a pool.
stagnate      = To become dull or inert.
stagnation     = The condition of ot flowing or ot changing.
stagy        = Having a theatrical manner.
staid        = Of a steady and sober character.
stallion     = An uncastrated male horse, commonly one kept for breeding.
stanchion     = A  ertical bar, or a pair of bars, used to confine cattle in a stall.
stanza     = A group of rimed lines, usually forming one of a series of similar divisions in a
poem.
statecraft     = The art of conducting state affairs.
static        = Pertaining to or designating bodies at rest or forces in equilibrium.
statics     = The branch of mechanics that treats of the relations that subsist among forces in
order.
stationary        = ot moving.
statistician     = One who is skilled in collecting and tabulating umerical facts.
statuesque        = Having the grace, pose, or quietude of a statue.
statuette     = A figurine.
stature     = The atural height of an animal body.
statute     = Any authoritatively declared rule, ordinance, decree, or law.
stealth     = A concealed manner of acting.
stellar        = Pertaining to the stars.
steppe     = One of the extensive plains in Russia and Siberia.
sterling        = Genuine.
stifle      = To smother.
stigma     = A mark of infamy or token of disgrace attaching to a person as the result of evildoing.
stiletto     = A small dagger.
stimulant     = Anything that rouses to activity or to quickened action.
stimulate      = To rouse to activity or to quickened action.
stimulus     = Incentive.
stingy        = Cheap, unwilling to spend money.
stipend     = A definite amount paid at stated periods in compensation for services or as an
allowance.
Stoicism     = The principles or the practice of the Stoics-being  ery even tempered in
success and failure.
stolid        = Expressing o power of feeling or perceiving.
strait     = A arrow passage of water connecting two larger bodies of water.
stratagem     = Any clever trick or device for obtaining an   antage.
stratum     = A atural or artificial layer, bed, or thickness of any substance or material.
streamlet     = Rivulet.
stringency     = Strictness.
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stringent        = Rigid.
stripling     = A mere youth.
studious        = Having or showing devotion to the acquisition of knowledge.
stultify      = To give an appearance of foolishness to.
stupendous        = Of prodigious size, bulk, or degree.
stupor     = Profound lethargy.
suasion     = The act of persuading.
suave        = Smooth and pleasant in manner.
subacid        = Somewhat sharp or biting.
subaquatic        = Being, formed, or operating under water.
subconscious        = Being or occurring in the mind, but without attendant consciousness or
conscious perception.
subjacent        = Situated directly underneath.
subjection     = The act of bringing into a state of submission.
subjugate      = To conquer.
subliminal        = Being beneath the threshold of consciousness.
sublingual        = Situated beneath the tongue.
submarine        = Existing, done, or operating beneath the surface of the sea.
submerge      = To place or plunge under water.
submergence     = The act of submerging.
submersible        = Capable of being put underwater.
submersion     = The act of submerging.
submission     = A yielding to the power or authority of another.
submittal     = The act of submitting.
subordinate        = Belonging to an inferior order in a classification.
subsequent        = Following in time.
subservience     = The quality, character, or condition of being servilely following another's
behests.
subservient        = Servilely following another's behests.
subside      = To relapse into a state of repose and tranquility.
subsist      = To be maintained or sustained.
subsistence     = Sustenance.
substantive        = Solid.
subtend      = To extend opposite to.
subterfuge     = Evasion.
subterranean        = Situated or occurring below the surface of the earth.
subtle        = Discriminating.
subtrahend     = That which is to be subtracted.
subversion     = An overthrow, as from the foundation.
subvert      = To bring to ruin.
succeed      = To accomplish what is attempted or intended.
success     = A favorable or prosperous course or termination of anything attempted.
successful        = Having reached a high degree of worldly prosperity.
successor     = One who or that which takes the place of a predecessor or preceding thing.
succinct        = Concise.
succulent        = Juicy.
succumb      = To cease to resist.
sufferance     = Toleration.
sufficiency     = An ample or adequate supply.
suffrage     = The right or privilege of  oting.
suffuse      = To cover or fill the surface of.
suggestible        = That can be suggested.
suggestive        = Stimulating to thought or reflection.
summary     = An abstract.
sumptuous        = Rich and costly.
superabundance     = An excessive amount.
superadd      = To add in addition to what has been added.
superannuate      = To become deteriorated or incapacitated by long service.
superb        = Sumptuously elegant.
supercilious        = Exhibiting haughty and careless contempt.
superficial        = Knowing and understanding only the ordinary and the obvious.
superfluity     = That part of anything that is in excess of what is eeded.
superfluous        = Being more than is eeded.
superheat      = To heat to excess.
superintend      = To have the charge and direction of, especially of some work or movement.
superintendence     = Direction and management.
superintendent     = One who has the charge and direction of, especially of some work or
movement.
superlative     = That which is of the highest possible excellence or eminence.
supernatural        = Caused miraculously or by the immediate exercise of divine power.
supernumerary        = Superfluous.
supersede      = To displace.
supine        = Lying on the back.
supplant      = To take the place of.
supple        = Easily bent.
supplementary        = Being an addition to.
supplicant     = One who asks humbly and earnestly.
supplicate      = To beg.
supposition     = Conjecture.
suppress      = To prevent from being disclosed or punished.
suppressible        = Capable of being suppressed.
suppression     = A forcible putting or keeping down.
supramundane        = Supernatural.
surcharge     = An additional amount charged.
surety     = Security for payment or performance.
surfeit      = To feed to fullness or to satiety.
surmise      = To conjecture.
surmount      = To overcome by force of will.
surreptitious        = Clandestine.
surrogate     = One who or that which is substituted for or appointed to act in place of
another.
surround      = To encircle.
surveyor     = A land-measurer.
susceptibility     = A specific capability of feeling or emotion.
susceptible        = Easily under a specified power or influence.
suspense     = Uncertainty.
suspension     = A hanging from a support.
suspicious        = Inclined to doubt or mistrust.
sustenance     = Food.
swarthy        = Having a dark hue, especially a dark or sunburned complexion.
Sybarite     = A luxurious person.
sycophant     = A servile flatterer, especially of those in authority or influence.
syllabic        = Consisting of that which is uttered in a single  ocal impulse.
syllabication     = Division of words into that which is uttered in a single  ocal impulse.
syllable     = That which is uttered in a single  ocal impulse.
syllabus     = Outline of a subject, course, lecture, or treatise.
sylph     = A slender, graceful young woman or girl.
symmetrical        = Well-balanced.
symmetry     = Relative proportion and harmony.
sympathetic        = Having a fellow-feeling for or like feelings with another or others.
sympathize      = To share the sentiments or mental states of another.
symphonic        = Characterized by a harmonious or agreeable mingling of sounds.
symphonious        = Marked by a harmonious or agreeable mingling of sounds.
symphony     = A harmonious or agreeable mingling of sounds.
synchronism     = Simultaneousness.
syndicate     = An association of individuals united for the prosecution of some enterprise.
syneresis     = The coalescence of two  owels or syllables, as e'er for ever.
synod     = An ecclesiastical council.
synonym     = A word having the same or almost the same meaning as some other.
synopsis     = A syllabus or summary.
systematic        = Methodical.
tableau     = An arrangement of inanimate figures representing a scene from real life.
tacit        = Understood.
taciturn        = Disinclined to conversation.
tack     = A small sharp-pointed ail.
tact     = Fine or ready mental discernment shown in saying or doing the proper thing.
tactician     = One who directs affairs with skill and shrewdness.
tactics     = Any maneuvering or adroit management for effecting an object.
tangency     = The state of touching.
tangent        = Touching.
tangible        = Perceptible by touch.
tannery     = A place where leather is tanned.
tantalize      = To tease.
tantamount        = Having equal or equivalent  alue, effect, or import.
tapestry     = A fabric to which a pattern is applied with a eedle, designed for ornamental
hangings.
tarnish      = To lessen or destroy the luster of in any way.
taut        = Stretched tight.
taxation     = A levy, by government, of a fixed contribution.
taxidermy     = The art or process of preserving dead animals or parts of them.
technic        = Technical.
technicality     = Something peculiar to a particular art, trade, or the like.
technique     = Manner of performance.
technography     = The scientific description or study of human arts and industries in their
historic development.
technology     = The knowledge relating to industries and manufactures.
teem      = To be full to overflowing.
telepathy     = Thought-transference.
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telephony     = The art or process of communicating by telephone.
telescope      = To drive together so that one slides into the another like the sections of a spyglass.
telltale        = That gives warning or information.
temerity     = Recklessness.
temporal        = Pertaining to or concerned with the affairs of the present life.
temporary        = Lasting for a short time only.
temporize      = To pursue a policy of delay.
tempt      = To offer to (somebody) an inducement to do wrong.
tempter     = An allurer or enticer to evil.
tenacious        = Unyielding.
tenant     = An occupant.
tendency     = Direction or inclination, as toward some objector end.
tenet     = Any opinion, principle, dogma, or doctrine that a person believes or maintains as
true.
tenor     = A settled course or manner of progress.
tense        = Strained to stiffness.
tentative        = Done as an experiment.
tenure     = The term during which a thing is held.
tercentenary        = Pertaining to a period of 300 years.
termagant        =  iolently abusive and quarrelsome.
terminal        = Pertaining to or creative of a boundary, limit.
terminate      = To put an end or stop to.
termination     = The act of ending or concluding.
terminus     = The final point or goal.
terrify      = To fill with extreme fear.
territorial        = Pertaining to the domain over which a sovereign state exercises jurisdiction.
terse        = Pithy.
testament     = A will.
testator     = The maker of a will.
testimonial     = A formal token of regard, often presented in public.
thearchy     = Government by a supreme deity.
theism     = Belief in God.
theocracy     = A government administered by ecclesiastics.
theocrasy     = The mixed worship of polytheism.
theologian     = A professor of divinity.
theological        = Based on or growing out of divine revelation.
theology     = The branch of theological science that treats of God.
theoretical        = Directed toward knowledge for its own sake without respect to applications.
theorist     = One given to speculating.
theorize      = To speculate.
thereabout       = ear that umber, quantity, degree, place, or time, approximately.
therefor       = For that or this.
thermal        = Of or pertaining to heat.
thermoelectric        = Denoting electricity produced by heat.
thermoelectricity     = Electricity generated by differences of temperature,
thesis     = An essay or treatise on a particular subject.
thoroughbred        = Bred from the best or purest blood or stock.
thoroughfare     = A public street or road.
thrall     = One controlled by an appetite or a passion.
tilth     = Cultivation.
timbre     = The quality of a tone, as distinguished from intensity and pitch.
timorous        = Lacking courage.
tincture     = A solution, usually alcoholic, of some principle used in medicine.
tinge     = A faint trace of color.
tipsy        = Befuddled with drinks.
tirade     = Harangue.
tireless        = Untiring.
tiresome        = Wearisome.
Titanic        = Of  ast size or strength.
toilsome        = Laborious.
tolerable        = Moderately good.
tolerance     = Forbearance in judging of the acts or opinions of others.
tolerant        = Indulgent.
tolerate      = To passively permit or put up with.
toleration     = A spirit of charitable leniency.
topography     = The art of representing on a map the physical features of any locality or
region with accuracy.
torpor     = Apathy.
torrid        = Excessively hot.
tortious        = Wrongful.
tortuous        = Abounding in irregular bends or turns.
torturous        = Marked by extreme suffering.
tractable        = Easily led or controlled.
trait     = A distinguishing feature or quality.
trajectory     = The path described by a projectile moving under given forces.
trammel     = An impediment.
tranquil        = Calm.
tranquilize      = To soothe.
tranquility     = Calmness.
transalpine        = Situated on the other side of the Alps.
transact      = To do business.
transatlantic        = Situated beyond or on the other side of the Atlantic.
transcend      = To surpass.
transcendent        = Surpassing.
transcontinental        = Extending or passing across a continent.
transcribe      = To write over again (something already written)
transcript     = A copy made directly from an original.
transfer      = To convey, remove, or cause to pass from one person or place to another.
transferable        = Capable of being conveyed from one person or place to another.
transferee     = The person to whom a transfer is made.
transference     = The act of conveying from one person or place to another.
transferrer     = One who or that which conveys from one person or place to another.
transfigure      = To give an exalted meaning or glorified appearance to.
transfuse      = To pour or cause to pass, as a fluid, from one  essel to another.
transfusible        = Capable of being poured from one  essel to another.
transfusion     = The act of pouring from one  essel to another.
transgress      = To break a law.
transience     = Something that is of short duration.
transient     = One who or that which is only of temporary existence.
transition     = Passage from one place, condition, or action to another.
transitory        = Existing for a short time only.
translate      = To give the sense or equivalent of in another language or dialect.
translator     = An interpreter.
translucence     = The property or state of allowing the passage of light.
translucent        = Allowing the passage of light.
transmissible        = That may e sent through or across.
transmission     = The act of sending through or across.
transmit      = To send trough or across.
transmute      = To change in ature, substance, or form.
transparent        = Easy to see through or understand.
transpire      = To come to pass.
transplant      = To remove and plant in another place.
transposition     = The act of reversing the order or changing the place of.
transverse        = Lying or being across or in a crosswise direction.
travail     = Hard or agonizing labor.
travesty     = A grotesque imitation.
treacherous        = Perfidious.
treachery     =  iolation of allegiance, confidence, or plighted faith.
treasonable        = Of the ature of betrayal, treachery, or breech of allegiance.
treatise     = An elaborate literary composition presenting a subject in all its parts.
treble        = Multiplied by three.
trebly       = Triply.
tremendous        = Awe-inspiring.
tremor     = An involuntary trembling or shivering.
tremulous        = Characterized by quivering or unsteadiness.
trenchant        = Cutting deeply and quickly.
trepidation     = ervous uncertainty of feeling.
trestle     = An open braced framework for supporting the horizontal stringers of a railwaybridge.
triad     = A group of three persons of things.
tribune     = Any champion of the rights and liberties of the people: often used as the ame
for a ewspaper.
trickery     = Artifice.
tricolor        = Of three colors.
tricycle     = A three-wheeled  ehicle.
trident     = The three-pronged fork that was the emblem of eptune.
triennial        = Taking place every third year.
trimness     = eatness.
trinity     = A threefold personality existing in the one divine being or substance.
trio     = Three things grouped or associated together.
triple        = Threefold.
triplicate        = Composed of or pertaining to three related things or parts.
triplicity     = The state of being triple or threefold.
tripod     = A three-legged stand, usually hinged ear the top, for supporting some
instrument.
trisect      = To divide into three parts, especially into three equal parts.
trite        = Made commonplace by frequent repetition.
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triumvir     = One of three men united coordinately in public office or authority.
trivial        = Of little importance or  alue.
troublesome        = Burdensome.
truculence     = Ferocity.
truculent        = Having the character or the spirit of a savage.
truism     = A statement so plainly true as hardly to require statement or proof.
truthful        =  eracious.
turgid        = Swollen.
turpitude     = Depravity.
tutelage     = The act of training or the state of being under instruction.
tutelar        = Protective.
tutorship     = The office of a guardian.
twinge     = A darting momentary local pain.
typical        = Characteristic.
typify      = To serve as a characteristic example of.
typographical        = Pertaining to typography or printing.
typography     = The arrangement of composed type, or the appearance of printed matter.
tyrannical        = Despotic.
tyranny     = Absolute power arbitrarily or unjustly administrated.
tyro     = One slightly skilled in or acquainted with any trade or profession.
ubiquitous        = Being present everywhere.
ulterior        = ot so pertinent as something else to the matter spoken of.
ultimate        = Beyond which there is othing else.
ultimatum     = A final statement or proposal, as concerning terms or conditions.
ultramundane        = Pertaining to supernatural things or to another life.
ultramontane        = Beyond the mountains, especially beyond the Alps (that is, on their
Italian side).
umbrage     = A sense of injury.
unaccountable        = Inexplicable.
unaffected        = Sincere.
unanimous        = Sharing the same  iews or sentiments.
unanimity     = The state or quality of being of one mind.
unavoidable        = Inevitable.
unbearable        = Unendurable.
unbecoming        = Unsuited to the wearer, place, or surroundings.
unbelief     = Doubt.
unbiased        = Impartial, as judgment.
unbridled        = Being without restraint.
uncommon        = Rare.
unconscionable        = Ridiculously or unjustly excessive.
unconscious        = ot cognizant of objects, actions, etc.
unction     = The art of anointing as with oil.
unctuous        = Oily.
undeceive      = To free from deception, as by apprising of the real state of affairs.
undercharge      = To make an inadequate charge for.
underexposed        = Insufficiently exposed for proper or full development, as egatives in
photography.
undergarment     = A garment to be worn under the ordinary outer garments.
underman      = To equip with less than the full complement of men.
undersell      = To sell at a lower price than.
undersized        = Of less than the customary size.
underhanded        = Clandestinely carried on.
underlie      = To be the ground or support of.
underling     = A subordinate.
undermine      = To subvert in an underhand way.
underrate      = To undervalue.
understate      = To fail to put strongly enough, as a case.
undervalue      = To underestimate.
underworld     = Hades.
underwrite      = To issue or be party to the issue of a policy of insurance.
undue        = More than sufficient.
undulate      = To move like a wave or in waves.
undulous        = Resembling waves.
unfavorable        =   erse.
ungainly        = Clumsy.
unguent     = Any ointment or lubricant for local application.
unicellular        = Consisting of a single cell.
univalence     = Monovalency.
unify      = To cause to be one.
unique        = Being the only one of its kind.
unison     = A condition of perfect agreement and accord.
unisonant        = Being in a condition of perfect agreement and accord.
Unitarian        = Pertaining to a religious body that rejects the doctrine of the Trinity.
unlawful        = Illegal.
unlimited        = Unconstrained.
unnatural        = Artificial.
unnecessary        = ot essential under the circumstances.
unsettle      = To put into confusion.
unsophisticated        = Showing inexperience.
unspeakable        = Abominable.
untimely        = Unseasonable.
untoward        = Causing annoyance or hindrance.
unutterable        = Inexpressible.
unwieldy        = Moved or managed with difficulty, as from great size or awkward shape.
unwise        = Foolish.
unyoke      = To separate.
up-keep     = Maintenance.
upbraid      = To reproach as deserving blame.
upcast     = A throwing upward.
upheaval     = Overthrow or  iolent disturbance of established order or condition.
upheave      = To raise or lift with effort.
uppermost        = First in order of precedence.
uproarious        = oisy.
uproot      = To eradicate.
upturn      = To throw into confusion.
urban        = Of, or pertaining to, or like a city.
urbanity     = Refined or elegant courtesy.
urchin     = A roguish, mischievous boy.
urgency     = The pressure of ecessity.
usage     = Treatment.
usurious        = Taking unlawful or exorbitant interest on money loaned.
usurp      = To take possession of by force.
usury     = The demanding for the use of money as a loan, a rate of interest beyond what is
allowed by law.
utilitarianism     = The ethical doctrine that actions are right because they are useful or of
beneficial tendency.
utility     = Fitness for some desirable practical purpose.
utmost     = The greatest possible extent.
vacate      = To leave.
vaccinate      = To inoculate with  accine  irus or  irus of cowpox.
vacillate      = To waver.
vacuous        = Empty.
vacuum     = A space entirely devoid of matter.
vagabond     = A wanderer.
vagrant     = An idle wanderer.
vainglory     = Excessive, pretentious, and demonstrative  anity.
vale     = Level or low land between hills.
valediction     = A bidding farewell.
valedictorian     = Student who delivers an address at graduating exercises of an
educational institution.
valedictory     = A parting address.
valid        = Founded on truth.
valorous        = Courageous.
vapid        = Having lost sparkling quality and flavor.
vaporizer     = An atomizer.
variable        = Having a tendency to change.
variance     = Change.
variant     = A thing that differs from another in form only, being the same in essence or
substance.
variation     = Modification.
variegate      = To mark with different shades or colors.
vassal     = A slave or bondman.
vaudeville     = A  ariety show.
vegetal        = Of or pertaining to plants.
vegetarian     = One who believes in the theory that man's food should be exclusively
vegetable.
vegetate      = To live in a monotonous, passive way without exercise of the mental faculties.
vegetation     = Plant-life in the aggregate.
vegetative        = Pertaining to the process of plant-life.
vehement        =  ery eager or urgent.
velocity     = Rapid motion.
velvety        = Marked by lightness and softness.
venal        = Mercenary, corrupt.
vendible        = Marketable.
vendition     = The act of selling.
vendor     = A seller.
veneer     = Outside show or elegance.
venerable        = Meriting or commanding high esteem.
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venerate      = To cherish reverentially.
venereal        = Pertaining to or proceeding from sexual intercourse.
venial        = That may be pardoned or forgiven, a forgivable sin.
venison     = The flesh of deer.
venom     = The poisonous fluid that certain animals secrete.
venous        = Of, pertaining to, or contained or carried in a  ein or  eins.
veracious        = Habitually disposed to speak the truth.
veracity     = Truthfulness.
verbatim       = Word for word.
verbiage     = Use of many words without ecessity.
verbose        = Wordy.
verdant        = Green with  egetation.
verification     = The act of proving to be true, exact, or accurate.
verify      = To prove to be true, exact, or accurate.
verily       = In truth.
verity     = Truth.
vermin     = A oxious or troublesome animal.
vernacular     = The language of one's country.
vernal        = Belonging to or suggestive of the spring.
versatile        = Having an aptitude for applying oneself to ew and  aried tasks or to  arious
subjects.
version     = A description or report of something as modified by one's character or opinion.
vertex     = Apex.
vertical        = Lying or directed perpendicularly to the horizon.
vertigo     = Dizziness.
vestige     = A  isible trace, mark, or impression, of something absent, lost, or gone.
vestment     = Clothing or covering.
veto     = The constitutional right in a chief executive of refusing to approve an enactment.
vicarious        = Suffered or done in place of or for the sake of another.
viceroy     = A ruler acting with royal authority in place of the sovereign in a colony or
province.
vicissitude     = A change, especially a complete change, of condition or circumstances, as of fortune.
vie      = To contend.
vigilance     = Alert and intent mental watchfulness in guarding against danger.
vigilant        = Being on the alert to discover and ward off danger or insure safety.
vignette     = A picture having a background or that is shaded off gradually.
vincible        = Conquerable.
vindicate      = To prove true, right, or real.
vindicatory        = Punitive.
vindicative        = Revengeful.
vinery     = A greenhouse for grapes.
viol     = A stringed instrument of the  iolin class.
viola     = A musical instrument somewhat larger than a  iolin.
violator     = One who transgresses.
violation     = Infringement.
violoncello     = A stringed instrument held between the player's knees.
virago     = A bold, impudent, turbulent woman.
virile        = Masculine.
virtu     = Rare, curious, or beautiful quality.
virtual        = Being in essence or effect, but ot in form or appearance.
virtuoso     = A master in the technique of some particular fine art.
virulence     = Extreme poisonousness.
virulent        = Exceedingly oxious or deleterious.
visage     = The face, countenance, or look of a person.
viscount     = In England, a title of obility, ranking fourth in the order of British peerage.
vista     = A  iew or prospect.
visual        = Perceptible by sight.
visualize      = To give pictorial  ividness to a mental representation.
vitality     = The state or quality of being ecessary to existence or continuance.
vitalize      = To endow with life or energy.
vitiate      = To contaminate.
vituperable        = Deserving of censure.
vivacity     = Liveliness.
vivify      = To endue with life.
vivisection     = The dissection of a living animal.
vocable     = a word, especially one regarded in relation merely to its qualities of sound.
vocative        = Of or pertaining to the act of calling.
vociferance     = The quality of making a clamor.
vociferate      = To utter with a loud and  ehement  oice.
vociferous        = Making a loud outcry.
vogue     = The prevalent way or fashion.
volant        = Flying or able to fly.
volatile        = Changeable.
volition     = An act or exercise of will.
volitive        = Exercising the will.
voluble        = Having great fluency in speaking.
voluptuous        = having fullness of beautiful form, as a woman, with or without sensuous or
sensual quality.
voracious        = Eating with greediness or in  ery large quantities.
vortex     = A mass of rotating or whirling fluid, especially when sucked spirally toward the
center.
votary        = Consecrated by a  ow or promise.
votive        = Dedicated by a  ow.
vulgarity     = Lack of refinement in conduct or speech.
vulnerable        = Capable of receiving injuries.
waif     = A homeless, eglected wanderer.
waistcoat     = A  est.
waive      = To relinquish, especially temporarily, as a right or claim.
wampum     = Beads strung on threads, formerly used among the American Indians as
currency.
wxane      = To diminish in size and brilliancy.
wantonness     = Recklessness.
warlike        = Belligerent.
wavelet     = A ripple.
weak-kneed        = Without resolute purpose or energy.
weal     = Well-being.
wean      = To transfer (the young) from dependence on mother's milk to another form of
nourishment.
wearisome        = Fatiguing.
wee        =  ery small.
well-bred        = Of good ancestry.
well-doer     = A performer of moral and social duties.
well-to-do        = In prosperous circumstances.
whereabouts     = The place in or ear which a person or thing is.
whereupon       = After which.
wherever       = In or at whatever place.
wherewith     = The ecessary means or resources.
whet      = To make more keen or eager.
whimsical        = Capricious.
whine      = To utter with complaining tone.
wholly       = Completely.
wield      = To use, control, or manage, as a weapon, or instrument, especially with full command.
wile     = An act or a means of cunning deception.
winsome        = Attractive.
wintry        = Lacking warmth of manner.
wiry        = Thin, but tough and sinewy.
witchcraft     = Sorcery.
witless        = Foolish, indiscreet, or silly.
witling     = A person who has little understanding.
witticism     = A witty, brilliant, or original saying or sentiment.
wittingly       = With knowledge and by design.
wizen      = To become or cause to become withered or dry.
wizen-faced        = Having a shriveled face.
working-man     = One who earns his bread by manual labor.
workmanlike        = Like or befitting a skilled workman.
workmanship     = The art or skill of a workman.
wrangle      = To maintain by oisy argument or dispute.
wreak      = To inflict, as a revenge or punishment.
wrest      = To pull or force away by or as by  iolent twisting or wringing.
wretchedness     = Extreme misery or unhappiness.
writhe      = To twist the body, face, or limbs or as in pain or distress.
writing     = The act or art of tracing or inscribing on a surface letters or ideographs.
wry        = Deviating from that which is proper or right.
yearling     = A young animal past its first year and ot yet two years old.
zealot     = One who espouses a cause or pursues an object in an immoderately partisan
manner.
zeitgeist     = The intellectual and moral tendencies that characterize any age or epoch.
zenith     = The culminating-point of prosperity, influence, or greatness.



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